Introduction to health careers
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Introduction to Health Careers. Educational Requirements. The educational requirements of careers in the medical professions: Depend on many factors Can vary from state to state Some basic standards do exist. Secondary Education. Refers to basic preparation in high school

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Educational Requirements

  • The educational requirements of careers in the medical professions:

    • Depend on many factors

    • Can vary from state to state

    • Some basic standards do exist

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Secondary Education

  • Refers to basic preparation in high school

  • Should include the sciences, social studies, English and math

  • General typing and accounting skills are important and can be utilized in many health careers

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Health Occupations EducationHOE

  • Secondary vocational program in health occupations

  • Prepare student for immediate employment in many health careers

  • Also prepare students for additional education after graduation

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Post-Secondary Education

  • Education received after graduation from high school

  • Includes education in vocational-technical schools, community colleges and universities

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Types of Degrees

  • Associate’s degree

    • Awarded by a vocational-technical school or community college

    • Requires completion of prescribed two-year course of study

  • Bachelor’s degree

    • Awarded by college or university

    • Requires completion of prescribed course of study that usually lasts for four or more years

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Types of Degrees

  • Master’s degree

    • Awarded by college or university

    • Requires completion of one or more years beyond a bachelor’s degree

  • Doctorate or Doctor’s degree

    • Awarded by college or university

    • Requires completion of two or more years beyond a bachelor’s or master’s degree

    • Some require 4 to 6 years of additional study

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Certification, Registration and Licensure

  • Methods used to ensure skill and competency of health care personnel and protect consumer or patient

  • Usually graduation from an accredited program required before certification, registration and/or licensure will be granted

  • Ensures that program of study meets established quality competency standards

  • Important to make sure the school has accredited programs before enrolling

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  • Issued by a professional association or government agency that regulates a particular career

  • Certificate or statement is issued if person fulfills requirements of education and performance and meets standards and qualifications established

  • Ex – certified dental assistant, certified laboratory technician, certified medical assistant

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  • Required in some health careers

  • Done by regulatory body in a health care area

  • Administer examinations and maintain current list (the “registry”) of qualified personnel

  • Ex – registered dietitian, registered respiratory therapist, registered animal technician

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  • Government agency authorizes individuals to work in a given occupation

  • Occupations requiring licensure vary from state to state

  • Usually require a person to:

    • Complete an approved educational program

    • Pass a state board test

    • Maintain certain standard to obtain and retain licensure

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  • Ex – physicians, dentists, physical therapists, registered nurses and licensed practical/vocational nurses

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Continuing Education Units CEUs

  • Required to renew licenses or maintain certification or registration

  • Individual must obtain additional hours of education in the specific health care career during a specified period of time

  • Individuals should be aware of the state requirement regarding CEUs

  • Arkansas requires 15 CEUs per renewal period (renewal every 2 years)

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4 Main Levels of Training

  • Professional

    • Usually requires four or more years of college and an advanced degree

      • Ex – medical doctor, dentist

  • Technologist or therapist

    • Requires 3 to 4 years of college plus work experience, usually bachelor’s degree

      • Ex – medical laboratory technologist, physical therapist, speech therapist

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4 Main Levels of Training

3. Technician

  • Usually requires 2-year associates degree, special health occupations education or 3 to 4 years OJT

  • Ex – dental lab technician, medical lab technician, surgical technician

    4. Assistant or aide

  • Usually requires up to 1 or more years of training that combines classroom and/or OJT

  • Ex – dental, medical or nurse assistants

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Multi-competent or Multi-skilled Worker

  • New trend in health occupations

  • Workers perform in a variety of occupations

  • Eliminates the need for employing specialists for every aspect of care

  • At times, workers trained in one field receive additional education to work in second or third occupation

  • In other cases, educational programs prepare multi-competent workers

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Multi-competent or Multi-skilled Worker

  • Examples

    • Combine electrocardiograph technician with electroencephalographic technologist

    • Combine basic skills of radiology, medical laboratory and respiratory therapy

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  • Individual who organizes, manages and assumes the risk of a business

  • Opportunity available in many health occupations

  • However, even as entrepreneurs, many health professional must still work under the direction or guidance of doctors

  • Involves risks and requires certain level of education and ability

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  • Satisfying to individual who is well motivated, self-confident, responsible, creative and independent

  • Examples

    • Doctors, dentists, optometrists, physical therapists