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Introduction to Health Careers. Educational Requirements. The educational requirements of careers in the medical professions: Depend on many factors Can vary from state to state Some basic standards do exist. Secondary Education. Refers to basic preparation in high school

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educational requirements
Educational Requirements
  • The educational requirements of careers in the medical professions:
    • Depend on many factors
    • Can vary from state to state
    • Some basic standards do exist
secondary education
Secondary Education
  • Refers to basic preparation in high school
  • Should include the sciences, social studies, English and math
  • General typing and accounting skills are important and can be utilized in many health careers
health occupations education hoe
Health Occupations EducationHOE
  • Secondary vocational program in health occupations
  • Prepare student for immediate employment in many health careers
  • Also prepare students for additional education after graduation
post secondary education
Post-Secondary Education
  • Education received after graduation from high school
  • Includes education in vocational-technical schools, community colleges and universities
types of degrees
Types of Degrees
  • Associate’s degree
    • Awarded by a vocational-technical school or community college
    • Requires completion of prescribed two-year course of study
  • Bachelor’s degree
    • Awarded by college or university
    • Requires completion of prescribed course of study that usually lasts for four or more years
types of degrees7
Types of Degrees
  • Master’s degree
    • Awarded by college or university
    • Requires completion of one or more years beyond a bachelor’s degree
  • Doctorate or Doctor’s degree
    • Awarded by college or university
    • Requires completion of two or more years beyond a bachelor’s or master’s degree
    • Some require 4 to 6 years of additional study
certification registration and licensure
Certification, Registration and Licensure
  • Methods used to ensure skill and competency of health care personnel and protect consumer or patient
  • Usually graduation from an accredited program required before certification, registration and/or licensure will be granted
  • Ensures that program of study meets established quality competency standards
  • Important to make sure the school has accredited programs before enrolling
  • Issued by a professional association or government agency that regulates a particular career
  • Certificate or statement is issued if person fulfills requirements of education and performance and meets standards and qualifications established
  • Ex – certified dental assistant, certified laboratory technician, certified medical assistant
  • Required in some health careers
  • Done by regulatory body in a health care area
  • Administer examinations and maintain current list (the “registry”) of qualified personnel
  • Ex – registered dietitian, registered respiratory therapist, registered animal technician
  • Government agency authorizes individuals to work in a given occupation
  • Occupations requiring licensure vary from state to state
  • Usually require a person to:
    • Complete an approved educational program
    • Pass a state board test
    • Maintain certain standard to obtain and retain licensure
  • Ex – physicians, dentists, physical therapists, registered nurses and licensed practical/vocational nurses
continuing education units ceus
Continuing Education Units CEUs
  • Required to renew licenses or maintain certification or registration
  • Individual must obtain additional hours of education in the specific health care career during a specified period of time
  • Individuals should be aware of the state requirement regarding CEUs
  • Arkansas requires 15 CEUs per renewal period (renewal every 2 years)
4 main levels of training
4 Main Levels of Training
  • Professional
    • Usually requires four or more years of college and an advanced degree
      • Ex – medical doctor, dentist
  • Technologist or therapist
    • Requires 3 to 4 years of college plus work experience, usually bachelor’s degree
      • Ex – medical laboratory technologist, physical therapist, speech therapist
4 main levels of training15
4 Main Levels of Training

3. Technician

  • Usually requires 2-year associates degree, special health occupations education or 3 to 4 years OJT
  • Ex – dental lab technician, medical lab technician, surgical technician

4. Assistant or aide

  • Usually requires up to 1 or more years of training that combines classroom and/or OJT
  • Ex – dental, medical or nurse assistants
multi competent or multi skilled worker
Multi-competent or Multi-skilled Worker
  • New trend in health occupations
  • Workers perform in a variety of occupations
  • Eliminates the need for employing specialists for every aspect of care
  • At times, workers trained in one field receive additional education to work in second or third occupation
  • In other cases, educational programs prepare multi-competent workers
multi competent or multi skilled worker17
Multi-competent or Multi-skilled Worker
  • Examples
    • Combine electrocardiograph technician with electroencephalographic technologist
    • Combine basic skills of radiology, medical laboratory and respiratory therapy
  • Individual who organizes, manages and assumes the risk of a business
  • Opportunity available in many health occupations
  • However, even as entrepreneurs, many health professional must still work under the direction or guidance of doctors
  • Involves risks and requires certain level of education and ability
  • Satisfying to individual who is well motivated, self-confident, responsible, creative and independent
  • Examples
    • Doctors, dentists, optometrists, physical therapists