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AIR ASSAULT AIR MOVEMENT. OPERATIONS. AIR ASSAULT. AIR ASSAULT OPERATIONS ARE THOSE IN WHICH ASSAULT FORCES (C, CS, CSS) USING THE FIREPOWER, MOBILITY, AND TOTAL INTEGRATION OF HELICOPTER ASSETS, MANEUVER ON THE BATTLEFIELD UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE GROUND

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AIR ASSAULT AIR MOVEMENT


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    1. AIR ASSAULT AIR MOVEMENT OPERATIONS

    2. AIR ASSAULT AIR ASSAULT OPERATIONS ARE THOSE IN WHICH ASSAULT FORCES (C, CS, CSS) USING THE FIREPOWER, MOBILITY, AND TOTAL INTEGRATION OF HELICOPTER ASSETS, MANEUVER ON THE BATTLEFIELD UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE GROUND OR AIR MANEUVER COMMANDER TO ENGAGE AND DESTROY ENEMY FORCES OR SEIZE AND HOLD KEY TERRAIN. FM 90-4, PG 1-1 “AIR ASSAULT”

    3. AIR ASSAULT • AIR ASSAULT TASK FORCE • KEY PERSONNEL * AIR ASSAULT TASK FORCE COMMANDER (AATFC) * AIR MISSION COMMANDER (AMC) * AVIATION LNO * AIR ASSAULT TASK FORCE STAFF (AATF STAFF)

    4. AIR ASSAULT TASK FORCE COMMANDER AIR MISSION COMMANDER AIR BATTLE CAPTAIN GND TACTICAL COMMANDER Air Assault Planning Roles and Responsibilities • INFANTRY BDE/BN CDR • NORMALLY FIGHTS FROM C2 A/C • PLANS, SYNCHS AND C2s THE MSN • PROVIDES UNITY OF CMD • ASSAULT HELICOPTER UNIT • CMDs ALL ASSAULT A/C • CO-LOCATES W/ AATFC • INFANTRY UNIT • FIGHTS THE MANEUVER PLAN AFTER ASSAULT • ASSUMES CONTROL OF ATK A/C FOR CLOSE FIGHT (METT-T) • ATTACK HELICOPTER UNIT • CMDs ALL ATTACK A/C • OPERATES FROM OWN C2 A/C • CONTROLS SPTING FIRES (FA/CAS)

    5. TASK FORCE PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS: * DIVISION DIRECTED * ESTABLISHED EARLY W/ CLEARLY DEFINED POSITIONS * BATTALION IS LOWEST LEVEL STAFFED TO PLAN, COOR, & CONTROL AASLT * AASLT TF EXIST FOR SPECIFIC MISSION AIR ASSAULT

    6. PRINCIPLES OF EMPLOYMENT AIR ASSAULT * ASSIGNED MISSIONS THAT TAKE ADVANTAGE OF SUPERIOR MOBILITY * ALWAYS FIGHT AS A COMBINED ARMS TEAM * AVAILABILITY OF AVN ASSETS IS CRITICAL * PLANNING MUST BE CENTRALIZED AND PRECISE; EXECUTION IS DECENTRALIZED * MAY BE CONDUCTED AT NIGHT OR IN ADVERSE WEATHER * UNIT TACTICAL INTEGRITY MUST BE MAINTAINED * FIRE SUPPORT FOR FLIGHT ROUTES AND LZ AREAS

    7. AIR ASSAULT 5 PHASES OF THE AIR ASSAULT * GROUND TACTICAL PLAN * LANDING PLAN * AIR MOVEMENT PLAN * LOADING PLAN * STAGING PLAN

    8. Air Assault Planning THE FIVE AIR ASSAULT PLANS Planning in this Sequence PZ AVN LZ 1 SP RP OBJ PZ LZ GND LANDING AIR MVMNT LOADING STAGING GND TAC PLAN ACT IONS ON THE OBJ BASIS FOR OTHER PLANS DEFINES ATK ROLES LZ SELECTION OVERWATCH PLAN PATHFINDER USE A/C FLOW INTO LZ AIR MOVE TABLE FLT ROUTES A2C2 PLAN ATK A/C RT RECON ARMED ESCORT PZ SELECTION PZ ORGANIZATION BUMP PLAN MARSHALL PLAN PZ CONTROL Execute in this Sequence

    9. Air Assault Planning “ The Ground Tactical Plan drives the Air Assault. It is the first step in an integrated backward planning process.” 101st Gold Book The Five Plans tie together in this way: • The Ground Tactical Planrelates to LZ selection. • LZ selection creates the Landing Plan. • The LZ location directs the Air Movement Plan. • The flight routes and current friendly locations dictate the Loading Plan and PZ locations. • The PZ loading plan designates the requirements that become the Staging Plan.

    10. Air Assault Planning Nine Planning Steps 1. Parallel Planning - ID Avn Resources, allocate serials by assault, ID PZs and LZs, ID number of required turns, ID composition of assaults 2. Air Movement Annex - Lift and Serial Composition, PZs and LZs, Air Routes, LZ Intelligence Products, Any deviations from SOP 3. Air Mission Coordination Meeting (AMCM) - Completes coord between Avn and Gnd Forces, , finalizes air movement and landing plan 4. Air Mission Brief (AMB) - Air Assault OPORD (Gnd and Air) 5. The Aircrew Brief (ACB) - Aviation focused Mission Order 6. The Pilot/Serial Brief (P/SB) - Crew Level Dissemination of the Plan 7. Brigade Rehearsal - Starts w/ GTP, then covers Landing and Air Movement Plan 8. PZ Rehearsal - Run by the BDE XO, covers Staging, Loading and Air Movement Plans 9. The PZ Update Brief - Final update to Key leaders on the Air Assault (Conditions Check)

    11. Setting the Conditions • Four Operations: • Condition Checks • MEDEVAC/CASEVAC Operations • Attack Helicopter Operations • Air Assault Artillery Operations

    12. Conditions Checks • A series of checks conducted by BOS at Division and Brigade Level (standardized checklists, modified by METT-T) • Used to confirm SA on Enemy, Friendly, Terrain and Weather • Results in a “GO”, “NO GO” or a modification to the mission, allocation of resources, or timeline

    13. AIR ASSAULT PZ SELECTION CRITERIA * NUMBER OF PZs * SIZE OF PZs * PROXIMITY OF TROOPS * ACCESSIBILITY * VULNERABILITY TO ATTACK AND OBSERVATION * PREPARATION

    14. * OBSTACLES * IDENTIFICATION FROM THE AIR * APPROACH AND DEPARTURE ROUTES * WEATHER AIR ASSAULT LZ SELECTION CRITERIA * LOCATION * CAPACITY * ALTERNATE LZs * ENEMY DISPOSITION AND CAPABILITIES * COVER AND CONCEALMENT

    15. AIR ASSAULT FIRE SUPPORT PLANNING CRITERIA * ESSENTIAL FIRE SUPPORT TASKS * FIRE SUPPORT PLAN - SCHEME OF FIRES/SEAD PLAN - TARGET LIST - PRIORITY OF FIRES - TARGET PRIORITIES - ALLOCATION OF FS ASSETS - FIRE SPT COOR MEASURES - FIRING BATTERY LOCATIONS * COOR WITH BDE FSE & COLTS * WHO PLANS? WHO CONTROLS?

    16. * AIRCRAFT ALLOCATIONS * DESIGNATES LIFTS AND SERIALS * SPECIFIES ROUTES, SPs, RPs, LZs, AND TIME SEQUENCE * BASED ON H-HOUR SEQUENCE AND GROUND SPEEDS * PREPARED BY THE AVIATORS AND THE AATF STAFF AIR MOVEMENT TABLE AIR ASSAULT

    17. * LAST MEETING OF KEY AATF PERSONNEL * COVERS PLANNING DETAILS * PARTICIPANTS * LOCATION * AMB VS ACMB AIR MISSION BRIEFING AIR ASSAULT

    18. * DEFINING TASK FORCE COMMAND AND CONTROL * AIR MISSION COORDINATION * TIME MANAGEMENT * INADEQUATE REHEARSALS * DEVELOPMENT OF A FIRE SUPPORT PLAN * SITUATIONAL AWARENESS * LNO OPERATIONS * INADEQUATE USE OF LIFT AVIATION BY THE BCT * UNDERDEVELOPED BUMP PLAN * INADEQUATE ROLE OF PZ OFFICER * CONTINGENCY PLANNING * POOR PZ/LZ SELECTION LESSONS LEARNED AIR ASSAULT

    19. AIR MOVEMENT OPERATIONS ARE THOSE OPERATIONS DESIGNED TO MOVE SUPPLIES, EQUIPMENT, AND PERSONNEL. AIR MOVEMENT OPERATIONS ARE NOT CONDUCTED IN DIRECT CONTACT WITH THE ENEMY, AND MAY NOT INCLUDE OTHER MEMBERS OF THE COMBINED ARMS TEAM. FM 1-113, PAGE 3-1 AIR MOVEMENT