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The prevalence of beta thalassemia in students screening in the Lushnja district, Albania Etleva Refatllari,MD Laboratory Department UHC ”Mother Tereza”, Tirana, Albania XV BCLF Conference, Antalya 2007 Introduction
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UHC ”Mother Tereza”, Tirana, Albania
XV BCLF Conference, Antalya 2007
Providing resources for the treatment of existing patients is not enough if numbers increase each year with the birth of more affected children. In addition, with adequate treatment, the rate of patient survival increases and there is thus a cumulative increase in patient numbers to be provided for.
The fall in thalassemia major birth rate in several national thalassemia prevention programes (Angastiniotis)
-eleven beta-globin mutations were identified
- three β-thalassemia alleles (IVS-I-110, Codon 39,
IVS-I-6) were present in nearly 83% of all β- thalassemia alleles.
- their frequency was intermediate between those observed in the population of neighbor countries.
- A few rare mutation are: IVS-I-1, codon 44, IVS-II-1,
polyA, IVS-I-5, Codon 5, Codon 82-83 and IVS-II-745.
Studim epidemiologjik, molekular, hematologjik dhe biokimik i beta-talasemise ne Shqiperi.
Punim doktorature mbrojtur ne 1996 (biblioteka e Fakultetit te Mjekesise)
Sickle cell anemia, sickle cell beta-thalassemia, and thalassemia major in Albania: characterization of mutations
Human Genet 1994, 93: 182-187
The haemoglobinopathies in Albania
Meeting of the Mediterranean Blood Club, Milan, ITALY 1991
β- and α-globin genotypes in Albanian patients affected by β-
globin gene disordes
Haematologica 2002; 87
Spectrum of beta thalassemia mutations in Albania,14-th European Congress of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory, Medicine 26 – 31 May , 2001,Prague , Czech Republic
Molecular characterization of beta thalasemia in Albania, 5-th Annual Conference of Pediatrics, 2-3 November 2001,Tirana ,Albania
Performance evaluation of ferritin assay on the Brio-Sirio immunoenzymatic automated system. Ferritin levels in thalassemia major patients Laboratory Medicine 20-25 October, 2002, Kyoto, Japan
Spektri i hemoglobinopative dhe karakterizimi molekular i beta talasemise ne Shqiperi,Ditet Pediatrike Franko Shqiptare, 2-3 Maj, 2002
Karakterizimi molekular dhe diagnoza laboratorike e beta-talasemive ne Shqiperi Konferenca e Pare Kombetare e Mjekesise Laboratorike Shqiptare, Tirane, 31 Maj-1Qershor 2004.
Report diagnostics condition of thalassaemia in AlbaniaBalkan Journal of Clinical Laboratory Federation, Vol 12:2005
Sebia automated system electrophoresis in haemoglobinopathies diadnosis, AlbaniaBalkan Journal of Clinical Laboratory Federation, Vol 13:2006
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in albanian students, AlbaniaBalkan Journal of Clinical Laboratory Federation, Vol 13:2006
a) it will explain to students and parents what is thalassemia
and why testing is very important for all of them
b) it will be filled with important personal data and it includes
parental consent, too.
Our program consisted of educating, screening and consueling senior high school students about beta thalassemia
- the expected prevalence of the carrier status in this area
is very high
- very soon they will start their sexual life and will,
eventually, be parents
- the group is easily accessible
- the educational and cultural level is relatively high
Prevalence of HbS carriers was greater in the northern parts of the region (8,57%).
There is a selective distribution of thalassemia and drepanocytosis
There isn’t any difference between our results and those of the 1975 study in specific area.
The difference between two groups is not significant (p=0.004)