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Clifton Sport Psychology. Sport Psychology in GAA How to Mentally Prepare Athletes For Gaelic Games. Clifton Sport Psychology. ‘ The mind is the athlete. The body is simply the means it uses to run faster or longer, jump higher, shoot straighter, kick

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Sports psychology

Clifton Sport Psychology

Sport Psychology in GAA

How to Mentally Prepare Athletes For Gaelic Games


Sports psychology

Clifton Sport Psychology

‘The mind is the athlete. The

body is simply the means it uses

to run faster or longer, jump

higher, shoot straighter, kick

better, swim harder, hit further,

or box better’.

Bryce Courtney, The Power of One, 1992


Sports psychology

Learning Outcomes

To identify key areas of sport psychology

To apply these areas to Gaelic Games

To empower GAA coaches with knowledge

Clifton Sport Psychology


Sports psychology

Objectives

To explain the key theories and principles of sport

psychology and how they lead to improved athletic

performance

To apply these principles to Gaelic Games

To give appropriate examples in order to empower coaches

to use these principles with their athletes

Clifton Sport Psychology


Sports psychology

Key Mental Areas

Motivation

Anxiety

Team Cohesion

Clifton Sport Psychology


Sports psychology

Motivation

‘Motivation is a desire to achieve a goal, combined with the energy to work towards that goal’.

As coaches you firstly be motivated

Impossible to motivate others if you can’t motivate yourself

Clifton Sport Psychology


Sports psychology

Activity

A quick check of your Motivation

Ask the coach beside you

Why Did You Play Sports?

Why Do You Coach?

Clifton Sport Psychology


Sports psychology

Remember

Always remember….Players come to coaches already highly motivated

Therefore…

It’s your job to maintain your players’ natural motivation to play the sport

Clifton Sport Psychology

Like me tonight!!!!!


Sports psychology

How do we do it

Goal Setting Communicate

Feedback Music

New & Exciting Training Give Players Responsibility

Have Players of Week/ Man of Matches

Know your players

Clifton Sport Psychology


Sports psychology

  • GOAL SETTING

  • What to measure -performance profiling

  • When we set them-performance goals not outcome goals

  • challenging goals not easy ones

  • realistic goals

  • specific goals

  • short term not long term goals

  • goals assist performance attitude and motivation

    • . feedback on progress is important

  • players must accept goals


  • Sports psychology

    Performance Profiling

    With your players or fellow coaches

    list the important attributes of the game.

    Give the profile to the players

    Player rates where you feel you are (at

    this moment) on each attribute (1=not at all

    like me & 10= could not get any better).

    Clifton Sport Psychology


    Sports psychology

    Clifton Sport Psychology

    FEEDBACK

    The primary function of a coach is to somehow

    alter existing sporting behavior - could be a

    technique, tactics, skills or behaviour

    As coaches, you must make a conscious decision

    as to whether we will use a POSITIVE or

    NEGATIVE approach when you attempt to

    make these changes


    Sports psychology

    Using a Negative Approach

    (shouting, fear, negative

    feedback) to Change Behaviour

    Advantage

    It often works -- can eliminate undesirable

    behaviour. But only in the short run and only when we are present and only when we’re willingly to punish with exercise!!

    Clifton Sport Psychology

    Disadvantages

    Can be very unpleasant -- reduce

    enjoyment and MOTIVATION (may

    increase likelihood of athletes quitting the

    team)

    Increases ANXIETY (and error rate)

    Produces “fear of failure”



    Sports psychology

    Anxiety

    Clifton Sport Psychology

    Anxiety is a natural reaction

    to threats in the environment and part of the preparation for the ‘fight or flight’ response.

    It happens in Sport because:

    It can be a threat posed towards one’s ego/self esteem

    Demands of training or competition exceed one’s perceived ability

    It can be physically exhausting

    It places you against superior opponents Hostile fans might verbally abuse you the Elements may need to be overcome Your emotional frailties are constantly laid bare for all to see



    Sports psychology

    “Walking from the locker-room to the ring is the scariest feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”

    Gerald McClellan, former WBC super-middleweight champion


    Sports psychology

    Recognizing Symptoms of Arousal and State Anxiety feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”

    • Physical (somatic) symptons

      Profuse sweating, muscular tension, butterflies, dry mouth, blushing, nausea

    • Mental (cognitive) symptoms

      Confusion, poor concentration, fear, negative images, forgetfulness, indecision, feeling heavy, loss of confidence, negative self-talk

    • Behavioural symptoms

      Biting fingernails, inhibited posture, lethargic movements, going through the motions, playing safe, introversion, consistently better performance in non-evaluative situations


    Sports psychology

    Techniques to Solve feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”

    Anxiety

    Relaxation and Breathing Techniques (see GAA web)

    Routines

    Imagery (see GAA web)

    Self-Talk

    Clifton Sport Psychology


    Sports psychology

    ROUTINES feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”

    Post Match/ Half Time Team Talks - organised & worthwhile

    Player routines for games 2-3 hours before-Somatic

    Announce team days in advance/give players instructions-Cognitive

    Same warm up all before all games

    Routines in changing rooms Players aware of their job

    Posters of players-characteristics Captain to text players

    Presentation of jerseys

    Individuals work on pre-performance rituals

    Clifton Sport Psychology


    Sports psychology

    Self-Talk feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”

    The collection of thoughts or statements players make to themselves regarding their performance.

    They can be a very powerful tool effecting performance

    Athletes usually use them negatively-Inappropriate Negative

    Coaches should identify if athlete using Self Talk

    Change to –Appropriate Positive

    Examples ‘Watch the ball’- Concentration

    ‘Go for it’- Fighting Spirit

    ‘Relax’- Alleviate Fear and Choking

    Clifton Sport Psychology


    Sports psychology

    Examples of Negative feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”

    and Positive Self-Talk

    Clifton Sport Psychology

    The key is changing Negative to Positive


    Sports psychology

    TEAM feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”

    COHESION

    Team cohesion is commonly defined as a dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency of a group to remain united in the pursuit of its goals and objectives

    Q. What qualities, attributes, and characteristics does a team need?

    Q. Which ones does a successful team that other teams don’t?

    Clifton Sport Psychology


    Sports psychology

    Clifton Sport Psychology feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”


    Sports psychology

    • Thank-you for feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”

    • your time

    • Please take a card

    • I hope you have taken something from tonight

      • And remember to coach a very important lesson

    • NEVER GIVE UP

    Clifton Sport Psychology


    Sports psychology

    Clifton Sport Psychology feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling”