Hazing: The Impact . Dan Bureau Assistant Dean of Students University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. What I am and What I am not. Don’t love talking about hazing Have knowledge and have dealt with it quite often Not an expert on policy but I know where to look to find them
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Assistant Dean of Students
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
*Hazing is not simply about the particular activity—but the power dynamics operating within the group around the activity.
Any action taken or situation created, intentionally, whether on or off fraternity premises, to produce or causes mental or physical discomfort, embarrassment, harassment, or ridicule. Such activities may include but are not limited to the following: use of alcohol; paddling in any form; creation of excessive fatigue; physical and psychologicalshocks; quests, treasure hunts, scavenger hunts, road trips or any other such activities carried on outside or inside of the confines of the chapter house; kidnappings, whether by pledges or active members; wearing of public apparel which is conspicuous and not normally in good taste; engaging in public stunts and buffoonery; morally degrading or humiliating games and activities; and any other such activities that are not consistent with academic achievement, fraternal law, ritual or policy, or the regulations and policies of the educational institution, or applicable state law.
§ 720 ILCS 120/5. Hazing Sec. 5. Hazing. A person commits hazing who knowingly requires the performance of any act by a student or other person in a school, college, university, or other educational institution of this State, for the purpose of induction or admission into any group, organization, or society associated or connected with that institution if: (a) the act is not sanctioned or authorized by that educational institution; and (b) the act results in bodily harm to any person.
Activities defined as hazing are hazing activities; however, I often will use a spectrum to determine where activities fall
A B C D E
A type activities – things such as interviews, wearing the same t-shirt on a specific day of the week, cleaning the house
This does not mean that I think these are not hazing activities and you should always consult your state law, campus and headquarters policy.
Any of these instances would be investigated by me. I do think these types of activities can be preserved with some tweaking such as involving active members, not involving alcohol, and having the same expectations for all members to complete the task.
B – this would involve kidnappings/road trips, engaging in public stunts such as streaking, keeping pledges up late, pledge swaps, any activities from A could also be here depending on context and other credentials
A BC D E
These will always be interpreted as hazing activities but they are probably not likely to have a long term mental impact or cause physical harm. Intent is highly evaluated in this category.
Any of these instances would be investigated by me. Context and intent would be very important to evaluate as some of these could move to an A level though most could easily move to a C, D level when involving alcohol.
C – creation of excessive fatigue, anything that makes someone feel uncomfortable, anything that involves hitting, blindfolding, anything involving sexual connotations, restrictions on contact with individuals outside of the organization, anything that involves personal risk. Anything in A or B if it involves alcohol or drugs and requires pledges to do something risky or inappropriate to complete the task.
A BC D E
All of these are hazing activities that would assuredly result in a discipline hearing and sanctioning.
This is where the hazing becomes more severe and can be more harmful.
All of these could be a D or E depending on context. None of them would be a B or A in my opinion.
D – anything physical that results in injury, any activities that mentally degrade or humiliate individuals, any effort to intentionally injure another person, hitting (wood/paddling), forced consumption of alcohol, leaving people in the woods to find their way home, taking anything on A,B and C and using force, alcohol or other manner to jeopardize a person
A B CDE
All of these would result in some sort of probation and/or suspension of the organization.
E – alcohol consumption resulting in transport of individual; life placed in jeopardy. Anything that involves complete and utter humiliation of individuals. All physical hazing resulting in short-term or permanent damage to an individual.
A B C D E
These activities are unquestionably hazing. My recommendation would be removal from campus for a specified period of time.
What does your mission statement mean?
What purpose does it serve?
Share purposes of some of Greek organizations
As members of fraternities and sororities at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign,we are committed to ensuring our success as students and invested partners in ourorganizations through celebrating friendship, leadership, scholarship, service, and socialadvancement while appreciating the diversity of our member organizations.
“Three plead guilty to charges in alleged hazing death” PLATTSBURGH, N.Y.-- Three more members of the Phi Epsilon Chi fraternity pleaded guilty Monday to charges stemming from the death of a Plattsburgh State student who police say was forced to drink pitchers of water through a funnel while pledging.
“Student sues U. Toledo, sorority for hazing incident”A University of Toledo student is suing the Sigma Gamma Rho sorority and the university for $25,000 for injuries she said resulted from a hazing incident last March.
“Scholar alleges hazing by fraternity brothers”A Woodruff Scholar who was hospitalized and arrested after spring break for issues relating to bipolar disorder, has accused some of his Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity brothers of hazing him during last year’s pledge process, and drugging him and his girlfriend during spring break this year.
Emory University 2004
“Alcohol-related deaths at colleges this fall raise long-standing question for administrators - what can be done?”“It's a sad but recurring campus story: This autumn, students are again drinking themselves to death”
A national newspaper 2004
The Greek System Nationally Under Attack? (a.k.a. we’re doing dumb stuff and people are telling us to stop it)
There is no answer for what we are doing other than stopping it. Community Service and good grades mean jack when we’re killing people and putting them in jeopardy
Credibility happens when espoused values are congruent with actions. Leaders who state what they believe in are frequently asked to model those beliefs through their actions.
We are saying we do these amazing things…
We are being exposed for the things we don’t want to talk about that we do…
We wonder why we have no credibility with some people
Student organizations cite many "reasons" for hazing including: building character, fostering teamwork, forming a common bond among new members, proving loyalty, carrying on "tradition," testing endurance, and serving as a contrived rite of passage.
From http://tuintranet.tiffin.edu/sild/hazing.htm - Tiffin University in Ohio
3. Set mutual expectations for ALL members. You can have expectations for pledges/aspirants/new members but expectations should be the same for anyone. Ramifications for not meeting expectations should be the same for anyone.
4. Evaluate the actions your chapter takes when new members fail to meet acceptable expectations. If hazing is going on, then stop it. Create a culture where they will want to meet expectations, not one where they do so because they are afraid.
5. Always ask if there is something different that can be done to accomplish the same thing as hazing activities do. If you need help coming up with these activities, ask your national organization and your Greek Advisor.
6. Know the policies.
7. Remember the mission of your organization is not to break them down and recreate them but to take good people and make them better through the mission and values of your organization
8. If the only people who know and attempt to enforce your policies are your national organizations and your Greek Advisor, then they will always be the ones who hold you accountable. You don’t want this.
Councils should have a mechanism to hold their chapters responsible (honest conversation, secret warning)