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Good Friday. The origin of Good Friday Liturgy on Good Friday Reading Veneration of the cross Reception of the Communion The Way of the Cross Conclusion . Easter Triduum. Holy week is at the heart of the Christian experience . We discover once more who we are and who we belong to.

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Good Friday

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good friday
Good Friday
  • The origin of Good Friday
  • Liturgy on Good Friday
    • Reading
    • Veneration of the cross
    • Reception of the Communion
  • The Way of the Cross
  • Conclusion
easter triduum
Easter Triduum
  • Holy week is at the heart of the Christian experience.
  • We discover once more who we are and who we belong to.
  • We learn the meaning of life in professing our baptism faith once again.
easter triduum3
Easter Triduum
  • The keynote for this week is to celebrate the salvation of the human race through the victory of Jesus Christ.
  • Easter Triduum : the last three days of Holy Week:
    • Holy Thursday,
    • Good Friday,
    • Holy Saturday and Easter Sunday.
easter triduum4
Easter Triduum
  • In the first century the Church celebrated the Passover mystery in one day.
  • Gradually the Church separated it into three days:
    • table service on Holy Thursday
    • the wood of the cross on Good Friday
    • the vigil at the tomb on Holy Saturday, plus Easter Sunday
  • It did not separate the whole mystery but focused on each in turn.
good friday easter triduum
Good Friday --Easter Triduum
  • Celebrating the Lord’s Passover under the image of his life-giving on the cross.
  • No Mass celebrated today.
  • Fasting today.
good friday6
Good Friday
  • Completely bare altar.
  • Not a funeral for Jesus, but Christ triumphant through his death.
  • It is a glorious passion
  • Follows the pattern of the Jewish liturgy

of the synagogue.

  • The liturgy is in the ancient form:
    • listening to the Word,
    • veneration of the cross,
    • and reception of Communion reserved from Holy Thursday.
  • Suggested time for celebrating the liturgy is about 3 p.m.


Isaiah 52:13-53:12

Psalm 31

Hebrews 4:14 – 16; 5:7 – 9

John 18:1 - 19:42

first reading isaiah 52 13 53 12
First Reading -- Isaiah 52:13-53:12
  • The fourth song of “Servant of God”.
  • The text vividly portrayed the Servant’s suffering and ignominy.
  • Christ was innocent; his death was vicarious and redemptive and avails for all the human race.
responsorial psalm psalm 31
Responsorial Psalm-- Psalm 31
  • Response to the proclamation of Isaiah’s Christ.
  • Expresses psalmist’s confidence in God.
  • A thanksgiving song: “to trust in the Lord is the source of courage.”
second reading hebrews 4 14 16 5 7 9
Second Reading-- Hebrews 4:14 – 16; 5:7 – 9
  • Jesus as High Priest.
  • Jesus’ divinity and humanity.
  • Jesus experienced human suffering.
gospel john 18 1 19 42
Gospel-- John 18:1 - 19:42
  • Narrative of Jesus’ passion is short and less anecdotal compared with Synoptics.
  • significant theology:
    • Jesus’ obedience to the Father’s will.
    • He is the master of his own fate.
liturgy intercessions
Liturgy -- Intercessions
  • Part of the Roman Mass liturgy from ancient times.
  • Different form in the East to West.
  • There are ten intentions.
  • theological meaning: the faithful are transformed after listening the Word of God.
  • It also shows the Church’s care for the individual needs of her members
veneration of the cross
Veneration of the cross
  • Egeria, Spanish Lady, the fourth century traveller, brought this practice to Spain.
  • Roman ritual of veneration is similar to what Egeria saw, but it came directly from Jerusalem.
veneration of the cross15
Veneration of the cross
  • Only one cross should be used except for some pastoral reasons.
  • The wooden cross should not carry a corpus of the dead Christ.
  • The acclamation should clearly focus on the “wood” of the cross.
receiving the communion
Receiving the Communion
  • The reception of Communion on Good Friday was not practised at Rome until seventh century.
  • The whole Church fasted as the disciples did and with the whole of creation’s hunger for the salvation.
receiving the communion17
Receiving the Communion
  • In the Roman liturgy around the ninth century people received Communion.
  • Two species received in Communion:
    • consecrated bread and consecrated wine
receiving communion
Receiving Communion
  • The celebrant alone received Communion at Mass until the reform of the liturgy in 1955.
  • Some say the reception of Communion distracts from the theme of Good Friday which is centred on the wood of the cross.
the way of cross
The Way of Cross
  • There are fourteen stations.
  • Invented after the tenth century.
  • It commemorates Jesus’ passion in Jerusalem.
  • Mainly based on the gospel accounts and on local traditions in Jerusalem.
the way of cross20
The Way of Cross
  • Today’s Way of Cross evolved slowly out veneration of the holy places in Jerusalem.
  • From eleventh century great saints and mystics promoted veneration of the suffering and death of Jesus.
the way of cross21
The Way of Cross
  • In 1991 a new Way of the Cross was introduced based totally on the gospel accounts of the Passion of Jesus.
  • It begins with Last Supper and ends with the resurrection of Jesus.
  • Good Friday is a special day for celebrating God’s salvation when Jesus died on the cross.
  • It is focussed on the “wood” of the cross.