Surgical Asepsis. S urgical asepsis differs from medical asepsis. Medical asepsis is defined as any practice that helps reduce the number and spread of microorganisms. Surgical asepsis is defined as the complete removal of microorganisms and their spores from the surface of an object.
Surgical asepsis differs from medical asepsis. Medical asepsis is defined as any practice that helps reduce the number and spread of microorganisms. Surgical asepsis is defined as the complete removal of microorganisms and their spores from the surface of an object.
The practice of surgical asepsis begins with cleaning the object in question using the principles of medical asepsis followed by a sterilization process
Shoe covers must be placed over shoes to reduce contamination and to protect shoes from coming in contact with blood and body fluids.
Surgical Tech Duties
Your duties as a surgical technologist will be to always maintain a clean and sterile environment for the doctors and nurses to perform necessary surgeries properly. You will be in charge of scrubbing in and keeping instruments sterile and organized. You may be asked to assist by handing instruments to the physicians. You will also have to have knowledge of surgical machines, such as laser and suction machines. You will be in charge of prepping a patient before and after surgery. All of this you will learn in the classroom as well as hands on. Surgical technologists play a very important role in the operating room
For patients of operative or invasive procedures, the operating room nurse's jobs and duties will consist of education, preparation and coordination of patient care. O.R. or perioperative registered nurses are responsible for maintaining the sterile conditions in the operating room and monitoring patients during the operation. They are also responsible for continued care during and after the procedure
Physical methods of disinfecting are boiling in water and ultraviolet irradiation. Boiling may be used as a means of disinfection if no other method is available; however, many spores are able to resist the heat of boiling (212°F or 100°C) for many hours. To increase the effectiveness of boiling, sodium carbonate may be added to the water in quantity to make a 2% solution. If an object is to be disinfected by boiling and sodium carbonate is added to the water, it should be boiled for 15 minutes. If sodium carbonate is not added, boiling time should be 30 minutes.
If the sterility of an item is questionable, it is not to be considered sterile.
Once a sterile field has been prepared, it must not be left unattended as it may become contaminated and presumed to be sterile.
If one sterile person must pass another, they must pass back-to-back.
The radiographer is responsible for protecting himself and all persons in the OR and special procedure areas from radiation. He is also expected to be knowledgeable concerning the areas that are sterile. He must protect sterile areas and the patient from contamination in the process of his duties
The radiographer is responsible for making certain that any radiographic equipment used during a sterile procedure is clean and dust-free before use.
Overhead units must be cleaned with a disinfectant solution, and portable radiographic machines and image receptors to be used must be cleaned with a disinfectant solution.
If multiple images are to be taken, all personnel who are not scrubbed must leave the OR if at all possible. The scrubbed members of the team must wear protective radiation apparel. They may also step behind protective lead-lined screens.