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Shared Folders. Data. Users. User1 User2 User3 User4. Server. Introduction to Shared Folders. Shared Folders Give Users Centralized Access to Network Files A Folder Must Be Shared Before a User Can Connect to It Permission to Use a Shared Folder Is Assigned to Users and Groups.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Shared Folders

Data

Users

User1

User2

User3

User4

Server

  • Introduction to Shared Folders
  • Shared Folders Give Users Centralized Access to Network Files
  • A Folder Must Be Shared Before a User Can Connect to It
  • Permission to Use a Shared Folder Is Assigned to Users and Groups
shared folder permissions
Shared Folder Permissions

FullControl

Change

Read

how user and group permissions are applied

A

User1

FC

User1

Public

+

Everyone

+

R

User2

+

B

User1

R

User1

Public

+

Sales

+

User1

NA

User2

+

How User and Group Permissions Are Applied

User1

slide4

Guidelines for Sharing Folders

  • Use Intuitive Share Names
  • Use Names Readable by All Clients
  • Organize Disk Resources According to Security Needs
examples of shared folders

A

B

Apps

C

SW

App1

Apps

SW

App2

Apps

App1

App1

App2

App2

SW1

SW1

SW2

SW2

Examples of Shared Folders
slide6

Determine Which Groups Need Access to a Resource

Assign Permissions to Groups Instead of Users

Assign the Most Restrictive Permissions

Remove Default Permissions for a New Shared Folder

Guidelines for Assigning Permissions

guidelines for network application folders

Apps

Apps

Microsoft

Microsoft

Microsoft

Microsoft

Microsoft

Microsoft

App1

App1

Guidelines for Network Application Folders
  • Create and Share Common Folder for Applications
  • Assign Full Control to Administrators
  • Remove Full Control From Everyone and Assign Read to Users
  • Assign Change to Groups That Upgrade and Troubleshoot
guidelines for home folders on a fat volume

On a Network Server Create a Folder Named \Users

1

Create a Home Folder for Each User In \Users

2

Share Each Home Folder

3

Assign Only the Respective User Full Control

4

Do Not Share the \Users Folder

5

\Users

Shared

User1

User1

Shared

User2

User2

Guidelines for Home Folders on a FAT Volume
sharing folders

Group

Operating System Requirements

Administrators

Any computer running Windows NT

Server Operators

Windows NT Server domain controllers only

Power Users

Windows NT Server member servers and computers

running Windows NT Workstation

Share

Purpose

C$, D$, E$

The root of each volume is automatically shared

Admin$

The C:\Winnt folder is shared as Admin$

Sharing Folders
  • Requirements for Sharing a Folder
  • Using the Administrative Shares
slide10

(C:) Properties

Sharing

General

Tools

Not Shared

Shared As:

Share Name:

Apps

Comment:

Application files

User Limit:

New Share...

Maximum Allowed

Allow

Users

Remove Share

Permissions...

OK

Cancel

Apply

Sharing a Folder

Required

assigning share permissions

Access Through Share Permissions

Access Through Share:

Apps

Add Users and Groups

Owner:

Domains

List Names From:

Name:

Classroom1*

Names:

Users Read

Account Operators Members can administer domain user an

Administrators Full Control

Administrators Members can fully administer the comput

Backup Operators Members can bypass file security to bac

Domain Admins Designated administrators for the domain

Domain Admins Designated administrators for the domain

Domain Guests All domains guests

Everyone All Users

Guests Users granted guest access to the comp

Add

Show Users

Members...

Search...

Type of Access:

Read

Add Names:

Classroom\Apps Group

OK

Cancel

Add...

Type of Access:

Read

OK

Cancel

Help

Assigning Share Permissions
connecting to shared folders

Map Network Drive

Drive:

E:

OK

Path:

\\Instructor1\Public

Cancel

Classroom\Administrator

Connect As:

Help

Reconnect at Logon

Shared Directories:

Expand by Default

Run

DOMAIN1

STUDENT1

STUDENT2

STUDENT3

STUDENT1

Type the name of a program, folder, or document, and

Windows will open it for you.

Open:

\\Instructor1

Run in Separate Memory Space

OK

Cancel

Browse...

Connecting to Shared Folders
introduction to ntfs permissions

C

Suggestions

User1

R

User2

R

User3

R

Introduction to NTFS Permissions

NTFS Volume

  • Available Only on NTFS Volumes
  • Secure Folders and Files
  • Effective When a User Accesses the Resource:
    • Locally
    • Remotely

Server

User1

how ntfs permissions are applied
How NTFS Permissions Are Applied
  • Like Shared Folder Permissions
    • A user’s effective permissions are the combination of both the user and group permissions.
    • The No Access permission overrides all other permissions
  • File Permissions Override the Permission for the Folder
combining share permissions and ntfs permissions

R

Public

Public

File-A

FC

File-B

R

\\User2

User2

Combining Share Permissions and NTFS Permissions

Shared Folders

NTFS Volume

  • The Most Restrictive Permission Is the Effective Permission

Everyone

examples of combining ntfs and shared folder permissions

1

2

Sales Group

NTFS Volume

NTFS Volume

FC

R

Data

Users

User1

Sales

User1

Sales Group

FC

FC

HR

User2

User2

FC

Pub

User3

User3

FC

Examples of Combining NTFS and Shared Folder Permissions

Users Group

guidelines for assigning ntfs permissions

Remove Full Control Permission from the Everyone Group

Assign Full Control Permission to the Administrators Group

Assign Creator Owner Full Control to Data Folders

Educate Users to Assign NTFS Permissions to Their Files

Centralize Home Folders; Use the %Username% Variable

Guidelines for Assigning NTFS Permissions
home folders

Create a Central Folder Named Users

1

Share the Users Folder

2

Remove Full Control from Everyone; Assign it to Users

3

  • Use %Username% to Create Home Folders

4

Home Folders
assigning ntfs permissions
Assigning NTFS Permissions
  • Requirements to Assign NTFS Permissions
    • Owner
    • Full Control
    • Special Access: Change Permission or Take Ownership
  • Default NTFS Permissions
    • The Everyone group is automatically assigned Full Control
    • New files inherit the permissions of the folder where they are created
taking ownership of folders and files

Assigns Permission (O)

Takes Ownership

Owner

User

Takes Ownership

Owner

Administrator

Taking Ownership of Folders and Files
copying or moving folders and files

Copy

File-A=RWX

File-A=New Permissions

Move

File-A=RWX

File-A=RWX

Copying or Moving Folders and Files
examples of copying and moving folders and files

NTFS Volume

NTFS Volume

C:\

D:\

Users

FC

Data

Users Group

Move

R

Mary

File-A

3

2

File-A

Move

Public

C

Copy

1

Examples of Copying and Moving Folders and Files