Download
renewable energy sector in poland current political trends n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Renewable Energy Sector in Poland. Current Political Trends PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Renewable Energy Sector in Poland. Current Political Trends

Renewable Energy Sector in Poland. Current Political Trends

391 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Renewable Energy Sector in Poland. Current Political Trends

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Renewable Energy Sector in Poland. Current Political Trends Krzysztof Gierulski EC Baltic Renewable Energy Centre (EC BREC) “Renewable Energy in Poland – Technology, Market and Chances” , Gotz, 15.05.2002 Workshop of the Brandenburg Energy Technology Initiative

  2. Current use of RES and implementation of RET in Poland* • DILEMAS AND OPTIONS OF ENERGY SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN POLAND AFTER 1990 • “Assumption of energy policy up to 2010”, Ministry of Economy, 1995 • Fundamental guidelines in the energy policy • competitiveness • environmental protection • security of energy supplies • Energy options and priorities in the transition process: • Short-term options: • energy efficiency programmes • coal to gas • Longer term options: • renewables • nuclear? *Source EC BREC, 2000

  3. Current use of RES and implementation of RET in Poland* Type of Renewable EnergyInstallation Installed power [MW] Energy production* GWh TJ Small boilers utilising wood pieces, sawdust, shavings 5 000 - 80 000 CHP plants utilising waste from paper and furniture ind. 1 000 90 12 500 Automatic wood-fired heating plants 350 - 4 200 Small hydro-electric power stations 156 480 - Biogas plants (farm manure and sewage sludge) 40,4 72.5 250 Geothermal heating plants 26,8 - 147 Straw-fired heating plants 13 - 130 Landfill gas plants 9 30 72 Small and medium straw-fired boilers 7 - 49 Solar air type collectors 1,5 - 3 Solar water type collectors 5 - 15 Wind power grid plants (grid connected) 4 4 - Autonomous wind power plants 0,5 0.2 - Bioethanol as petrol admixture 3 800 TOTAL 6 611,7 676.7 101 166 GRAND TOTAL 104 261 Current use of RES in Poland* *Source EC BREC, 2000 *Source EC BREC, 2000

  4. Current use of RES and implementation of RET in Poland* Typical RES technology and installed capacity IRR [%] SPBT [years] Heat cost [PLZ/GJ Electricity cost [PLZ/kWh] Air-heating solar collector 45.1 1.8 20.2 Small manual wood-fired boiler 35.8 3.1 25.0 Small manual straw-fired boiler 30.9 2.6 20.2 Small hydro power station built on existing dam 11.2 4.1 0.23 Landfill gas installation for electricity generation 9.4 4.7 0.22 Water-heating solar collector 8.4 7.3 147.3 Municipal biogas plant - sewage sludge(CHP) 2.1 6.7 0.32 Straw-fired heating plant <0 7.6 29.1 Wood chip-fired heating plant 0 9.7 33.2 Wind power plant connected to grid 0 12 0.51 Small hydro-electric power station with new dam 0 14 0.55 Farm biogas plant utilising diluted liquid manure 0 14 57.1 Geothermal heating plant 0 20 61.8 Economic parameters of RES technologies *Source EC BREC, 2000

  5. Energy Policy„Assumptions of the Energy Policy up to 2020”, Ministry of Economy ‘2000

  6. Environmental policy 'The State Ecological Policy" approved by Parliament in 1991 "conditions will be created for utilisation of unconventional energy sources (geothermal energy, hydroelectric power plants as well as appliances utilising solar and wind energy and biogas).„ „The Second State Ecological Policy„prepared by the Ministry of the Environment - "the renewable energy sector in Poland should be developed in harmony with the EU policy in which the share of renewable energy sources in the fuel and energy balance is a few times greater than in Poland and which provides that the utilisation of renewable energy sources will have been doubled by the year 2010”

  7. Energy Act Energy Act, 1997 (amendments ‘2000) • Recommendation that local sources of energy should be recognised by the heat supply plan for the commune (local energy planning). • No licence is required for the production of fuels and energy below 1 MW (5 MWel’2000) • Energy Law stipulates that the Minister of Economy by an ordinance obligate energy companies to purchase energy from renewable sources Decree on the Minister of Economy on “electricity and heat feed-in law” ‘2000 Energy utilities dealing with trade of electric energy and/or heat are obliged to buy from national producers offered amount of electric energy and heat from renewable energy sources.

  8. Quotasfor RES Electricity share at suppliers, %, RES electricity feed-in-law, Ministry of Economy,15-12-2000

  9. Polish National Renewable Energy Strategy • In response to the Parliamentary Resolution from 8 July 1999, on 05.09.2000 the Council of Ministriesof Poland endorsed, and on 23.08.2001 the Parliament of Poland adopted strategic policy document, which outlines: • Strategic targets: • 7,5% in 2010 • 14% in 2020 • increase of the total energy production from RES by • 235 PJ (up to 340 PJ) • three RES electricity scenarios: • 7,5% of electricity from RES in the total electricity consumption • 9,0% of electricity from RES in the total electricity consumption • 12,5% of electricity from RES in the total electricity consumption

  10. RENEWABLE ENERGY STRATEGY

  11. RBLE ENERGY STRATEGY

  12. RENEWABLE ENERGY STRATEGY

  13. Public support needed to achieve targets – 7,5% of RES by 2010 • Scenario 7,5% RES E, - 14 508 M Polish Zloty including public support, 228 M PLN/year • Scenario 9,0% RES E - 15 262 M PLN including public support, 288 M PLN/year • Scenario 12,5% RES E – 19 103 M PLN including public support, 312 M PLN/year

  14. Current use of RES and implementation of RET in Poland* RES technology Levelised cost of reduction of GHG emissions , [PLZ/t] 1 Do it yourself air type solar collector -171 3 Water solar collector -50 4 Landfill gas installation for generation of electricity -14 5 Municipal biogas plant utilising sewage sludge (CHP) -3 6 Landfill gas installation for (CHP) 1 7 Straw-fired district heating plant 6 8 Wood chip-fired district heating plant 18 9 Wind power plant 22 10 Hydro-electric power station with new dam 40 11 Wood-fired boiler 46 12 Farm biogas plant 66 13 Straw-fired boiler 77 14 Geothermal heating plant 106 Cost of greenhouse gases – GHG (CO2 equivalent) emission reduction *Source EC BREC, 2000

  15. RES Policy in Poland – next steps • Sectorial development programmes • Wind Energy Development Programme 2002-2005 • Biomass Utilisation Programme 2003-2006; solar energy, liquid biofuels, geothermal • Legislative action • Act on Liquid Biofuels • Amendments to the Polish Energy Law • Act on Renewable Energy • Regional pilot initiatives

  16. EC Baltic Renewable Energy Centre (EC BREC) • Further Information available from EC BREC offices in Warsaw and Gdansk: • Ul. Rakowiecka 32, 02-532 Warsaw tel/fax (+48 22) 6466850, 6466854, e-mail: ecbrec@ibmer.waw.pl • Ul. Reduta Zbik 5, 80-761 Gdansk tel/fax (+48 58) 3015788, 3016636, e-mail: krzyg@ibmer.waw.pl • Internet: http://www.ibmer.waw.pl/ecbrec