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Writing an Argumentative Essay. Joanne Gittens, Ph.D. Science Education Lecturer Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre. CSC300 October 5, 2007. Writing Goals for an Argumentative Essay. Grab your readers attention State a clear thesis Identify your reasons for asserting your thesis

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writing an argumentative essay

Writing an Argumentative Essay

Joanne Gittens, Ph.D.

Science Education Lecturer

Robert Gillespie Academic Skills Centre

CSC300

October 5, 2007

writing goals for an argumentative essay
Writing Goals for an Argumentative Essay
  • Grab your readers attention
  • State a clear thesis
  • Identify your reasons for asserting your thesis
  • Provide strong evidence for your main points
  • Address your oppositions argument
  • Convince the reader that your position is valid
  • Make it easy for your reader to read
  • Cite your sources using APA
  • Prevent plagiarism
grab your readers attention

The introduction

Grab your readers attention

General Topic

Narrow Topic

Controlling Idea

Thesis

slide4
Ex.

General Topic:

Social Networking Websites

Narrowed Topic:

Facebook

Controlling Idea:

Security on Facebook

Thesis:

We must put an end to Facebook because it compromises personal, emotional, and financial security.

state a clear thesis
State a Clear Thesis
  • State your opinion to a controversial issue
  • Use words such as must, ought, or should
  • Include the main points you will discuss
  • Use a consistent style to present your main points

DON’T

“Announce” your subject

Ex. In this essay, I will discuss …..

I am going to prove …..

By the end of this essay you will agree …..

identify your reasons for asserting your thesis
Identify your reasons for asserting your thesis
  • Each reason becomes a main point for a paragraph
  • Research the literature and brainstorm to gather information to support your main points
  • Order your main points and organize your supporting material.
provide strong evidence for your main points
Provide strong evidence for your main points
  • Scholarly journals
  • Authorities or experts in the field
  • Well chosen examples

DON’T

Appeal to fear or make sweeping generalizations

address your oppositions argument
Address your oppositions argument
  • Point out the counter argument and answer the objections in advance
  • Expose flaws in your opposition’s reasoning of their own evidence.
  • Present the counter argument tactfully and fairly and then present your argument.
make it easy for your reader to read
Make it easy for your reader to read
  • Communicate your message as concisely as possible.
  • Contents of a paragraph must relate to a single main idea and support the thesis.
  • Provide logical transitions between sentences within a paragraph.
  • The last sentence of the paragraph brings the discussion to a close and provides a logical transition to the next paragraph.
  • The concluding paragraph summarizes or reinforces the main points of the thesis and ends with an appropriate memorable statement or a prediction.
slide11
Quiz
  • If I summarize an article and write the information in my own words, I don’t need to cite the information. (True/False)
  • It’s ok to copy and paste text from another source as long as I cite where I got it from. (True/False)
  • If I thought something before I read it in another source, I don’t need to reference the thought. (True/False)
  • I must insert a citation after every controversial point I make that is not my own. (True/False)
  • Copying an author’s method of presenting facts is not plagiarism. (True/False)
  • Every word I write is presumed to be my own unless I indicate otherwise. (True/False)
  • The reference list should include all the articles, books, etc., that I have read. (True/False)
  • I don’t need to reference tables, figures, pictures, audio, or videos taken from another source. (True/False)
  • I must ensure that the information I presented came from the source I chose to cite.
  • If I append a reference list, I still need to cite sources throughout my essay. True/False
cite your sources using apa author date
Cite your sources using APA(Author, Date)
  • Whenever you incorporate any type of information that is not your own.
  • Cite the Author and Date of your sources in-text, and append a complete list of your cited sources to your document.

http://www.apastyle.org/faqs.html#8

prevent plagiarism
Prevent plagiarism
  • Split-page note-taking
    • Key points relevant to your topic
    • Questions or comments to those points
  • Make a complete record of the citation
  • File your notes for easy retrieval
academic skills centre october workshops

Academic Skills Centre October Workshops

Essay Writing Workshops Held Every Monday Afternoon

Check the Academics Skills Centre Calendar for Details!