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Welcome. Defence Technology & Innovation Centre Weapons Integrated Technology Team CDE theme day. Countering Difficult Air Targets (C-DAT). Mr Robin Horne Maj Michelle Crawford Dr Philip Smith Mr Andrew Burles. PL 4 DTIC SO2 J3 Ops - Jt GBAD HQ Dstl Dstl. Today’s presenters. Agenda.

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defence technology innovation centre weapons integrated technology team cde theme day

Welcome

Defence Technology & Innovation CentreWeapons Integrated Technology TeamCDE theme day

Countering Difficult Air Targets (C-DAT)

today s presenters
Mr Robin Horne

Maj Michelle Crawford

Dr Philip Smith

Mr Andrew Burles

PL 4 DTIC

SO2 J3 Ops - Jt GBAD HQ

Dstl

Dstl

Today’s presenters
agenda
Agenda
  • Define objectives, scope, boundaries
agenda4
Agenda
  • Define objectives, scope, boundaries
  • Introduce C-DAT
agenda5
Agenda
  • Define objectives, scope, boundaries
  • Introduce C-DAT
  • Introduce current capability & operational perspective
agenda6
Agenda
  • Define objectives, scope, boundaries
  • Introduce C-DAT
  • Introduce current capability & operational perspective
  • Coffee
agenda7
Agenda
  • Define objectives, scope, boundaries
  • Introduce C-DAT
  • Introduce current capability & operational perspective
  • Coffee
  • Introduce Maritime perspective
agenda8
Agenda
  • Define objectives, scope, boundaries
  • Introduce C-DAT
  • Introduce current capability & operational perspective
  • Coffee
  • Introduce Maritime perspective
  • A glimpse into the future
agenda9
Agenda
  • Define objectives, scope, boundaries
  • Introduce C-DAT
  • Introduce current capability & operational perspective
  • Coffee
  • Introduce Maritime perspective
  • A glimpse into the future
  • Wash-up
agenda10
Agenda
  • Define objectives, scope, boundaries
  • Introduce C-DAT
  • Introduce current capability & operational perspective
  • Coffee
  • Introduce Maritime perspective
  • A glimpse into the future
  • Wash-up
  • How & what to submit
objective
Objective
  • Reduce or eliminate threat caused by difficult air targets
scope
Scope
  • We want to improve our ability to counter:
    • Rockets, artillery & mortars (C-RAM)
    • Tactical Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles
  • We are concerned about:
    • Non-state actors
    • Asymmetric/homemade threats
    • The proliferation of sophisticated kit
what is covered by this call
What is covered by this call
  • DRIT
    • Detection
    • Recognition
    • Identification
    • Track
  • Air Situational Awareness
  • Command and control
  • Dynamic Air Defence Resource Allocation
  • Deny enemy capability through
    • Interception (prior to firing)
    • Effectors (once in flight)
definitions ram
Definitions - RAM
  • Rockets Artillery & Mortars (RAM)
    • Indirect Fire weapons (IDF)
definitions tuav
Definitions - TUAV
  • Tactical Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles (TUAV)
    • Micro UAV
    • Mini UAV
    • MALE
non state threat ram
Non-State Threat - RAM
  • 240mm
  • Homemade 65MM
non state threat tuav
Non-State Threat – TUAV
  • Hezbollah UAVs over Lebanon/Israel
  • Hezbollah UAV post flight
slide25

Asymmetric – TUAV

Model aircraft

slide26

Asymmetric – TUAV

Model aircraft + GPS/Autopilot

slide27

Asymmetric – TUAV

Model aircraft + GPS/Autopilot + Payload = Threat

asymmetric light aircraft
Asymmetric – Light Aircraft

Tamil Tigers modified ZLIN 143

definitions threat credibility
Definitions – threat credibility
  • Threat credibility depends on:
    • Readiness to use
      • Practical readiness of the target weapons system
      • Political will
    • Ability to use
      • Detection capability
      • Targeting
      • Availability/capability/survivability of launch
    • Probability of encounter
      • May not be through direct confrontation with country of origin
future effectors
Future Effectors
  • Kinetic effectors:
    • Rapid integration onto platform
    • Improved Lethality at range
    • Ability to take out Difficult Air Targets
    • Reduced collateral damage
    • Low cost seeker trade-offs
    • Rapid system upgrade
    • Missile commonality
  • Non-Kinetic effectors:
    • Directed Energy Weapons
    • Soft-Kill
    • ?
kill chain
Kill chain
  • The kill chain is made up of a number of discrete events.
    • Each event has a time penalty:
      • Time to detect (Td) + Time to inform (Ti) + Time to launch (Tl) + Time to cue (Tc) + Time to kill (Tk)
    • Anything that can reduce these time penalties improves the chances of success
      • We need a networked whole kill chain approach to optimise response time and:
      • Integrate available ABAD, GBAD and MFAD assets
      • Maximise enabler system effectiveness
    • Ensure that we engage targets in effector probability-of-kill priority. Within this we need to improve, develop and integrate:
      • Air target ID and tracking concepts and technology
      • Air Situational Awareness
      • Command and control
      • Dynamic AD Resource Allocation
things to think about
Things to think about
  • Defeat or disrupt
  • Troops must want to use it
  • Cost of use V’s cost of threat
  • The target signature
  • Your signature
  • SWaP
  • Manning levels
  • Operational environment
things to think about35
Things to think about
  • Defeat or disrupt
  • Troops must want to use it
  • Cost of use V’s cost of threat
  • The target signature
  • Your signature
  • SWaP
  • Manning levels
  • Operational environment
bid hints
Bid hints

Reasonable GFA demands

Give tangible deliverables

Identify subcontractor relationship

Implications to exploitation route

Identify the innovation

Clearly identify IPR ownership

One step at a time