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RSSS 315 (Seventh Week). Slavic Folklore: Vampires and Werewolves. Basic information. Instructor: George Gutsche Teaching assistants: Kenny Cargill, Paula McCambridge [email protected] D2L; http://russian.arizona.edu/courses/vampires Office hours: T 11-12:30 or by appointment.

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rsss 315 seventh week

RSSS 315 (Seventh Week)

Slavic Folklore: Vampires and Werewolves

basic information
Basic information
  • Instructor: George Gutsche
  • Teaching assistants: Kenny Cargill, Paula McCambridge
  • [email protected]
  • D2L; http://russian.arizona.edu/courses/vampires
  • Office hours: T 11-12:30 or by appointment
nosferatu films german
Nosferatu films (German)
  • Murnau’s Symphony of Horror 1922
  • Herzog’s Nosferatu 1979
klaus kinski 1926 1991
Klaus Kinski 1926-1991
  • German-Polish heritage
  • Nosferatu: Phantom of the Night 1979
literature into film challenges
Literature into Film: Challenges
  • Background information
  • Imagery
  • Suggestiveness
  • Inner dialogue, monologue
quick review
Coppola film

Contamination?

Quick Review
  • Nobility vampires
varney the vampire
Varney the Vampire
  • 1845-47
  • 1000 pages
  • Each issue (200+ chapters) sold for a penny
joseph sheridan le fanu 1814 73
First published in Dark Blue, December, 1871 through March of 1872.

Some have said: "probably the best vampire story of all"

Diminished Gothic's emphasis on external sources of terror

Focus on the psychological effects

Lesbian theme would be productive in later fiction and film

Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu, 1814-73
observations
Observations
  • Negatives
    • Clumsy transitions
    • Forced, post-hoc explanations
  • Positives
    • Novel use of folklore
    • Dream descriptions
    • Laura-Carmilla relationship
gothic features
Gothic features
  • Mystery, gloom, fog, night, storm
  • Desolation, isolation
  • Animals: wolves, bats
  • Distant past (unforgotten): sense of nostalgia
  • Old castles, mansions, graveyards, churches (cobwebs, spiders)
  • Mysterious sounds (howling, flapping, scratching
  • Mysterious figures, secrets, threat of violence
  • Dark colors (black), blood, pale features
carmilla
Carmilla
  • Lesbianism
  • Setting on edge of Eastern Europe (part of Styria is in Slovenia today)
  • Influenced literature and films
    • Hammer's The Vampire Lovers (1970)
    • Carl Theodor Dreyer's Vampyr (1932)
    • Numerous others
daughters of darkness 1971
Daughters of Darkness (1971)
  • Another cult “classic”
  • Harry Kumel
  • Combines Carmilla and Bathory
carl dreyer s vampyr 1932
Carl Dreyer’s Vampyr (1932)
  • Famous expressionist film director (Danish; 1889-1968)
  • Evil presence, atmosphere
  • Two daughters, one “infected”
  • Reassuring male presence
bela lugosi 1882 1956
Really E European (Hungarian)

Theater background

1931 “hit” Dracula

Career swings

Sad ending

Bela Lugosi 1882-1956
general interpretations of werewolves
General interpretations of werewolves
  • Psychological
  • Sociological
  • Ideological
etymology and terminology
Etymology and Terminology
  • Man-wolf, Old English reasonable
  • Lycanthropy, Therienthropy
werewolf epidemics
Werewolf Epidemics
  • Peter Stubbe example
  • Le Gevaudan (France)
  • Loup-garou stories
folklore
Folklore
  • Variety of features
  • Variety of cultures
metaphors
Metaphors
  • The “beast” within
  • Man as animal
german very rich
German (very rich)
  • Kleinkrams werewolf
  • Greifswald werewolves
  • Kornwolf
  • Wolf wives
  • Brothers Grimm collection
east european
East European
  • Rusalki and samovily
  • Shapeshifters who lure men to their death
  • Croatian folk tale
wolfsbane
Poisonous

Buttercup family

Source of aconite

Also pain reliever (in proper dose)

Hallucinogenic effects

Wolfsbane
pentagram
Pentagram
  • Five pointed star
  • Witchcraft and werewolves
key facts
Key facts
  • Shallow or no graves
  • Bloating during decomposition
  • Fluids expelled during decay
  • Dead bodies make noises
  • Decomposition generates heat
  • Skin shrinks back
  • Corpses attract wolves
  • Puncturing is the best treatment for bloat
more on reality based vampires
More on Reality-Based Vampires
  • Perkowski’s Psychic vampires
  • Psychology of sucking, biting, thirsting, death and rebirth
    • Links with milk and blood
    • Oral sadism
    • Attraction, repulsion ambivalence
    • Projection: revenge of the dead
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