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Historical Geology – Principles III . Principles of Historical Geology III. Historical Geology – Principles III . Other Principles of Historical Geology. William "Strata" Smith Late 1700's obsessed English canal engineer. Bio@www.ucmp.berkeley.edu. Historical Geology – Principles III .

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Principles of historical geology iii l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Principles of Historical Geology III


Other principles of historical geology l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

William "Strata" Smith

Late 1700's

obsessed English

canal engineer

Bio@www.ucmp.berkeley.edu


Other principles of historical geology3 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

D

D

D

D

Principle of Fossil Succession:

1. Fossils occur in an orderly

and predictable fashion in

a vertical succession of rocks.

C

C

C

C

B

B

B

B

A

A

A


Other principles of historical geology4 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

D

D

D

D

Principle of Fossil Succession:

1. Fossils occur in an orderly

and predictable fashion in

a vertical succession of rocks.

C

C

C

C

B

B

B

B

A

A

A

No theory … just what you see!!!


Other principles of historical geology5 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

D

D

D

D

Principle of Fossil Succession:

2.Each stratigraphic level has

an unique assemblage

of fossils.

C

C

C

C

B

B

B

B

A

A

A


Other principles of historical geology6 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

D

D

D

D

Principle of Fossil Succession:

2.Each stratigraphic level has

an unique assemblage

of fossils.

C

C

C

C

B

B

B

B

A

A

A


Other principles of historical geology7 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

D

D

D

D

(6)

C

C

C

C

(5)

B

B

B

B

(4)

(3)

A

A

A

(2)

(1)

Other Principles of Historical Geology

Principle of Fossil Succession:

2.Each stratigraphic level has

an unique assemblage

of fossils.

AB Zone


Other principles of historical geology8 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

Principle of Fossil Succession:

3.Therefore, the same fossil assemblage

found in layers of rock from two locations

are:


Other principles of historical geology9 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

Principle of Fossil Succession:

3.Therefore, the same fossil assemblage

found in layers of rock from two locations

are: same position in sequence


Other principles of historical geology10 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

Fossil collecting at one locality

yields many specimens of:

CandD

but no others. What is your position?


Other principles of historical geology11 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

D

D

D

D

(6)

C

C

C

C

(5)

B

B

B

B

(4)

(3)

A

A

A

(2)

(1)

Other Principles of Historical Geology

Fossil collecting at one locality

yields many specimens of:

CandD

but no others. What is your position?

Zone 5


Other principles of historical geology12 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

Principle of Fossil Succession:

3.Therefore, the same fossil assemblage

found in layers of rock from two locations

are: same position in sequence

same position in Earth’s History


Other principles of historical geology13 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

D

D

D

D

(6)

C

C

C

C

(5)

B

B

B

B

(4)

(3)

A

A

A

(2)

(1)

Other Principles of Historical Geology

F

F

F

E

E

E

E

D

D

D

D

C

C

C

B

B

“new &

unknown”

“Home”


Other principles of historical geology14 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

D

D

D

D

(6)

C

C

C

C

(5)

B

B

B

B

(4)

(3)

A

A

A

(2)

(1)

Other Principles of Historical Geology

F

F

F

E

E

E

E

D

D

D

D

C

C

C

B

B

“new &

unknown”

“Home”


Other principles of historical geology15 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Other Principles of Historical Geology

Principle of Fossil Succession:allows for

Correlation: establishing lateral

equivalence of rock layers that were

once continuous.


The map that changed the world l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

The map that changed the world:

W. Smith

http://www.unh.edu/esci/greatmap.html

link to map


The map that changed the world17 l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

The map that changed the world:

W. Smith

The first geologic map

http://www.unh.edu/esci/greatmap.html

link to map



Review l.jpg

Historical Geology – Principles III

Review

Superposition

Original Horizontality

Original Lateral Continuity

Inclusion of Components

Cross Cutting Relationships

Uniformitarianism

Fossil Succession

Biological Evolution

Plate Tectonics