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Celtic Religion & Mythology Celtic 131 – Celtic Civilization I

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Celtic Religion & Mythology Celtic 131 – Celtic Civilization I. Celtic Religion & Mythology. I Interpretatio Romana II Local/Tribal Gods & Votive Offerings III Druids A. Caesar’s Description B. Calendar of Coligny C. Lindow Man IV Celtic Gods A. Polytheistic

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celtic religion mythology
Celtic Religion & Mythology

I Interpretatio Romana

II Local/Tribal Gods & Votive Offerings

III Druids

A. Caesar’s Description

B. Calendar of Coligny

C. Lindow Man

IV Celtic Gods

A. Polytheistic

B. Nature of Gods & Otherworld

C. Some Celtic Gods

D. Gundestrup Cauldron

slide6
e.g. the source of the Seine, 190 pieces of woodcarvings dating ca. 1st cent. AD & more than 20 complete statues
iv celtic gods c some celtic gods
IV Celtic GodsC. Some Celtic Gods
  • Cernunnos “the horned one”, Gaulish
    • Lord of the animals, god of the hunt perhaps
    • Almost always cross legged
    • Attributes – horns, torc (around neck/in hand), & serpent
iv celtic gods c some celtic gods cont d
IV Celtic GodsC. Some Celtic Gods cont’d
  • Taranis “the thunderer”, Gaulish
    • Depicted with wheel/spiral
  • Vulcan – the divine smith, Roman/Gaulish (Goibniu in Irish/ Gofannon in Welsh)
    • iron/metal-worker, magical properties
  • Teutates – “god of the tribe”, Gaulish
iv celtic gods c some celtic gods cont d14
IV Celtic GodsC. Some Celtic Gods cont’d
  • Epona – horse goddess, Gaulish (& Roman)
  • Matres/Matronae – Gaulish, perhaps divine earth-mother
    • Often depicted in group of 3 with images of fertility (baskets, babies, cornicopia)
    • Probably very old in origin
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