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The Islamic Empires. The Islamic Empires 1500-1800. The Islamic Empires 1500-1800. Three Islamic Empires dominate from southern Europe to Northern India from 1500-1800 Ottoman Empire (Southern Europe, Middle East, North Africa) Safavid Empire (Persia) Mughal Empire (Northern India).

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the islamic empires 1500 18003
The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Three Islamic Empires dominate from southern Europe to Northern India from 1500-1800
    • Ottoman Empire (Southern Europe, Middle East, North Africa)
    • Safavid Empire (Persia)
    • Mughal Empire (Northern India)
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • The Ottoman Empire (1289-1923)
    • Origins
    • Osman
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Expansion of Ottoman Empire
    • Mehmed II (r. 1451-1481)
    • Suleyman the Magnificent (1520-1566)
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • The Safavid Empire
    • Persia
    • Ismail
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Conflict between the Safavids and the Ottomans
    • Battle of Chaldiran (1514)
    • Consequences
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • The Mughal Empire
    • Brief History of India
    • Zahir al-Din Muhammad (Babur)
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Akbar (r. 1556-1605)
    • Established Mughal (“Mongol”) Dynasty
    • Expansion
    • Toleration
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Aurangzeb (r. 1659-1707)
    • Expansion
    • Differences from Akbar
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals
    • Based on military leadership of the ruler
    • Devotion to Islam
    • Based on nomadic traditions
    • Power struggles within families
    • Indirect influence of wives and concubines
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Economy of the Islamic Empires
    • Role of the Columbian exchange
    • Consequences
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Trade
    • Islamic empires were centers of trade
      • Ottoman Empire
      • Safavid Empire
      • Mughal Empire
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Religion
    • Religious Diversity
    • dhimmi
    • (jizya)
    • millet
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Culture
    • Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal rulers made their capitals centers of culture
      • Mosques and palaces dot Istanbul, Isfahan, and Delhi
      • Capitals were a reflection of the rulers’ tastes
      • Rulers hired architects and engineers and incorporated elements of culture
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Decline in the 18th century
    • Safavid,
    • Mughal Empire
    • Ottoman Empire
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Reasons for decline
    • Lack of leadership
    • Religious tensions
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Economic Problems
    • Ottoman Bureaucracy
    • Mughal Empire and British East India Company
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The Islamic Empires1500-1800
  • Decline in military technology
  • Cultural conservatism