The history of space travel
1 / 32

The History of Space Travel - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

The History of Space Travel (1957- 2006) The 1950s During the Cold War the USA and the USSR competed in everything from getting Gold medals in the Olympic Games to who would win the space race Sputnik (1957) The Russians were the first nation to put a satellite in space

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The History of Space Travel' - Olivia

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

The 1950s l.jpg
The 1950s

  • During the Cold War the USA and the USSR competed in everything from getting Gold medals in the Olympic Games to who would win the space race

Sputnik 1957 l.jpg
Sputnik (1957)

  • The Russians were the first nation to put a satellite in space

  • The Americans worried that nuclear weapons could be sent into space

  • It took 98 minutes to orbit the Earth

Laika l.jpg

  • Laika was a stray Russian dog

  • She was the first animal sent into space

  • Laika died a few hours into the flight from overheating

Sending Laika into space proved that animals could survive weightlessness and the launch

American monkeys in space l.jpg
American Monkeys in Space

  • Before Humans could be sent into space other animals were sent

  • Gordo the squirrel monkey survived his flight, but died (1958) when his parachute did not open

  • Able (top right (died the following month) and Baker (lived another 24 years) were the first animals to survive space flight

  • (Video)

Yuri gagarin l.jpg
Yuri Gagarin

  • In 1961 the USSR put the first man in space

  • The Soviet Cosmonaut orbited the Earth for 118 minutes at 17,000 mph

  • He was never allowed to fly again


The vostok 1 l.jpg
The Vostok 1

The Vostok 1 Capsule

The Launch

The first man on the moon l.jpg
The First Man on the Moon

  • The Russians put the first satellite, animal and man in space, the Americans had to be the first to put men on the moon

  • They launched on July 16th 1969 (600 million people watched)

  • Armstrong and Aldrin walked on the moon on 21st July (

  • They spent 21 hours on the moon, 2½ hours outside

  • They returned to the Earth on 24th July

Slide11 l.jpg

The Saturn V, the rocket that took the Apollo 11 mission to the moon. The rocket broke into 3 parts, one with fuel, the command module and the lunar module. Rockets only lasted for one mission, part of the Saturn V is still floating through space and part of it is at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean

Slide12 l.jpg

Buzz Aldrin poses for a picture, Neil Armstrong can be seen in his visor, taking the picture

Slide13 l.jpg

Buzz Aldrin stands beside the US flag seen in his visor, taking the picture

Slide15 l.jpg

The backgroundLunar module, the Eagle, returning to the command module the Columbia. The Earth and the moon can be seen in the background

Slide16 l.jpg

The backgroundColumbia crashed into the Pacific Ocean and the astronauts were rescued by American Navy frogmen

The Astronauts were quarantined for three weeks in case they had brought back some alien disease

The first pictures of mars l.jpg
The First Pictures of Mars background

  • The American Viking 1 (1976) space craft captured the images of the Red planet

It worked up until 1982 when NASA scientists made a mistake reprogramming the batteries

Voyager 1 and 2 1977 l.jpg
Voyager 1 and 2 (1977) background

  • These two spacecraft were sent into space in 1977

  • They were sent at a time when the planets were almost aligned (this speeded them up)

Saturn s rings 1980 l.jpg
Saturn’s Rings (1980) background

  • The Voyager 1 took photos of Saturn

  • Titan (one of Saturn’s moons) has an atmosphere

The space shuttle 1981 l.jpg
The Space Shuttle (1981) background

  • It replaced the Rocket because most of it was re-usable

  • There have been 5 Space shuttles;

  • Columbialaunched in 1981(destroyed 2003)

  • Challenger launched 1983 (exploded 1986)

  • Discovery launched 1984

  • Atlantis launched 1985

  • Endeavour launched 1992 (as a replacement for Challenger)

  • (How it works)

  • (Discovery take off 1988)

  • (Columbia’s Maiden launch)

Slide21 l.jpg

The backgroundSpace Shuttle Atlantis taking off at Sunset, this is why the top of the smoke plume is red

Discovery, December 2006

Voyager 2 passes uranus 1986 l.jpg
Voyager 2 passes Uranus (1986) background

  • A day was found to be 17 hours and 14 minutes long

  • A year on Uranus is 84 Earth Years

The challenger 1986 l.jpg
The Challenger (1986) background

  • (news reports)

  • 7 died as the Challenger exploded minutes after lift- off





  • It was the second Space shuttle

  • It exploded due to faulty O-rings

    and cold temperatures

Voyager 2 reaches neptune 1989 l.jpg
Voyager 2 reaches backgroundNeptune (1989)

  • It appears blue because of it’s Methane atmosphere


The hubble telescope 1990 l.jpg
The Hubble Telescope (1990) background

  • Can see objects 14 billion years ago

  • It had to be repaired in space in 1993

  • It has produced images of Stars being born and dying

Slide26 l.jpg

The backgroundEagle Nebula is 7,000 light years away

Slide27 l.jpg

The backgroundHorsehead nebula, 1,500 light years away

Slide28 l.jpg

The backgroundCat’s Eye Nebula, 3.3 kilo Light Years away

Columbia 2003 l.jpg
Columbia (2003) background

  • (BBC News Coverage)

  • The Space Shuttle Columbia burned up on re-entry to the Earths atmosphere

  • A ceramic heat tile has become loose on take-off

  • Seven astronauts were killed

  • Debris from the explosion landed in car parks, forests and even a dentist’s office

  • Columbia was launched 22 years ago as the first space shuttle

The columbia s re entry l.jpg
The Columbia’s Re-entry background

  • Ceramic tiles on the underside of the shuttle make a heatproof shield

  • Friction with air molecules heats the shuttle to 1,500°C