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Evidence Based Practices An Overview for non-EBP Pilot sites. March 2, 2007. A special presentation for Court Community Corrections March 2,2007. EBP – What is IT. Cognitative Behavioral Therapy “What Works” . March 2005. Effective Supervision Through Collaborative Models in Virginia

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Presentation Transcript
ebp what is it
EBP – What is IT
  • Cognitative Behavioral Therapy
  • “What Works”
march 2005
March 2005
  • Effective Supervision Through Collaborative Models in Virginia

DOC and DCJS administrators brought together the Directors and Chiefs from State Probation and Parole and local CCCA Probation from four pilot sites – Charlottesville, Lynchburg, Williamsburg and Winchester for the first time.

march 2005 continued
March 2005 (continued)
  • Presentation by

Faye Taxman, Ph.D. – UVa

Judith Sachwald – Director, Maryland Division of Probation and Parole

  • Tools of the Trade

A 100 page primer on EBP developed in

partnership between NIC, Maryland, Faye Taxman, Eric Shepardson, Univ. Of Md.

Download free from

www.nicic.org/pubs/2004/020095.pdf

new vocabulary
New Vocabulary
  • Officer Quality Contact Standards
  • Deportment
  • Case Plan – it’s not the same as

Probation Conditions!

  • Responsivity
criminogenic factors the big six
Criminogenic Factors – The Big Six
  • Anti-social values
  • Criminal peers
  • Low self control
  • Dysfunctional family ties
  • Substance abuse
  • Criminal personality
evidence based practice what does it mean
Evidence Based Practice - What does it mean?
  • It is NOT a program or a specific intervention
  • It IS an overall approach based on knowledge collected over time
  • EBP is also sometimes referred to as “What Works”
  • It means recognizing that not all programs are effective in changing behavior
risk who to target
RISK - Who to target ?
  • High Risk Offenders
  • Putting low risk offenders in highly structured programs often increases their failure rate
  • Placing low risk offenders with high risk offenders also increases the chances of failure for low risk offenders
  • Placing low risk offenders in residential programs disrupts their positive social networks such as employment, family, school, etc.
risk control vs risk reduction
Risk Control vs. Risk Reduction
  • The Tip of the Iceberg
risk control
Risk Control
  • The tip of the iceberg that is clearly visible is the part that corrections has always addressed: Behavior
  • We control risk by monitoring compliance with the court order and effectiveness is measured by how well we respond to and report violations.
risk reduction
Risk Reduction
  • EBP also addresses what lies beneath the surface and is not so easily identifiable: the Thinking Patterns that are behind the Behavior.
  • An assessment is a critical component of this process.
  • Effectiveness is measured by a reduction in criminal behavior.
assessment tools
Assessment Tools
  • Assessment tools are different for Pretrial and probation because they serve different purposes.
pretrial risk assessment vprai
Pretrial Risk Assessment: VPRAI
  • In Pretrial we want to provide verified information to the judge to assist with bail decisions and monitor defendants conditions of release for the purpose of assuring their appearance in court and the safety of the community pending trial.
local probation risk needs assessment m ost
Local Probation Risk/Needs Assessment : M-OST
  • In Local Probation we want to identify criminogenic needs and risk factors so we can focus our resources on high risk offenders and match them to the most appropriate and effective intervention services.
how can i get started
How Can I Get Started?
  • Review your agency’s mission statement
revising mission statements to reflect ebp principles
Revising Mission Statements to Reflect EBP Principles
  • MISSION STATEMENTS

Community Corrections

  • The mission of the Lynchburg Comprehensive Community Corrections Act (CCCA) Program is to provide the judicial system with community-based correction alternatives when sentencing offenders for jailable misdemeanors or non-violent felonies when those offenders may require less than incarceration in a local jail facility. Specific objectives of the Program are to:
    • Provide offender supervision and case planning consistent with the results of a risk/needs assessment. more effective protection of society and enhance offender accountability by monitoring compliance with court-ordered conditions of a suspended sentence.
community corrections mission statement cont d
Community Corrections Mission Statement Cont’d
  • To provide Facilitate increased opportunities for offenders to make restitution to the community and to victims of crime through financial reimbursement and community service.
  • To operate and Utilize effective interventions and treatment programs supported by evidence based practices to accomplish risk reduction objectives and local programs and services specifically designed to meet the rehabilitative needs of selected offenders.
community corrections mission statement cont d1
Community Corrections Mission Statement Cont’d
  • Provide swift and certain incentives and sanctions in response to offender behavior To develop appropriate community sanctions for certain offenders with the goal of increasing offender engagement and motivation and reducing the incidence of repeat offenders.
  • To Promote efficiency and economy in the delivery of correctional services while enhancing public safety and increasing offender accountability. by providing post-trial supervision of offenders serving a suspended sentence.
revising pretrial mission statements to reflect lebp principles
Revising Pretrial Mission Statements to Reflect LEBP Principles

Pretrial Services

  • The mission of the Pretrial Services Program is to contribute to the overall efficiency and effectiveness of the criminal justice system as it relates to adult defendants awaiting trial. Specific objectives of the Program are to:
    • Ensure public safety and enhance defendant accountability by providing supervision and monitoring of special conditions of release including drug/alcohol testing.
pretrial mission statement cont d
Pretrial Mission Statement Cont’d
  • Assist judicial officers and the Commonwealth’s Attorney at bail hearings by providing verified information on defendants held in jail awaiting trail in a court report and risk assessment instrument. and verification of a defendant’s criminal record, residence, employment and other relevant factors.
  • Reduce the likelihood of defendants failing to appear for court by tracking their court dates and notifying them of pending hearings.
pretrial mission statement cont d1
Pretrial Mission Statement Cont’d
  • Promote efficient and effective use of existing jail bed space while enhancing public safety by providing pretrial release recommendations for the supervision of defendants to persons released pending trial.
  • Provide the Court, Magistrate and Commonwealth’s Attorney with data on the behavior of pretrial defendants including reporting any new charges or other violations.
pretrial mission statement cont d2
Pretrial Mission Statement Cont’d
  • Provide the least restrictive supervision necessary to effectively monitor compliance with bail conditions with the goals of assuring court appearance and community safety.
  • Report violations of bail conditions, including any new arrests which indicate an increased risk of pretrial failure with a recommendation for modified bail conditions to mitigate the risk.
june 2006
June 2006
  • The 10 Directors on the EBP Committee, DCJS representatives Dan Catley, Paula Harpster, Ken Rose and Deanna Perez participated in a 2 day Strategic Planning Session with NIC consultants Mark Carey and Marie Van Nostrand
now what
Now What?
  • Determine who are your high risk offenders.
may 2006
May 2006

Choosing a Risk Assessment tool

for local probation

Pat Smith, Katie Green, and Deanna Perez visit Phoenix, Arizona and investigate the risk assessment tool developed by the Maricopa County Adult Probation Office.

criminogenic factors six key areas
Criminogenic Factors – Six Key Areas
  • Vocational/Financial
  • Family and Social Relationships
  • Alcohol
  • Drug Use
  • Attitude
  • Criminal Behavior
review of m ost items
Review of M-OST Items
  • What the M-OST tells us is that people who are:
    • Unemployed
what the m ost tells us is that people who
What the M-OST tells us is that people who
  • Don’t have a significant other;
what the m ost tells us is that people who1
What the M-OST tells us is that people who
  • Have gotten in trouble while using alcohol;
what the m ost tells us is that people who3
What the M-OST tells us is that people who
  • Don’t follow society’s basic rules;
what the m ost tells us is that people who4
What the M-OST tells us is that people who
  • Have multiple convictions, including prior felonies are a greater risk to

re-offend

slide37

Modified Offender Screening Tool (M-OST) Revised 1206 Client Name: _____________________________ Offense: ____________________________Date Administered: _______________________ Screener: ___________________________ SSN: ___________________________________

VOCATIONAL/FINANCIAL

To assess: the client’s current verifiable employment situation

What is your current employment status?

0 Stable employment/Disabled/Retired/Student/Financially secure – sufficient funds to meet needs

0 Stay at home parent/caregiver

1 Currently unemployed

1 Temporary and or seasonally employed

1 Paid under the table

1 Welfare/Public Assistance Score

Comments:

m ost
M-OST

INTIMATE/ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS

To assess: what best describes the client’s current most significant companion/romantic relationship

How would you describe your present significant/romantic relationship?

0 Strong, supportive, loving

1 Problematic – moderate to serious conflict (e.g. separation, pending divorce,

domestic violence or significant relationship problems)

1 Not currently in a relationship Score _____

Comments:

m ost1
M-OST

SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS

To assess: what best describes the client’s current peer and/or associate relationships

Who do you spend the most time with?

0 Positive peers

1 Negative peers, criminally oriented

1 No age appropriate non-romantic friends Score ______

Comments:

m ost2
M-OST

ALCOHOL (including present offense)

To assess: the number of alcohol related arrests

How many times were you arrested when you were under the influence of alcohol?

0 None or One

1 Two or More Score ______

Comments:

m ost3
M-OST

DRUG ABUSE (including present offense)

To assess: the effect drug use has had on client's lifestyle leading up to present offense

How would you describe your drug use one month prior to this offense?

0 No use

1 Any use Score ______

Comments:

m ost4
M-OST

ATTITUDE

To assess: if the client has attitudes that are non-conforming to societal norms

Tell me about your present offense? Your criminal history? What are your thoughts

about breaking the law? (Listen for: rationalizations and minimizations about criminal behavior, oppositional, defiance with authority…)

No, Prosocial

Yes, Antisocial Score

Comments:

m ost5
M-OST

CRIMINAL HISTORY

To assess: the client’s number of prior juvenile adjudications and adult convictions

How many prior juvenile adjudications and adult convictions do you have?

0 Zero – 2

1 3 or More Score

Comments:

CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR

To assess: the client’s number of previous felony convictions

How many previous felony convictions do you have?

0 None

1 1 or More Score

Comments:

m ost6
M-OST
  • TOTAL M-OST SCORE (Sum of all 8 items): __________
  • RISK LEVEL: SUPERVISION LEVEL:
  • 0–2 LOW ADMINISTRATIVE 0-2
  • 3-5 MEDIUM STANDARD 3-5
  • 6–8 HIGH COMPREHENSIVE 6-8
  • Comments: ____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________

  • Override Reason: ____________________________________________________________________________________
review of m ost items1
Review of M-OST Items
  • What the M-OST tells us is that people who are
    • Unemployed;
    • Have bad friends;
    • Don’t have a significant other;
    • Have gotten in trouble while using alcohol;
    • Are using drugs;
    • Don’t follow society’s basic rules; and
    • Have multiple convictions, including prior felonies are a greater risk to re-offend
low risk administrative supervision
Low Risk = Administrative Supervision
  • Oversupervising low risk probationers can result in bad outcomes
  • Placing low risk offenders with high risk offenders can result in bad outcomes
  • Oversupervising low risk offenders takes resources away from high risk offenders who need it most.
what is administrative supervision
What is Administrative Supervision?
  • Face to face intake
  • Criminal record at intake & prior to release
  • Home verification within 30 days
  • Quarterly collateral contacts per special conditions
  • Required telephone reporting by client of any changes
  • Verify completion of all special conditions prior to release
  • Release upon completion of required obligations
  • Notify client of closure
  • Follow standard case closure procedures
scores of 3 or higher result in an ost being administered
Scores of 3 or higher result in an OST being administered
  • The OST has 44 total items
  • Includes 14 static risk factors

Things that do not change such as criminal history or upbringing

  • Includes 30 dynamic risk factors

Things that may change over time such as employment and drug usage

risk categories in the ost
Criminal Behavior

Family/Social Relationships

Attitude

Vocational/Financial

Education

Alcohol History

Drug History

Mental Health

Residence/Neigh-borhood

Physical Health

Risk Categories in the OST
which are the top 3 categories related to risk
Which are the Top 3 Categories related to Risk?
  • Criminal Behavior
  • Family and Social Relationships
  • Attitude
the ost will identify risks and needs
The OST will identify risks and needs
  • Use information obtained from the OST to help with Case Planning
what is motivational interviewing and do i need it
What is Motivational Interviewing and do I need it?
  • It is a method of conversation that allows the person to see himself as he is and discover what is working or not working for him and what he wants to change.
  • YES
motivational interviewing mi is a skill set that can be learned through practice
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a skill set that can be learned through practice.

The basic tenants of MI are:

  • Asking open-ended questions
  • Reflective Listening
  • Affirmations
  • Summarizing
  • Eliciting self-motivating statements
layers of reflective listening
Layers of Reflective Listening
  • Repeating – simply repeat what was said
  • Rephrasing – repeat with some substitution of synonyms
  • Paraphrasing – the listener makes a statement & infers the meaning of what was said. Can be used for clarifying
  • Reflections of Feelings – repeats what was said with an additional statementshowing understanding of emotional dimensions
stages of change six again
Stages of Change – six again
  • Pre-contemplation
  • Contemplation
  • Determination
  • Action
  • Maintenance
  • Relapse
treatment how to target risk need factors
TREATMENTHow to target risk & need factors?
  • Most effective programs are behavioral in nature and include the following:
    • Focus on present circumstances
    • Solution or action-oriented, as opposed to talk oriented
    • Teach offenders new pro-social skills to replace anti-social behaviors
    • Set specific measurable goals
what else can i do right now
What else can I do right now?
  • Identify potential incentives to reinforce positive changes.
remember the 4 to 1 rule
Remember the 4 to 1 rule!
  • Whenever giving feedback to try to say 4 positive things for every 1 negative.