Ethical Issues of HIV and AIDS in Health Care. Presented by Yu-Fen Lin . HIV & AIDS. HIV H uman I mmunodeficiency V irus AIDS A cquired I mmune Deficiency S yndrome. The legal definition of AIDS.
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
“Telling friends I’m HIV positive is not the same as telling them I’m gay”—double coming out, the first closet and the second closet
Decisions whether to disclose the diagnosis in the workplace.
e.g., “Somehow a check-out person at a local grocery store found out I had AIDS and started wearing latex gloves every time she waited on me. I called their legal department and informed them that this needed to stop or I would sue them”
e.g., “Medicare doesn’t pay for my prescriptions anymore.”
e.g., “My old job as a nursing assistant was too high risk, so I had to leave.”
e.g., “Work had always been important to me and it really hit me all at once that I wasn’t able to do it anymore.”
e.g., “A lot of times I’m not in the mood to talk with the doctors in the clinic. They don’t listen and they are very clinical.”
e.g., “I had a very bad reaction to the drug I was taking and had to go back into the hospital”
the relative risk of suicide in men with AIDS aged 20-59 years was 36.30 times…that of men aged 20-59 years without this diagnosis. (New York City, 1988)
5. Consider the potential consequences of
all options and determine a cause of
6. Evaluate the selected course of action.
7. Implement the course of action.
Especially when illegal treatment in the workplace takes place, counselors advocate for clients who have encountered discrimination
Bartlett, J.G. (1991). The Guide to Living with HIV Infection, Baltimore: The John Hopkins Press.
Forester-Miller, H. & Davis, T. (1996). A
practitioner’s guide to ethical decision making., http://aca.convio.net/site/PageServer?pagename=resources_prac_guide
Gaughan, D.M. (2004). Psychiatric Hospitalizations Among Children and Youths with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection.Pediatrics, vol.113, e544-e551.
Hunt, B., Jaques, J., Niles. S. G., & Wierzalis E. (2003). Career concern for people living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Counseling & Development, 81, 55-81.
Klitzman, R. (1997). Being Positive. Chicago: Ivan R.
Pope, K.S. () New Research, Ethical Responsibilities, Evolving Legal Frameworks & Published Resources., http://kspope.com/ethics/aids-hiv.php