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Supporting the Reading Lives of Children and Teens. Doug Fisher, PhD dfisher@mail.sdsu.edu Nancy Frey, PhD nfrey@mail.sdsu.edu. Many people think that the brain reads this way . . . . But we know better. Pyramid of Reading Behaviors. Behavioral. Cognitive Perceptual/Motor.

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doug fisher phd dfisher@mail sdsu edu nancy frey phd nfrey@mail sdsu edu

Supporting the Reading Lives

of Children and Teens

Doug Fisher, PhD

dfisher@mail.sdsu.edu

Nancy Frey, PhD

nfrey@mail.sdsu.edu

pyramid of reading behaviors
Pyramid of Reading Behaviors

Behavioral

Cognitive

Perceptual/Motor

Neural structures

Neurons and circuits

Genetic Foundation

Wolf, 2007

pyramid of reading behaviors7
Pyramid of Reading Behaviors

Behavioral

Cognitive

Perceptual/Motor

Unlike language,

reading has no specific genes

to set up its circuitry or to dictate

its development.

Neural structures

Neurons and circuits

Genetic Foundation

Wolf, 2007

slide8

It took the species 2000 years of insights to develop an alphabetic system. A child is given 2000 days to gain the same insights. --Maryanne Wolf

pyramid of reading behaviors9
Pyramid of Reading Behaviors

Area of Influence

Behavioral

Cognitive

Perceptual/Motor

Neural structures

Neurons and circuits

Genetic Foundation

Wolf, 2007

what does it mean to know a word
What does it mean to know a word?
  • Word knowledge is multidimensional
  • Involves recognizing many aspects of a word:
    • syntactic
    • morphological
    • pragmatic
    • relation to other words
    • different meanings in different contexts
  • Nagy & Scott, 2000
the more you know about a word word

Morphological

processes

Syntactic

processes

Phonological processes

Orthographic processes

Semantic processes

The more you know about a word…word…

...the faster you will read and comprehend that word.

Wolf, 2007

rich semantic knowledge semantic neighborhood
Rich Semantic Knowledge: Semantic Neighborhood

bites

mane

king of

jungle

roars

big

animal

eats

antelopes

furry

Leo

4 legs

lion

zodiac

green

lives in…

zoo

Lion

King

sour

famous

lions

citrus

Africa

jungle

fruit

limeade

Wizard of Oz

Narnia

good in food and drinks

lime

key lime pie

Wolf, 2007

slide13

Partnering with School

for Reading Success

build background knowledge through rich experiences
Build background knowledge through rich experiences
  • Day trips to museums, historical sites, zoos, and other local interests
  • Spend time in different biomes (beach, desert, mountains, plains)
  • Read about locations before you go
  • Ask your child to chronicle the outing
  • Discuss and write about what you saw after you return
read in front of your child
Read in front of your child
  • Make reading an important and visible part of what you do to locate information, to support your own learning, and for enjoyment
  • Show them how you use literacy in your professional life
read and write with your child
Read and write with your child
  • Read and discuss texts together
  • Family book club
  • Take turns reading to one another
  • Let them choose what you’ll read together
  • Compose lists, letters, email messages, social networking status updates
encourage your child to read to you and write for you
Encourage your child to read to you and write for you…
  • Read to younger siblings
  • Read to the family pet
  • Write emails to relatives
  • Write messages, notes, and lists for family members
  • Compose holiday letters
build comprehension with 21st century literacy in mind
Build comprehension with 21st century literacy in mind
  • Tell them what you’re thinking about when you watch a show
  • Pause the video to discuss predictions
  • Compare and contrast the book and the movie
  • Elicit opinions and ask for evidence
  • Select and listen to podcasts together
  • Create multimedia productions for the family (www.voicethread.com)
talk to your child s teacher about reading instruction
Talk to your child’s teacher about reading instruction
  • Ask about the topics students are learning in class
  • You are the keeper of your child’s history: Share successful strategies with the teacher
  • Ask about the kinds of supports and instruction your child receives at school
  • Volunteer time and resources to the school