Sleeping Disorders Sleeping Disorders
Definition Sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. Polysomnography is a test commonly ordered for some sleep disorders.
Common Sleep Disorders Primary insomnia: Chronic difficulty in falling asleep and/or maintaining sleep when no other cause is found for these symptoms. Bruxism: Involuntarily grinding or clenching of the teeth while sleeping. Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS): inability to awaken and fall asleep at socially acceptable times but no problem with sleep maintenance, a disorder of circadian rhythms. (Other such disorders are advanced sleep phase syndrome (ASPS), non-24-hour sleep-wake syndrome (Non-24), and irregular sleep wake rhythm, all much less common than DSPS, as well as the transient jet lag and shift work sleep disorder.) Hypopnea syndrome: Abnormally shallow breathing or slow respiratory rate while sleeping.
Types of Sleep Disorders Dyssomnias: A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnia or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic , extrinsic, and disturbances of circadian rhythm. Insomnia: Insomnia is often a symptom of a mood disorder or underlying health condition. Primary hypersomnia: Hypersomnia of central or brain origin. Narcolepsy: A chronic neurological disorder, which is caused by the brain's inability to control sleep and wakefulness.
Signs and Symptoms of Sleep disorders • Difficulty falling asleep at night or getting back to sleep after waking during the night • Waking up frequently during the night • Your sleep feels light, fragmented, or exhausting • You need to take something (sleeping pills, nightcap, supplements) in order to get to sleep • Sleepiness and low energy during the day