slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Socio-economic Factors Affecting the Role that Nurseries Play in Efficient Forest Industry Development in Leyte, Phi PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Socio-economic Factors Affecting the Role that Nurseries Play in Efficient Forest Industry Development in Leyte, Phi

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 35

The Socio-economic Factors Affecting the Role that Nurseries Play in Efficient Forest Industry Development in Leyte, Phi - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 538 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Socio-economic Factors Affecting the Role that Nurseries Play in Efficient Forest Industry Development in Leyte, Philippines Nestor Gregorio Research Student University of Queensland, Australia Supervisors : Dr John Herbohn Assoc Prof Steve Harrison

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Socio-economic Factors Affecting the Role that Nurseries Play in Efficient Forest Industry Development in Leyte, Phi' - MikeCarlo


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
The Socio-economic Factors Affecting the Role that Nurseries Play in Efficient Forest Industry Development in Leyte, Philippines

Nestor Gregorio

Research Student

University of Queensland, Australia

Supervisors:Dr John Herbohn

Assoc Prof Steve Harrison

slide5
total land area of 30 M ha; 6.2 M ha forest (dipterocarp 3.4 M ha, old growth 0.81 M ha; residual forest 2.7 M ha)
  • 7107 islands; 860 are

permanently inhabited by

77 M people; 20 M people

are farming inside the forest

slide6
Paradigm shift in forest management

Pure plantation of A. mangium

Mix plantation of trees (E.deglupta and A. mangium) and agricultural crops (banana and pineapple)

Industrial forestry

Small-scale forestry

the umbrella project
The Umbrella Project
  • ACIAR Smallholder Forestry Project: “Redevelopment of Timber Industry Following Extensive Land Clearing”
  • Aim: To examine the requirements and opportunities to address

the slow uptake of small-scale forestry in Leyte, Philippines

major constraints in promoting smallholder forestry
Major constraints in promoting smallholder forestry
  • Unavailability of planting

stocks

  • Use of low quality

germplasm

  • Improper site and species

combination

research aim
Research Aim
  • To investigate the role that nurseries could play in promoting the uptake of small-scale forestry in the province of Leyte
objectives
Objectives
  • Identify and investigate the limiting factors on the access of smallholders to sufficient quantity of high quality planting stocks and use of site-species matching information
  • Identify the potential support schemes that will effectively overcome the constraints on scarcity of high quality planting stocks and poor site-species combination
slide11
Investigate the potential role of nurseries in extending the possible intervention measures
  • Develop a structured methodology for designing a nursery-based support system to improve the pace of adoption of small-scale forestry in Leyte and other regions of the country
data collection and processing
Data Collection and Processing
  • Field survey on the nursery sector in Leyte province

- personal interview, focus group discussion, use of archives and direct observation

  • financial capacity and resources
  • technical skills on nursery management
slide13
relevant knowledge on site-species matching
  • attitude towards various tree species
  • species selection and species raised
  • germplasm sources, flow and distribution mechanisms
slide14
constraints in nursery operation
  • available support programs and implementation schemes
  • assessment on nursery set-up and quality of planting stocks
slide15
Sample selection
  • census of nursery operators
  • purposive and snowball approach

- started from municipalities with tree planting projects/activities

slide16
Data organisation and analysis
  • use of SPSS
  • modeling of the nursery system through SIMILE modeling environment
  • Designing of nursery-based potential intervention measures
initial findings
Initial Findings
  • Covered 23 out of 41 municipalities
slide18
Interviewed 74 nursery operators :
  • 37 private individuals
  • 22 people organizations
  • 15 from government agencies (DENR, DA, PNOC, LSU)
reasons
Reasons. . .
  • Low sales/less demand of planting stocks
  • No available germplasm of preferred species
  • Financial constraint
  • Area has been fully planted
  • Disintegration of community groups
purpose of raising planting stocks
Purpose of raising planting stocks
  • Individual nurseries: sale (49%)

personal use (49%)

free distribution (2%)

  • Communal nurseries: communal use (73%)

sale (18%)

free distribution (2%)

  • Government nurseries: free distribution (100%)
origin of the nursery
Origin of the nursery
  • Individual: operator-initiated (72%)

project-initiated (18%)

  • Communal: project-initiated (75%)

operator-initiated (25%)

  • Government: thrust of the agency (100%)
species selection
Species selection
  • Largely depends on the available germplasm
  • Exotic species are favored over indigenous
  • Lack of knowledge on site-species matching
germplasm sources
Germplasm sources
  • Unselected seed stands and naturally growing trees on the farm, along the road and school grounds
  • Seeds are preferred but wildlings are mostly used
  • Poor practice of germplasm collection
nursery technical skills
Nursery technical skills
  • Lack of knowledge on appropriate nursery cultural practices
  • difficulty in germinating seeds

e.g. Eucalypts

  • poor potting medium e.g. clay and acidic
  • lack of knowledge on identification and

control of pests and diseases

slide29
Low quality of planting stocks in all nursery types
  • lanky or etiolated seedlings
  • low or imbalanced

root-shoot ratio

  • root deformation

i.e. J-rooting and

root coiling

slide30
Inefficient seedling distribution scheme of the government
    • problem on transporting seedlings, distance of the nursery
    • seedling distribution scheme favored the better-off recipients
    • inadequate advertisement of the program
    • species raised did not always match the demand of the landholders
policy implications
Policy Implications
  • The forest nursery industry in the province of Leyte is not well established
    • planting stock distribution program of the government is inefficient
    • seedling demands by landholders is mostly catered by the small-scale nurseries
slide32
Support is needed for small-scale nurseries
    • improve viability of private and community nurseries
      • provide information about availability of seedlings to potential buyers
      • contract production with the government
slide33
provision of technical information on nursery practices and site-species matching
    • accreditation to ensure minimum standards
    • could be through government nurseries or small-scale nurseries currently servicing landholders
slide34
Facilitate access to germplasm
    • establishment of seed orchards and seed production areas
    • survey and identification of existing potential mother trees
    • formation of farmer-based tree seed centres
slide35

The End

Thank you!