THE BATTLE HYMN OF REPUBLIC • Popular anthem in African Americans’ struggle for freedom. • Was sung at the March on Washington.
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT • The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is one of the strongest civil rights laws in the history of the United States. • This law bans discrimination due to a person’s color, race, national origin, religion, or sex. • It protects the rights of all people in seeking a job or home, voting, and in using hotels, parks, and other public places.
SCHOOL INTEGRATION • Alex Wilson is kicked by a school integration protester after refusing to run from a mob near Little Rock Central High.
FROM SELMA TO MONTGOMERY • Martin Luther King, Jr. led the civil rights marchers from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. • At the time of the march, half of Selma’s population was black, yet only 3 percent were registered to vote.
FIRST MARCH FROM SELMA • Alabama police attack Selma-to-Montgomery marchers. • March 7,1965 • John Lewis was key organizer of the march.
MARCH ON WASHINGTON • Marchers marching on August 28, 1963. • The slogan of the March on Washington was “Jobs and Freedom.” • Late in the afternoon, Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered one of the most famous speeches in American history entitled, “I Have a Dream.”
FREEDOM RIDERS Ronald Martin, Robert Patterson, and Mark Martin stage sit-down strike after being refused service at an F.W. Woolworth luncheon counter, Greensboro, N.C. 1960.
LUNCH COUNTER SIT-INS • The Greensboro sit-in set in motion a wave of nonviolent sit-ins that reached every major city in the country, but sit-ins provoked strong reactions from whites. Most were met with heavy resistance resulting in serious injuries, riots, and in some instances, the arrest of demonstrators.
VOTING RIGHTS • Mississippi, 1964.Voter registration worker George Ball explains how to VOTE to a mother of three in the family's living room.
THE WATTS RIOT Three buildings burn on Avalon Blvd. and a surplus store burns at right as a looting, burning mob ruled the Watts section of Los Angeles.
Free at last, free at last, I thank God I’m free at last. Free at last, free at last. I thank God I’m free at last. Lines quoted from the song “Free at Last” asMartin Luther King Jr., ended his rousing keynote address to a crowd that had swelled to over 240,00 people.