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Plural Rules Part One. By Brian Carruthers. Plural Rule 1. Most words add ‘s’ t o make the plural. one apple two apple s desk → desk s month → month s book → book s train → train s pen → pen s name → name s shop → shop s friend → friend s

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plural rules part one

Plural Rules Part One

By

Brian Carruthers

plural rule 1
Plural Rule 1
  • Most words add ‘s’ to make the plural.
  • one apple two apples
  • desk → desks month → months
  • book → books train → trains
  • pen → pens name → names
  • shop → shops friend → friends
  • chair → chairs teacher →teachers
try these
pencil →

road →

flower →

girl →

plant →

window →

door →

cake →

banana →

shoe →

Try these…
plural rule 2
Plural Rule 2
  • Add ‘es’ to words ending in ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘s’, ‘ss’,‘x’ or ‘z’ to make the plural.
  • one box many boxes
  • wish → wishes beach → beaches
  • cross → crosses waltz → waltzes
  • bus → buseschurch → churches
  • dish → dishes loss → losses
  • fox → foxes bunch → bunches
try these5
quiz →

pitch →

wax →

class →

gas →

glass →

dress →

bush →

hutch →

watch →

Try these…
plural rule 3
Plural Rule 3
  • When the letter before a ‘y’is a consonant, change the ‘y’ to an ‘i’ before adding an ‘es’.
  • one baby two babies
  • city → citiesberry → berries
  • pony → ponies family → families
  • reply → replieslady → ladies
try these7
daisy →

ferry →

army →

party →

fly →

diary →

cherry →

belly →

jelly →

filly →

Try these…
plural rule 4
Plural Rule 4
  • When words end in ‘ay’, ‘ey’, ‘iy’, ’oy’, and ‘uy’ add an ‘s’ to make the plural.
  • one donkey two donkeys
  • day → daysboy → boys
  • key → keysdelay → delays
  • play →plays guy → guys
try these9
quay →

valley →

tray →

pulley →

toy →

monkey →

trolley →

buoy →

relay →

holiday →

Try these
plural rule 5
Plural Rule 5
  • When words end in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ change the ‘f’ or ‘fe’ to a ‘v’ before adding ‘es’.
  • one knife two knives
  • leaf → leaves life → lives
  • half → halves hoof → hooves
  • wife → wives thief → thieves
try these11
Try these
  • wolf →
  • elf →
  • loaf →
  • self →
  • calf →
  • shelf →
  • Exceptions → cliffs, chiefs, roofs, dwarfs and handkerchiefs.
plural rule 6
Plural Rule 6
  • When a word ends in an ‘o’ and comes after a consonant, add ‘es’ to make theplural.
  • one tomato two tomatoes
  • cargo → cargoes mango → mangoes
  • echo → echoes hero → heroes
  • volcano →volcanoes torpedo→ torpedoes
try these13
Try these
  • potato →
  • avocado →
  • mosquito →
  • domino →
  • buffalo →
  • dingo →
  • Exceptions → pianos, banjos, solos, radios and Eskimos.
plural rules 7
Plural Rules 7
  • Sometimes a word may completely change its form when a plural is made.
  • one child two children
  • person →people goose → geese
  • man → men woman → women
  • cactus →cacti fungus → fungi
try these15
tooth →

dice →

foot →

mouse →

nucleus →

criterion →

Try these
plural rule 8
Plural Rule 8
  • Sometimes a word may stay the same in both its singular and plural form.
  • one fish many fish
  • tuna → tuna trout → trout
  • deer → deer sheep → sheep
  • moose moose series → series
try these17
aircraft →

species →

offspring →

salmon →

bream →

perch →

Try these
recap and consolidation
Recap and Consolidation
  • The easiest way to learn how to spell a word is to practice! Practice! Practice!
  • Spelling rules are helpful but practice makes perfect.
  • Once you learn how to spell a word you will not forget how to spell it as long as you practice! Practice! Practice!