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A merit badge workshop presented by  Constitution Week USA www.ConstitutionWeek.com. Citizenship in the World. German Citizenship. Rights Property Freedom of speech, with footnote against denial of Nazi war crimes German Social Security System

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citizenship in the world

A merit badge workshop presented by

 Constitution Week USA

www.ConstitutionWeek.com

Citizenship in the World

german citizenship

German Citizenship

Rights

Property

Freedom of speech, with footnote against denial of Nazi war crimes

German Social Security System

unemployment, health, pension, sickness, carer's insurance, maternity benefits, child allowances

german citizenship6

German Citizenship

Duties

Stay righteous

Learn about the German Government and the European Union

Vote

german citizenship7

German Citizenship

Obligations

Obey German laws

Obey European Union laws

Conscription

Pay taxes

cuban citizenship

Cuban Citizenship

Communist Government

Constitution of the Republic of Cuba

1992

Openly embraces socialism, communism, Marxism, and Leninism

cuban citizenship12

Cuban Citizenship

Rights

No private property, except small farmers

No private industry

“The state organizes, directs and controls the economic life of the nation”

“Everyone has the right to health protection and care”

“Citizens have freedom of speech and of the press in keeping with the objectives of socialist society…. The law regulated the exercise of those freedoms.”

cuban citizenship13

Cuban Citizenship

Obligations

Obey law

“The law regulates the military service which Cubans must do.”

“Defense of the socialist homeland is the greatest honor and the supreme duty of every Cuban citizen.”

cuban citizenship14

Cuban Citizenship

Duties

“Work in a socialist society is a right and duty and a source of pride for every citizen.”

“Every worker has the duty to faithfully carry tasks corresponding to him at his job.”

contrast with u s

Contrast With U.S.

Cuban Constitution of 1992

“Citizens have freedom of speech and of the press in keeping with the objectives of socialist society…. The law regulated the exercise of those freedoms.”

US Constitution, Ammendment 1

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”

national interest

National Interest

Security interests

Economic interests

Government philosophy

Morals

Religion

Charity

us and the war on terror

US and the War on Terror

Relationship with other countries

Security interests

Economic interests

Government philosophy

Morals

Religion

Charity

switzerland

Switzerland

Founded in 1291

Cold winters, cool summers

Tourists, ski resorts

Hydropower, timber, salt

Military guns at home (~ 1 in 3)

History of neutrality

Anonymous banking

international law

International Law

Difficult to form

Difficult to enforce

Coordinates trade

Solve problems and resolve disputes

World Court

United Nations

international law27

International Law

Thomas Jefferson

“Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations – entangling alliances with none.”

united nations

United Nations

save succeeding generations from the scourge of war

promote fundamental human rights

promote international law

promote social progress

the scourge of war since 1945

The Scourge of War Since 1945

140 wars listed

32 wars in bold

44 civil wars not listed

the scourge of war since 194530

1945-1949 Indonesian National Revolution

1946-1954 First Indochina War

1947-1948 Indo-Pakistani War of 1947

1947-1949 First Arab-Israeli War

1950-1953 Korean War

1950-present (Ongoing)Chinese Invasion/ Occupation of Tibet

1952-1955 Tunisian War of Independence

1952-1960 Mau Mau Uprising

1954-1975 Second Indochina War

1959-1975 Vietnam War

1954-1962 Algerian War of Independence

1956-1957 Suez War (Second Arab-Israeli War)

1956 Hungarian Uprising

1956-1959 Cuban Revolution

1957-1958 Ifni War

1958 Lebanon Crisis of 1958

1960-1965 "Congo Crisis"

1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion

1961-1991 Eritrean War of Independence

1961-1974 Portuguese Colonial War

1961-1974 Angolan War of Independence

1963-1974 Guinea-Bissauan War of Independence

1964-1974 Mozambican War of Independence

1961 Invasion of Goa

1962 Sino-Indian War

1962 Indonesian Annexation of Western New Guinea

1962-1966 Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation

1962-1975 Dhofar Rebellion

1963 Sand War

1963-1967 Shifta War

1964-Present Colombian Armed Conflict

1965 Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

1965-1989 South African Border War

1966-1988 Namibian War of Independence

1966-1979 Second Chimurenga(Rhodesian Bush War)

1967 Chola Incident

1967 Six-Day War (Third Arab-Israeli War)

1967-1989 Second Malayan Emergency

1967-Present Communist Insurgency in the Philippines

1968 Prague Spring in Czechoslovakia

The Scourge of War Since 1945

the scourge of war since 194531

1968-1970 War of Attrition

1969-Present Islamic Insurgency in the Philippines

1969 Football War

1969 Sino-Soviet border conflict

1969-1994 The Troubles in Northern Ireland

1971 Bangladesh Liberation War

1971 Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

1972 Libya-Sudan conflict

1973 Yom Kippur War (Fourth Arab-Israeli War)

1974 Turkish Invasion of Cyprus

1975-1991 Western Sahara conflict

1975-1978 Indonesian invasion of East Timor

1975-1998 East Timorese War of Independence

1975-2006 Independence War in Cabinda

1975-1989 Cambodian-Vietnamese War

1976-1983 Argentina's "Dirty War"

1977 Libyan-Egyptian War

1977-1978 Ogaden War

1978 Israeli Invasion of Lebanon

1978-2005 The Aceh War

1978-1979 Uganda-Tanzania War

1978-1987 Chadian-Libyan conflict

1979 Sino-Vietnamese War

1979-1989 Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War

1980-present (ongoing) Internal Conflict in Peru

1981 Paquisha War

1981-1986 Ugandan Bush War

1982 Falklands War

1982 Israeli Invasion of Lebanon

1983 U.S. Invasion of Grenada

1984-present (ongoing) Kurdish insurgency in Turkey

1984-present (ongoing) Free Papua Movement

1984 Siachin War

1985 Agacher Strip War

1987-1993 First Intifada

1988-present (ongoing) Casamance Conflict

1986-1992 Somalian Revolution

1992-1994 Operation Restore Hope

1994-2006 War between Somali clans

The Scourge of War Since 1945

the scourge of war since 194532

2006 Rise of the Islamic Courts Union

1988-1994 Nagorno-Karabakh war

1989-1991 Mauritania-Senegal Border War

1989-1990 U.S. Invasion of Panama

1989 Romanian Revolution

1984-present (ongoing) Kashmir conflict

2006-present War in Somalia

2007-present Islamist insurgency in Somalia

1990-1991 Gulf War

1990-1998 Tuareg Rebellion

1991-2001 Yugoslav Wars

1991 Slovenian War

1991-1995 Croatian War of Independence

1992-1995 Bosnian War

1996-1999 Kosovo War

2000-2001 Preševo valley crisis

2001 Macedonia conflict

1991-1992 South Ossetian War

1992-1993 War in Abkhazia

1991-1992 Ossetian-Ingush conflict

1992 War of Transnistria

1992-present (ongoing) Conflict in the Niger Delta

1993-present (ongoing) Ethnic conflict in Nagaland, India

1993-present (ongoing) Brazilian gang violence

1994-1996 First Chechen War

1995 Hanish Islands Crisis

1995 1995 Iraqi Kurdistan War

1995 NATO bombing of Republika Srpska

1995 Cenepa War

1996-1997 First Congo War

1997 Unrest in Albania

1997 1997 Iraqi Kurdistan War

1998-2000 Ethiopia-Eritrea War

1998 U.S. bombings of Afghanistan and Sudan

1998 U.S. bombing of Iraq

1998-2003 Second Congo War

1999-2006 Ituri Conflict

1999 Kargil War

1999 Dagestan War

1999-present (ongoing) Second Chechen War

The Scourge of War Since 1945

the scourge of war since 194533

2000-2006 Al-Aqsa Intifada

2000-present (ongoing) Conflict in Laos involving the Hmong

2001 Macedonia conflict

2001 Indo-Bangladesh Border Conflict of 2001

2001-present (ongoing) War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

2003-present (ongoing) Balochistan conflict, Pakistan

2003-present (ongoing) Central African War

2003-present (ongoing) Darfur conflict, Sudan

2005-present (ongoing) Chad-Sudan conflict

2003-present (ongoing) Iraq War

2004-present (ongoing) Waziristan War

2004 Haiti rebellion

2004-2007 Sa'dah conflict

2004-present (ongoing) South Thailand insurgency

2006-2006 Lebanon War

2006-present (ongoing) War in Somalia

2007-present Second Tuareg Rebellion

2007-present Ogaden conflict

2007 (ongoing) North Lebanon conflict

2008 Russia invades South Ossetia, Georgia

The Scourge of War Since 1945

un human rights commission

UN Human Rights Commission

Successes

Highlights human-rights abuses around the world.

Applies pressure for reform.

un human rights commission35

UN Human Rights Commission

Failures

Libya was elected to head the commission in 2003

Sudan was elected to head the commission in 2004

Some commission members have miserable human-rights records: China, Cuba, Zimbabwe, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Algeria, Syria, Libya, and Vietnam.

un humanitarian assistance

UN Humanitarian Assistance

Successes

Works with other relief organizations, such as the Red Cross

Provides food, water, shelter to missions displaced by war, famine, or natural disasters.

World Food Program (serves 110 million people in 80 countries)

High Commissioner for Refugees (projects 116 countries)

un humanitarian assistance37

UN Humanitarian Assistance

Failures

Oil-For-Food Program

world court

World Court

International Court of Justice

Primary judicial organ of the UN

15 judges elected to 9-year terms by the UN

No common moral foundation among nations’ judges

world organization of the scout movement

World Organization of theScout Movement

World Scout Jamboree

Promote scouting world wide

BP: "The roots of Scouting have grown among young people of all civilised countries and are developing more each day. It might be thought that if in years to come, a considerable proportion of the future citizens of each nation forms part of this brotherhood, they will be joined by a bond of personal friendship and mutual understanding such as has never existed before, which will help to find a solution to terrible international conflicts."

international committee of the red cross

International Committee of theRed Cross

Impartial, neutral, and independent

Exclusively humanitarian

Provide assistance to victims of war

passport visa

Passport & Visa

US Passports

Visa