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EPA & the Supermarket Industry: Partners in Environmental Protection GreenChill Advanced Refrigeration Partnership Agenda EPA and the supermarket industry Upcoming regulatory initiatives Upcoming voluntary initiatives Long-term perspectives Consumers and the environment

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epa the supermarket industry partners in environmental protection

EPA & the Supermarket Industry: Partners in Environmental Protection

GreenChill Advanced Refrigeration Partnership

  • EPA and the supermarket industry
    • Upcoming regulatory initiatives
    • Upcoming voluntary initiatives
    • Long-term perspectives
  • Consumers and the environment
upcoming regulatory initiatives montreal protocol
Upcoming Regulatory Initiatives Montreal Protocol
  • Treaty to reduce production of ozone depleting substances such as CFCs & HCFCs
    • HCFC Phaseout Milestone 2010
  • Goals are to restore ozone layer, prevent harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation overexposure
  • Outstanding environmental and health benefits
    • 6.3 million U.S. skin cancer deaths prevented by 2165
upcoming regulatory initiatives milestones for hcfc phaseout

January 1, 2010

Ban on production and import of HCFC-22 except for on-going servicing needs in equipment manufactured before January 1, 2010.

January 1, 2015

Ban on sale and use of all HCFCs except (1) for use in chemical reactions where the HCFCs are completely used up in the process, (2) reclaimed and recycled HCFCs, or (3) for on-going servicing needs in refrigeration equipment manufactured before January 1, 2010.

January 1, 2020

Ban on remaining production and import of HCFC-22.

January 1, 2030

Ban on remaining production and import of all other HCFCs.

Upcoming Regulatory Initiatives Milestones for HCFC Phaseout
upcoming regulatory initiatives hcfc 22 supply demand
Upcoming Regulatory Initiatives HCFC-22 Supply & Demand


Anticipated R-22 Supply from Recovered R-22


Virgin R-22 Needed to Satisfy Service Demand


Total R-22 Service Demand


90% of U.S. HCFC Consumption Cap


U.S. HCFC Consumption Cap

HCFC-22 (MT)










Source: EPA's Vintaging Model (VM IO file_2007_11-12-07)

upcoming regulatory initiatives servicing existing equipment
Upcoming Regulatory Initiatives Servicing Existing Equipment
  • In 2015, HCFC-22 needs will exceed the 2015 cap by more than 10,000 metric tons
  • Recovery and reuse needed to meet demand
  • What can you do?
    • Improve service practices (recover, recycle, reclaim)
    • Fix leaks
    • Replace equipment where economical
upcoming regulatory initiatives during the transition period
Upcoming Regulatory Initiatives During the Transition Period
  • Businesses have three options:
    • Convert existing system to alternative refrigerant
    • Buy a new system that uses an alternative refrigerant
    • Continue to operate existing system
  • Establish a plan to replace/repair leaking equipment
  • Recover and reuse refrigerant from equipment that is retired
  • Begin to transition to alternative refrigerants
    • Many businesses have started to switch
    • Consider amount of time needed to convert
upcoming regulatory initiatives leak repair rule
Upcoming Regulatory InitiativesLeak Repair Rule
  • Moving through the process
  • End 2008 / beginning 2009
  • Leak rates 
voluntary initiatives epa partnership programs
Voluntary InitiativesEPA Partnership Programs
  • More than 80 environmental partnership programs
  • Voluntary participation
  • No membership fee
  • Non-regulatory
  • Gives you a friendly face at the EPA
voluntary initiatives partners for the environment
Voluntary InitiativesPartners for the Environment
  • www.epa.gov/partners
  • Achievement Through Partnership: A Progress Report Through 2000
  • Boosting Your Bottom Line
  • Guide to EPA Climate Partnership Programs
why are voluntary partnerships important
Why are Voluntary Partnerships Important?
  • Focus is on cooperation and mutual advantage of business and environment
  • If it works, no need for regulation
  • More flexibility
  • Lower cost for business & lower cost for government
  • Good way to address problems that are difficult to regulate and/or difficult to enforce

Supermarket Refrigeration

  • HCFC-22 is primary refrigerant
    • Harms the ozone layer (ODP of .055)
    • Contributes to climate change (GWP of 1500)
    • Phase-out in 2010 of HCFC-22 production for new equipment; Limited production allowed until 2020 to service existing refrigeration equipment
  • DX systems are the dominant technology
    • Lg. refrigerant charges (ave. spmkt. = 4000 lbs.)
    • High leak rates (ave. 20-25% = about 1000 lbs. of refrigerant emitted PER SUPERMARKET per year)
greenchill advanced refrigeration partnership
GreenChill Advanced Refrigeration Partnership
  • An EPA cooperative alliance with the supermarket industry
  • Promotes the adoption of advanced refrigeration technologies, strategies, and practices
  • Reduce charges & emissions of ozone-depleting substances (potent greenhouse gases)
  • Help protect the ozone layer and protect against global warming
greenchill priorities
GreenChill Priorities

Shift from DX systems to advanced refrigeration systems

Shift from HCFC-22 to substitute refrigerants

Promote reduced refrigerant charges

Promote equipment leak tightness

At production

At installation

Preventative maintenance

why advanced refrigeration technology
Why advanced refrigeration technology?
  • Montreal Protocol’s goal is ozone layer recovery – reduces ozone-depleting substances (CFCs & HCFCs)
  • Substitute refrigerants (HFCs) are ozone-safe, but they are greenhouse gases
  • Leaking 1000 pounds of greenhouse gas instead of 1000 pounds of ozone-depleting gas is substituting one environmental disaster for another
benefits of joining greenchill
Benefits of Joining GreenChill
  • Benchmarking to evaluate progress
  • Recognition for actions beyond regulatory requirements
  • Build brand equity
  • Tools to attain corporate environmental stewardship and sustainability goals
  • Prepare for HCFC phaseout and other deadlines
  • Access to latest information on state-of-the-art refrigeration technologies, alternative refrigerants, and best practices
  • Networking & information sharing among partners
greenchill projects 2008
GreenChill Projects 2008
  • GreenChill Supermarket Certification Program - gold & silver level
  • Best Practice Guidelines
    • Retrofits
    • Advanced Refrigeration Technology
    • Installation Leak Tightness
  • Reporting/partner goals/benchmarking
    • Supermarket emissions data
    • Equipment manufacturer leak tightness
    • HCFC-22 reclamation
  • Service Tech/Contractor Certification
  • Research
    • Energy efficiency theoretical study
    • Pilot projects
Retrofits = most widespread strategy to prepare for HCFC-22 phaseout in existing stores

Opportunity to tighten up the system!

GreenChill’s Retrofit Best Practice Guidelines

best practices guidelines advanced refrigeration technology
Best Practices GuidelinesAdvanced Refrigeration Technology

Describes and explains alternatives to conventional DX systems

Factors to consider when selecting an advanced refrigeration option

Best practices to reduce refrigerant charge

Best practices for leak tightness at production and installation

Service and maintenance best practices for leak tightness

Case studies

long term environmental perspective
Long-Term Environmental Perspective
  • New administration
  • More environmental focus?
  • Expansion of GreenChill Partnership
    • Reduce refrigerant charges
    • Reduce leaks
  • Greenhouse gas regulation?
  • Implementation of new leak regulation
  • Other? Depends to a certain extent on you
consumers the environment
Consumers & the Environment
  • Short-term
    • Price consciousness
    • But…consumers need to feel good about shopping at your stores (moral “permission”)
  • Long-term
    • Need to build brand equity
    • Position yourself for the future - differentiation vs. competitors
    • If your environmental activities aren’t publicized, consumers assume you aren’t doing anything
    • Waste costs money - what’s good for the environment is good for your bottom line
contact information greenchill
Contact Information - GreenChill

Keilly Witman

Stratospheric Protection Division, US EPA

Tel: (202) 343-9742


contact info phaseout and regulatory
Contact Info – Phaseout and Regulatory
  • Phaseout: Cindy Newberg,

newberg.cindy@epa.gov, 202-343-9729

  • For Sec. 608: Julius Banks,

banks.julius@epa.gov, 202-343-9870

  • Additional Info: