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Michelle
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What to write

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  1. What to write

  2. MFI Profile What is it? : Essentially a biography of an MFI that tells us who, what, when, where, and why about the MFI. Why?: A number of reasons, including highlighting our partners on our website. Things to Remember: A good biography brings together a number of different sources of information—the MFI’s mission statement; a quote or two from the CEO, field officer, client; last year’s financial statement; history; photographs; and anything else that tells the story of the MFI. Number of Pages: no longer than 1 page. Examples: Can circulate.

  3. InterviewsWhat it is? Chance to hear views of someone in the sector on interesting issues or topics.Things to remember: Target a person with something interesting to say, and select interesting questions. Ask the person what they would like to discuss in advance, and show a list of possible questions you may ask so they can give better responses. Number of pages: Can be quite long before editing. If you begin with 10-15 questions and let the person answer freely, it can be from 10 to 15 pages. After editing for clarity and content, it can easily be 1/3 the length.

  4. Research Proposal • What is a research proposal? • Describes objective of the study and the research design completely • Used for funding; record of project documents • Anywhere from 5-20 pages depending on requirements • Things to Remember: • Focus on how the study addresses gaps in literature • Define goals of the study clearly • What are significant contributions / expected results from the study • Provide as much detail as required and as accurately as possible (Research design; budget and timeline) • Do some research on what the funding agency looks for, typical proposals that are funded Examples: SKS Health Insurance study for WB; Remittances proposal

  5. Case Study • What is a Case Study: Profile an organization / program • Success / Failures experiences or unique features • Document processes in detail • Problem – Solution approach • Usually 15-20 pages • Things to remember: • Leads to a discussion of organizational / program details – analyze problems described in the case and how it was solved • Do not include everything you know about the organization – Do not provide all the answers in the case • Define clearly what the case study is about – write out specific question • Create situations (factual or fictional) for readers to discuss Example: HBS Case Study on Basix – How to Sell Weather Insurance

  6. Literature Review

  7. Working Paper • What is a working paper? • Is a self-contained paper (most of the time), i.e., has research questions, body that reinforces/explains your research question, and conclusion • Can be both primary research or secondary • Anywhere from 20-50 pages depending on requirements • Typical structure: • Introduction containing a research question or a reason why readers should read this paper • Background • Literature review • Evidence to support your thesis • Analysis • Recommendations • Conclusions

  8. Working Paper, cont’d • Things to Remember: • Good research question makes a good paper • The longer the paper gets, the more you have to be careful about the structure/organization of the paper

  9. Some examples

  10. Public housing schemes in Kerala have had an impressive record during the past two decades in terms of both investment and physical achievements. During impressive gains, a few negative features have also reared their heads. Inequality in housing conditions seems to have widened. The poor have become progressively incapable of self help and mutual help for solving their housing problems. The degree of their dependence on public support has increased. Modern building materials have gone beyond their affordability. Moreover, availability of traditional building materials has dwindled and gone out of their reach. One of the positive innovations implemented in Kerala recent years is the participatory people’s planning process launched in 1996. The problems in the housing sector do not seem, however, to have become less intractable than earlier. An evaluation of the highest priority was given to the housing projects for the economically weaker sections in the panchayats. Yet, the problem of housing the rural poor still continue to remain grave.

  11. Why was it difficult to read? Perhaps because… • Readers can’t see the direction where the writer is trying to go • Use of the first sentence in paragraph • Use of transition words

  12. Public housing schemes in Kerala have had an impressive record during the past two decades in terms of both investment and physical achievements. During impressive gains, a few negative features have also reared their heads. Inequality in housing conditions seems to have widened. The poor have become progressively incapable of self help and mutual help for solving their housing problems. The degree of their dependence on public support has increased. Modern building materials have gone beyond their affordability. Moreover, availability of traditional building materials has dwindled and gone out of their reach. One of the positive innovations implemented in Kerala recent years is the participatory people’s planning process launched in 1996. The problems in the housing sector do not seem, however, to have become less intractable than earlier. An evaluation of the highest priority was given to the housing projects for the economically weaker sections in the panchayats. Yet, the problem of housing the rural poor still continue to remain grave.

  13. Public housing schemes in Kerala have had an impressive record during the past two decades in terms of both investment and physical achievements. During impressive gains, a few negative features have also reared their heads. Inequality in housing conditions seems to have widened. The poor have become progressively incapable of self help and mutual help for solving their housing problems. The degree of their dependence on public support has increased. Modern building materials have gone beyond their affordability. Moreover, availability of traditional building materials has dwindled and gone out of their reach. One of the positive innovations implemented in Kerala recent years is the participatory people’s planning process launched in 1996. The problems in the housing sector do not seem, however, to have become less intractable than earlier. An evaluation of the highest priority was given to the housing projects for the economically weaker sections in the panchayats. Yet, the problem of housing the rural poor still continue to remain grave.

  14. From the first sentence of the paragraph, what readers would expect next is evidence or examples that reinforce the first paragraph.

  15. Public housing schemes in Kerala have had an impressive record during the past two decades in terms of both investment and physical achievements. During impressive gains, a few negative features have also reared their heads. Inequality in housing conditions seems to have widened. The poor have become progressively incapable of self help and mutual help for solving their housing problems. The degree of their dependence on public support has increased. Modern building materials have gone beyond their affordability. Moreover, availability of traditional building materials has dwindled and gone out of their reach. One of the positive innovations implemented in Kerala recent years is the participatory people’s planning process launched in 1996. The problems in the housing sector do not seem, however, to have become less intractable than earlier. An evaluation of the highest priority was given to the housing projects for the economically weaker sections in the panchayats. Yet, the problem of housing the rural poor still continue to remain grave.

  16. Public housing schemes in Kerala have had an impressive record during the past two decades in terms of both investment and physical achievements. During impressive gains, a few negative features have also reared their heads. Inequality in housing conditions seems to have widened. The poor have become progressively incapable of self help and mutual help for solving their housing problems. The degree of their dependence on public support has increased. Modern building materials have gone beyond their affordability. Moreover, availability of traditional building materials has dwindled and gone out of their reach. One of the positive innovations implemented in Kerala recent years is the participatory people’s planning process launched in 1996. The problems in the housing sector do not seem, however, to have become less intractable than earlier. An evaluation of the highest priority was given to the housing projects for the economically weaker sections in the panchayats. Yet, the problem of housing the rural poor still continue to remain grave.

  17. Public housing schemes in Kerala have had an impressive record during the past two decades in terms of both investment and physical achievements.During impressive gains, a few negative features have also reared their heads. Inequality in housing conditions seems to have widened. The poor have become progressively incapable of self help and mutual help for solving their housing problems. The degree of their dependence on public support has increased. Modern building materials have gone beyond their affordability. Moreover, availability of traditional building materials has dwindled and gone out of their reach.One of the positive innovations implemented in Kerala recent years is the participatory people’s planning process launched in 1996.The problems in the housing sector do not seem, however, to have become less intractable than earlier.An evaluation of the highest priority was given to the housing projects for the economically weaker sections in the panchayats.Yet, the problem of housing the rural poor still continue to remain grave.

  18. Sentences are going all over the place. But in addition, lack of “transition words” makes it even more difficult for readers to follow.

  19. While public housing schemes in Kerala have had an impressive record during the past two decades in terms of both investment and physical achievements, a few negative features have also reared their heads. Inequality in housing conditions seems to have widened. The poor have become progressively incapable of ... The degree of their dependence on public support has increased. Modern building materials have gone beyond their affordability. Moreover, availability of traditional building materials has dwindled and gone out of their reach. Although one of the positive innovations implemented in Kerala recent years is the participatory people’s planning process launched in 1996, the problems in the housing sector do not seem, however, to have become less intractable than earlier. Despite the highest priority given to the housing projects for the economically weaker sections in the panchayats, the problem of housing the rural poor still continue to remain grave.

  20. Next example is from the section where weaknesses of current program is discussed. CDS overloaded with work: From the interactions I had with the CDS chairpersons, they are loaded with too much of work. Housing is only one part of the whole Kudumbashree programme. CDS being the body engaged in all the activities tends to be overloaded with work. But they do not complain. They are volunteers and hence very happy to do work for their community. Banks too do not feel the burden of extra work due to this scheme because CDS personnel work on the behalf of them. It is easily noticeable that the reason why this scheme is doing well in some panchayats is because the CDS in that panchayat has been very supportive…

  21. Again, the paragraph loses coherence • The use of “I” • The paragraph discusses issues of CDS and banks

  22. Other random issues • “… comprising usually of activities such as agriculture, dairy , micro-enterprise, and also short term business activities…” • “One of the problems with dairy enterprise is that cattle do not give milk all through out the year.” • “During this period each client should have a sufficient level of disposable income from their dairy as well as their other household income.” • Use of Capital letters and Lower case letters

  23. Use of punctuation, etc. • Commas (,) and periods (.) • Rs.50,000 vs RS50,000 vs Rs 50000 There’s no specific rule, but make it consistent within a paper