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The EBRD-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS III) Listening to Firms to Understand Governance February 15, 2006 Background on the BEEPS Collaborative with EBRD Collaborative between ECA and Enterprise Analysis Unit Prehistory: 1997 WDR 1999 4,100 firms

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the ebrd world bank business environment and enterprise performance survey beeps iii

The EBRD-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS III)

Listening to Firms to Understand Governance

February 15, 2006

background on the beeps
Background on the BEEPS
  • Collaborative with EBRD
  • Collaborative between ECA and Enterprise Analysis Unit
  • Prehistory: 1997 WDR
  • 1999
    • 4,100 firms
    • All ECA except SAM, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
  • 2002
    • 6,600 firms
    • All ECA except Turkmenistan
  • 2005
    • 9,600 firms
    • All ECA except Turkmenistan
  • 2004/2005
    • Germany, Greece, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Korea, Vietnam.
what s new in the beeps
What’s New in the BEEPS?
  • As little as possible
    • Identical approaches: sampling, translations, administration, and most questions
  • Longitudinal Dimension
    • 1,500 panel firms (23-147 per country) with data for 2002 and 2005.
  • Manufacturing Overlay
    • 1,700 manufacturing firms in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Poland, and Romania
  • Comparator Data
    • 4,050 firms in Germany (ex-GDR and ex-FRG), Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Korea, and Vietnam
some 400 variables on
Some 400 Variables on …
  • Unofficial Payments and Corruption
  • Crime
  • Regulations and Red Tape
  • Customs and Taxes
  • Labor Issues
  • Firm Financing
  • Legal and Judicial Issues
  • Infrastructure
  • … others …
both subjective and objective data
Subjective

Corruption as a problem

Assessments of courts

Finance as a problem

Power outages as a problem

Objective

Spending on bribes

Number of cases; use of courts to collect debts

Actual sources of finance

Actual experience with power outages

Both Subjective and Objective Data
link to investment climate surveys undertaken in other regions
Link to Investment Climate Surveys Undertaken in Other Regions
  • Core questionnaire 95% the same
  • Sampling in ICS focuses on narrowly defined manufacturing sectors. Comparability is greatest for the “manufacturing overlay” countries.
    • Armenia, Azerbaijan, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Poland, and Romania.
  • BEEPS-style approach currently being rolled out in other regions.
how is beeps different from aggregates wbi and ti
How is BEEPS different from aggregates (WBI and TI)?
  • Aggregates use non-overlapping sources
  • Aggregates mix a variety of concepts and measure:
    • Expert opinions and surveys
    • Corruption as experiences by firms; as experienced by households, expert views on impact on foreign investment
    • Can not be used to track changes over time
  • BEEPS uses a consistent methodology
    • Identical questions, sampling, administration, etc.
    • Testing is possible using well-grounded statistical tools
how is beeps different from doing business
How is BEEPS different from Doing Business?
  • Complementary Tools
    • Doing Business: focus on rules and procedures
    • BEEPS: focus on how rules and procedures are implemented
  • Big picture is mostly consistent
    • ECA leading reformer
    • Mostly similar country stories
      • DB highlights reforms in Georgia, Slovakia, Romania, and Latvia – all show improvement in BEEPS, as well
    • Some anomalies
      • SAM is DB top reformer (but still ranked 92)
      • Croatia is ranked 118 in DB (worse than Iraq)
input for flagship studies
Input for Flagship Studies
  • Regional studies on corruption, judicial systems
  • EBRD’s Transition Report Business in Transition
  • WDR 2005 A Better Investment Climate for Everyone
  • World Bank’s Global Monitoring Report
operations and country dialogue romania
Operations and country dialogue:Romania
  • Suggesting need for reform in 2001 ...
operations and country dialogue romania20
Operations and country dialogueRomania
  • Guiding content of Bank operations
    • Conditions on asset disclosures and conflict of interest in PAL-1
    • BEEPS as benchmark indicator for tracking progress
operations and country dialogue romania21
Operations and country dialogueRomania

… showing progress by 2005.

beeps at a glance documents www worldbank org eca governance
BEEPS-at-a-glance documentswww.worldbank.org/eca/governance
  • Focus on ECA, comparisons over time
  • 14 pages covering a wide variety of issues
country profiles rru worldbank org enterprisesurveys
Country profiles rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/
  • Focus on world-wide comparisons
  • Also 14 pages covering a wide variety of issues
interactive feature rru worldbank org enterprisesurveys
Interactive Feature rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/
  • Focus on world-wide comparisons
  • Custom Queries by size, exporter or importer, foreign or domestic, sector
firm level data
Firm-level data
  • Greatest Flexibility and Control
    • Email James Anderson/Person/World Bank
    • Or janderson2@worldbank.org
the ebrd world bank business environment and enterprise performance survey beeps iii27

The EBRD-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS III)

Listening to Firms to Understand Governance

February 15, 2006