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Bright Futures Adolescence 11- 12 Years. The health system must adapt to the needs of adolescents, and their needs reside as much in preventive medicine as they do in curative medicine. -- Michael I. Cohen, M.D. Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics Albert Einstein College of Medicine.

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bright futures adolescence 11 12 years

Bright FuturesAdolescence 11- 12 Years

The health system must adapt to the needs of adolescents, and their needs reside as much in preventive medicine as they do in curative medicine.

-- Michael I. Cohen, M.D.Professor and Chairman, Department of PediatricsAlbert Einstein College of Medicine

how to use bright futures developmental sections
How to Use Bright Futures:Developmental Sections
  • Each Developmental Section Includes:
    • Developmental Overview
    • Developmental Charts Family Preparation forHealth Supervision
    • Strengths and Issues of theChild, Family and Community
how to use bright futures developmental sections3
...How to Use Bright Futures:Developmental Sections
  • Health Supervision Topics
    • "Portrait" of the child and family
    • Health supervision questions
    • Developmental surveillance and milestones (or developmental surveillance and school performance)
    • Observation of parent-child interaction
    • Physical examination
    • Additional screening procedures
    • Immunizations
    • Anticipatory guidance for the family
    • Opportunities for building partnerships
adolescence physical development
Adolescence:Physical Development
  • Physical Development
  • Cognitive/Linguistic Development
  • Social/Emotional Development
  • Health Behaviors
  • Family
  • Community
  • Health Supervision As a Partnership
adolescence cognitive development
…Adolescence:Cognitive Development
  • Physical Development
  • Cognitive/Linguistic Development
  • Social/Emotional Development
  • Health Behaviors
  • Family
  • Community
  • Health Supervision As a Partnership
adolescence social emotional development
…Adolescence:Social/Emotional Development
  • Physical Development
  • Cognitive/Linguistic Development
  • Social/Emotional Development
  • Health Behaviors
  • Family
  • Community
  • Health Supervision As a Partnership
adolescence health behaviors
…Adolescence:Health Behaviors
  • Physical Development
  • Cognitive/Linguistic Development
  • Social/Emotional Development
  • Health Behaviors
  • Family
  • Community
  • Health Supervision As a Partnership
adolescence family
…Adolescence:Family
  • Physical Development
  • Cognitive/Linguistic Development
  • Social/Emotional Development
  • Health Behaviors
  • Family
  • Community
  • Health Supervision As a Partnership
adolescence community
…Adolescence:Community
  • Physical Development
  • Cognitive/Linguistic Development
  • Social/Emotional Development
  • Health Behaviors
  • Family
  • Community
  • Health Supervision As a Partnership
adolescence health supervision partnership
…Adolescence:Health Supervision Partnership
  • Physical Development
  • Cognitive/Linguistic Development
  • Social/Emotional Development
  • Health Behaviors
  • Family
  • Community
  • Health SupervisionAs a Partnership
family preparation for adolescence health supervision
Family Preparation for Adolescence Health Supervision
  • Be prepared to give updates on the following at your next visits…
  • Be prepared to provide the following information about your family…
  • Prepare and bring in questions, concerns about…
  • Other
family preparation provide family information
...Family PreparationProvide Family Information
  • Be prepared to give updates on the following at your next visits…
  • Be prepared to provide the following information about your family…
  • Prepare and bring in questions, concerns about…
  • Other
family preparation bring questions concerns
...Family PreparationBring Questions, Concerns
  • Be prepared to give updates on the following at your next visits…
  • Be prepared to provide the following information about your family…
  • Prepare and bring in questions, concerns about…
  • Other
family preparation other information
...Family PreparationOther Information
  • Be prepared to give updates on the following at your next visits…
  • Be prepared to provide the following information about your family…
  • Prepare and bring in questions, concerns about…
  • Other
strengths adolescent
Strengths: Adolescent
  • Has confidants and develops capacity for intimacy
  • Exhibits social competence
  • Experiences hope, joy, success, love
  • Has high self-esteem and expects personal success
  • Learns stress management skills
  • Demonstrates appropriate level of independence
  • Develops individual identity
  • Respects rights and needs of others
  • Establishes educational and vocational goals
  • Adolescent
    • Has good physical health and nutrition
    • Maintains an appropriate weight
    • Develops a positive body image
    • Develops healthy habits and personal responsibility for health
    • Receives regular oral health care
    • Participates in physical activity regularly
    • Has a positive attitude
    • Develops anger management skills
strengths family
...Strengths: Family
  • Family
    • Meets adolescent's basic needs (food, shelter, clothing, safety, health care)
    • Provides strong, nurturing family
    • Provides value system and role models
    • Understands and accepts changes in feelings and moods during adolescence
    • Supports activities that enhance adolescent's self-image
    • Spends individual time with adolescent
  • Praises adolescent's efforts and achievements
  • Affirms adolescent's feeling of being loved
  • Encourages adolescent's development of close friendships
  • Recognizes changing roles of parent(s), adolescent, family
  • Serves nutritious family meals on a regular basis
  • Provides sexuality education at home
strengths community adolescence
...Strengths: CommunityAdolescence
  • Community
    • Provides quality educational and vocational opportunities for all adolescents and families
    • Provides activities for adolescents (recreational, sports, educational, social, cultural)
    • Promotes physical activity (provides safe areas for recreation)
    • Provides support for families with special needs
    • Provides comprehensive health education and services
  • Provides integrated systems of accessible adolescent health care
  • Provides outreach to uninsured and underinsured adolescents and facilitates enrollment in health insurance programs and access to care
  • Recognizes autonomy of adolescents (legal rights, confidential care)
  • Provides an environment free of hazards
  • Passes and enforces legislation to protect adolescents (alcohol, tobacco, gun control; mandated safety belt/helmet use; graduated driver's license)
issues adolescent
Issues: Adolescent
  • Early sexual activity, inappropriate sexual behavior, pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS
  • Substance abuse (alcohol, drugs, inhalants, tobacco, steroids)
  • Dangerous behaviors (drunk driving, failure to use safety belts or helmets)
  • Excessive risk-taking
  • Medical concerns
  • Weight and height concerns, body image, obesity, eating disorders
  • Lack of regular physical activity
  • Chronic illness
  • Transitional challenges for adolescent with special health care needs
  • Adolescent
    • School concerns (poor grades, underachievement, disinterest, truancy)
    • Vocational concerns
    • Behavioral concerns (acting out, aggression, violence)
    • Social concerns (lack of friends, bullying, negative peer influence, withdrawal from family)
    • Emotional concerns (depression, anxiety, confusion about sexual orientation, low self-esteem, threat of suicide, attempted suicide)
    • Difficulty in managing anger
issues family
...Issues: Family
  • Substance use (alcohol, drugs, inhalants, tobacco)
  • Financial insecurity
  • Homelessness
  • Family transitions (move, divorce, remarriage, incarceration, death)
  • Lack of knowledge about adolescent development
  • Lack of parental self-esteem
  • Poor family communication
  • Social isolation and lack of support
  • Neglect or rejection of adolescent
  • Lack of health insurance
  • Family
    • Parents or other family members with serious problems (depressed, mentally ill, abusive, uninvolved, overly critical, overprotective, incarcerated)
    • Severe marital problems
    • Domestic violence (verbal, physical, emotional, or sexual abuse)
    • Frequently absent parent Rotating "parents"
    • Family health problems (illness, siblings or parents with chronic illness or disability)
issues community
...Issues: Community
  • Community
    • Poverty
    • Inadequate housing
    • Environmental or occupational hazards
    • Unsafe neighborhoods
    • Discrimination and prejudice
    • Community violence, gangs
    • Lack of protective legislation (alcohol, tobacco, gun control; mandated safety belt/helmet use; graduated driver's license)
    • Few opportunities for vocational training and employment
  • Inadequate or unsafe schools
  • Lack of supervised programs before and after school
  • Lack of programs for families with special needs
  • Inadequate outreach to uninsured/underinsured adolescents; failure to facilitate enrollment in health insurance programs and access to care
  • Isolation in a rural community
  • Lack of community/school/public health partnerships
  • Lack of social, educational, cultural, and recreational opportunities
health supervision 11 12 13 and 14 years visits
Health Supervision:11, 12, 13, and 14 Years Visits
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision questions for adolescent
...Health Supervision:Questions for Adolescent
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision social emotional development
...Health Supervision:Social/Emotional Development
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision physical development habits
...Health Supervision:Physical Development/Habits
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision relationships and sexuality
...Health Supervision:Relationships and Sexuality
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision family functioning
...Health Supervision:Family Functioning
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision school performance
...Health Supervision:School Performance
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision observation
...Health Supervision:Observation
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision physical examination
...Health Supervision:Physical Examination
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision additional screenings
...Health Supervision:Additional Screenings
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
health supervision anticipatory guidance
...Health Supervision:Anticipatory Guidance
  • Questions for the Parent(s)
  • Questions for the Adolescent
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development and Health Habits
  • Relationships and Sexuality
  • Family Functioning
  • School Performance
  • Observation of Parent-Adolescent Interaction
  • Physical Examination
  • Additional Screening Procedures and Immunizations
  • Anticipatory Guidance For the Adolescent
    • Promotion of Healthy and Safe Habits
    • Promotion of Social Competence
    • Promotion of Responsibility
    • Promotion of Schools Achievement
    • Promotion of Community Interactions
adolescence 11 21 years
Adolescence: 11 - 21 Years
  • Summary of Health Supervision Visits
    • Early Adolescence: 11-14 Years
      • 11, 12, 13, and 14 Year Visits
    • Middle Adolescence: 15-17 Years
      • 15, 16, and 17 Year Visits
    • Late Adolescence: 18-21 Years
      • 18, 18, 20, and 21 Year Visits
building partnerships during adolescence
Building Partnerships During Adolescence

What Else Should We Talk About?

  • Summarize findings at theend of each visit.
  • Arrange Continuing Care
    • Before the Next Visit
    • Other Care
    • Strengths
building partnerships before next visit
...Building PartnershipsBefore Next Visit

What Else Should We Talk About?

  • Summarize findings at the end of each visit.
  • Arrange Continuing Care
    • Before the Next Visit
    • Other Care
building partnerships older adolescent
...Building PartnershipsOlder Adolescent

...What Else Should We Talk About?

  • Summarize findings at theend of each visit.
  • Arrange Continuing Care
    • Before the Next Visit
    • Other Care:Older Adolescent
periodicity schedule
Periodicity Schedule

For the 29 Recommended Health Supervision Visits

bright futures pocket guide
Bright FuturesPocket Guide

New design to come

to order additional materials and to find out more about bright futures contact
To order additional materials and to find out more about Bright Futures, contact:

Bright Futures Project

National Center for Education in

Maternal and Child Health

Georgetown University

2000 15th Street, North, Suite 701

Arlington, VA 22201-2617

Tel: (703) 524-7802

Fax: (703) 524-9335

E-mail: BrightFutures@ncemch.org

Bright Futures Web site: www.brightfutures.org