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Transition Stage: Characteristics. Anxiety Within individuals Within group itself. Transition Stage: Characteristics (cont.). Defensiveness and resistance Resistance: behavior that keeps one or others from exploring personal problems or painful feelings; inevitable

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transition stage characteristics
Transition Stage: Characteristics
  • Anxiety
    • Within individuals
    • Within group itself
transition stage characteristics cont
Transition Stage: Characteristics (cont.)
  • Defensiveness and resistance
    • Resistance: behavior that keeps one or others from exploring personal problems or painful feelings; inevitable
      • Fear of making a fool of oneself
      • Fear of rejection or of emptiness
      • Fear of losing control
      • Fear of self disclosure
transition stage characteristics cont3
Transition Stage: Characteristics (cont.)
  • Struggle for control
    • Competition and rivalry
    • Challenge the leader
    • Ignore here-and-now problem; leads to hidden agenda
transition stage characteristics cont4
Transition Stage: Characteristics (cont.)
  • Conflict
    • Conflict is inevitable
    • Avoidance makes it destructive
    • Cohesion increases after conflict is recognized / expressed
transition stage characteristics cont5
Transition Stage: Characteristics (cont.)
  • Confrontation
    • Form of corrective feedback: how affected by others
    • Timing and cultural sensitivity important
    • More cohesive group
  • Challenges to group leader
    • Mutual responsibility for productive group
    • Respond openly and avoid becoming defensive
transition stage characteristics cont6
Transition Stage: Characteristics (cont.)
  • Leaders of reaction to resistance
    • Model direct style
    • Deal with own feelings
    • Expose your reactions
    • Emphasis on behaviors not labels
transition stage problem behaviors
Transition Stage: Problem Behaviors
  • Silence and lack of participation
  • Monopolostic behavior
  • Story telling
  • Questioning
  • Giving advice
  • Band-aiding
  • Hostile behavior
transition stage problem behaviors cont
Transition Stage: Problem Behaviors (cont.)
  • Dependency
  • Acting superior
  • Socializing
  • Intellectualizing
  • Emotionalizing
transition stage summary stage characteristics
Transition Stage Summary: Stage Characteristics
  • Members concerned about what they will think of themselves if they increase their self-awareness
  • Members concerned about others’ acceptance or rejection of them
  • Members test the leader and other members to determine how safe the environment is
transition stage summary stage characteristics cont
Transition Stage Summary: Stage Characteristics (cont.)
  • Members struggle between playing it safe and risking getting involved
  • Members experience some struggle for control and power and some conflict with other members or the leader
  • Members observe the leader to determine trustworthiness
transition stage summary stage characteristics cont11
Transition Stage Summary: Stage Characteristics (cont.)
  • Members learning how to express themselves so that others will listen to them
transition stage summary member functions tasks
Transition Stage Summary: Member Functions & Tasks
  • Recognize and express negative feelings
  • Respecting one’s own resistances but working with them
  • Moving from dependence to independence
  • Learning how to confront others constructively
transition stage summary member functions cont
Transition Stage Summary: Member Functions (cont.)
  • Being willing to face / deal with reactions toward what is occurring in the group
  • Willing to work through conflicts; not avoid
transition stage summary member possible problems
Transition Stage Summary: Member Possible Problems
  • Categorized according to “problem types” or may limit themselves with self-imposed label
  • Refuse to express persistent negative feelings, contributing to climate of distrust
transition stage summary member possible problems cont
Transition Stage Summary: Member Possible Problems (cont.)
  • If confrontations are poorly handled, members may retreat into defensive postures and issues will remain hidden
  • Form subgroups and cliques, expressing negative reactions outside the group but remaining silent in the group
transition stage summary leader functions tasks
Transition Stage Summary: Leader Functions & Tasks
  • Teaching members value of recognizing and dealing with conflict situations
  • Assisting members to recognize their own patterns of defensiveness
  • Teaching members to respect resistance and work constructively with many forms it takes
transition stage summary leader functions cont
Transition Stage Summary: Leader Functions (cont.)
  • Providing a model for members by dealing directly and tactfully with any challenges, either personal or professional
  • Avoiding labeling members but learning how to understand certain problem behaviors
transition stage summary leader functions cont18
Transition Stage Summary: Leader Functions (cont.)
  • Assisting members to become autonomous and independent
  • Encouraging members to express reactions that pertain to here-and-now happenings in the sessions