SHIPPING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS A Training Course in 49CFR Updated 6/2002
Course Objectives • Provides a review of U.S. DOT Hazardous Materials Regulations • Forms part of recurrent training as required by 49CFR
Hazardous Materials Regulations Hazardous materials are regulated in order to: • Prevent accidents, leaks and spills • Help emergency responders • Ensure that HAZMAT employees are aware of the hazards of materials they handle
What Are Hazardous Materials? “HAZARDOUS MATERIALS are any substances or materials, including environmentally hazardous substances, which have been determined to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety or property when transported in commerce, and have been so designated.” (171.8)
Laws Affect Transportation of Hazardous Materials Regulations • US DOT Reg. 49 CFR ..........................All modes within the USA • ICAO Technical Instructions ................International air transport(International Civil Aviation Organization) • IATA Dangerous Goods Reg................ Commercial air transport (International Air Transportation Association) • IMDG Code ..........................................International sea transport (International Maritime Dangerous Goods) • TDG Regulations Regulations .............Shipments to/from Canada (Transportation of Dangerous Goods) • Mexican DOT Regs. ........................... Shipments to/from Mexico
The Hazardous Materials Regs The HMR of the Federal Hazardous Materials Transportation LAW (49 CFR) apply to: • Responsibilities for offering and accepting shipments • Classification of hazardous materials • Packaging standards • Shipping papers • Labels, marks and placards • Emergency response requirements • Training requirements • Registration • Segregation and modal requirements
Penalties • Civil Penalties • Maximum fines up to $25,000 per day per violation. Updated for inflation • Criminal Penalties • Fines up to $500,000 per day per violation • Up to five years in prison • Injunctive Action • Shipments stopped or seized
Enforcement Authorities • Research & Special Programs Admin. (RSPA) • Federal Highway Administrations (FHA) • State DOT /State police • Federal Railway Administration (FRA) • Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) • U.S. Coast Guard
Numbering Sections in 49 CFR Part Section Paragraph Subparagraph 172. 500 (b) (1)
Structure of HMR • Part 171 Definitions • Part 172 - Hazard Communication • Part 172.101 - Hazardous Materials Table • Part 173 - Classification and Packaging • Part 174, 175, 176 & 177 - Modal Variations • Part 178 - Standards for Non-Bulk Packaging • Part 179 - Standards for Bulk Packaging (tank cars) • Part 180 - Continuing qualification/maint.
Administrative Requirements • Registration for certain shippers and transporters • Training of HAZMAT employees
Training Requirements [172.704] • Train all HAZMAT employees to: • Understand the regulations • Recognize and identify hazardous materials • Know reg. requirements that apply to his/her job • Be aware of relevant emergency response info. • Types of Training: General awareness, function specific, safety • Safety/OSHA/EPA training • Driver training (CDL)
Administrative Requirements The HAZMAT employer must • Train & test employees • Certify & keep records Training Compliance Dates • New employee - 90 days • Job function changed - 90 days • Update every 3 years
Six Steps to Compliance 1. Classification - obtain shipping description 2. Packaging - selection and assembly 3. Marking of packages 4. Labeling of packages 5. Shipping papers & emergency response info 6. Placarding & marking of vehicles For NJ-review Steps 1, 5 and 6
Step 1 of the Six Step Procedure • Obtain shipping description (172.202) • SHIP--The Basic Shipping Description consists of: • The Shipping Name • The Hazard Classification • The Identification Number (UN or NA) • The Packing Group
Packing Groups • Packing Group I - Great danger • Packing Group II - Moderate danger • Packing Group III - Mild danger
Hazard Classes/Divisions • Class 1 - Explosives (173.50) • Class 2 - Compressed gasses (173.115) • Class 3 - Flammable liquids (173.120) • Class 4 - Flammable solids (173.240) • Class 5 - Oxidizers and organic peroxides (173.127 & 128) • Class 6 - Poisonous and infectious materials (173.132 & 134) • Class 7 - Radioactives (173.403) • Class 8 - Corrosive materials (173.136) • Class 9 - Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials (173.140), • ORM - Other Regulated Material (173.144), • Elevated Temperature (171.8)
Multiple Hazards • Some materials may have more than one hazard • The first one is called the primary hazard • Other hazards are called subsidiary risks • How do you determine primary hazard? • Precedence of Hazard Table (173.2a(b)) • HM Table
Hazardous Substances “Hazardous substances” are materials that: • Are listed in Appendix A to Section 172.101; AND • Are in a quantity in one package that equals or exceeds the listed Reportable Quantity (RQ) Example?
Marine Pollutants • “Marine pollutants” are defined as materials which: • Are listed in Appendix B to Table 172.101; AND • Are packaged in a concentration greater than 10% for marine pollutant or 1% for severe marine pollutants
Using the HM Table (172.101) • Shipping names • Hazard classes • Identification numbers • Labeling requirements • Special provisions • Package specifications
Shipping Name Procedures (I) • Chemicals listed by name • Chemicals not listed by name • Generic names based on hazard • Generic names based on chemical family • Generic names based on usage • Technical name rule for generic names (172.203(k))
Shipping Name Procedures (II) Hazardous Substances and Marine Pollutants, not meeting the definition of a DOT hazard class • Environmentally hazardous substance, liquid, n.o.s. • Environmentally hazardous substance, solid, n.o.s. • Other regulated substance, liquid, n.o.s • Other regulated substance, solid, n.o.s.
Step 5 of the Six Step Procedure Completing the shipping paper for hazardous material shipments
The Shipping Description S H I P -- The shipping paper must show the basic shipping description, consisting of: • Proper shipping name • Hazard class and division (subsidiary is optional for domestic shipment) • Identification number (UN or NA) • Packing Group (I, II or III) • PLUS more? • The total quantity
Additional Shipping Paper Requirements (I) • DOT exemption number, if applicable • Limited Quantity, if applicable • RQ for hazardous substances • Marine Pollutant • Residue, last contained, if applicable • Dangerous When Wet for Division 4.3 [172.203]
Additional Shipping Paper Requirements (II) • Technical name(s) in parentheses, if applicable • Poison Inhalation Hazard, if applicable • Poison, if not otherwise indicated • HOT for elevated temperature material • Radioactives • Special requirements for air, rail and water
Shipper’s Certification “This is to certify the above named materials are properly classified, described, packaged, marked and labeled, and are in proper condition for transportation according to the applicable regulations of the Department of Transport.” [172.204]
Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Materials You can list hazardous and non-hazardous materials on the same shipping paper, if you do one of the following: • Enter all hazardous materials first • Highlight hazardous materials • Mark an “X” or RQ in column headed “Hazardous Materials” or “HM”
Emergency Response Information • Shippers use MSDS, ERG, or forms. Information must include: • Basic Description of the hazardous material • Immediate hazards to health • Risks of fire or explosion • Immediate precautions in case of an accident • Procedures in case of fire • Methods for handling spills and leaks • Preliminary first aid • 24-hour telephone number (on shipping papers)
Step 6 of the Six Step Procedure Placarding vehicles and containers of hazardous materials (172.500)
Background • Placards, labels, identification numbers, markings, and shipping papers are ways to communicate hazard information.
What is • A label? • A marking? • A placard? • An identification number? • What is a primary hazard placard/label? • Subsidiary risk placard/label will also include class/division number on the bottom corner (as of Oct. 2001).
What to placard? • Table 1 - placard any quantity • cannot use “DANGEROUS” placard • Table 2 - Placard if total quantity 454 kg (1001 pounds) • “DANGEROUS” placard permitted for mixed load if < 1000 Kg (2205 lb) per class loaded at facility
Identification Numbers and placement • Bulk containers must display the identification number of their contents, either on the placard, or an orange panel beside the placard. • Placards should be placed on each end and each side of motor vehicles or railroads. • Cargo tanks and portable tanks less than 1000 gallons require two placards on opposite sides of the tank