PROTISTS AND FUNGI. Commonalities / Differences in the Protist Kingdom. All are eukaryotes (cells with nuclei). Live in moist surroundings. Unicellular or multicellular. Autotrophs, heterotrophs, or both. Some can move - others cannot. 3 categories of Protists. Animal-like . Fungus-like.
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*4 groups based on movement: those with flagella, cilia, pseudopods and the ‘others’.
EXAMPLE OF HOW PSEUDOPODS MOVE
It can form 2 pseudopods to surround & trap food. Then form a food vacuole to break down food in the cytoplasm.
Sporozoans like Plasmodium (causes malaria) have more than 1 host: mosquitoes and then humans
The fungus grows hyphae into food then hyphae secrete digestive chemicals into food. After food is broken down,hyphae absorb it.
When plenty of moisture, fungi reproduce asexually by releasing the spores.
When conditions are not good, they reproduce sexually, making new spores that are different from both parents.
Club - produce spores in structures that look like clubs (ex. Mushrooms)
Imperfect - those that cannot reproduce sexually (ex. Penicillin)