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Multimodal transportation of dangerous goods in the Eastern direction. Dainis Lācis State Railway Technical Inspectorate Latvia Baltic States (Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia) Contracting Parties of ADR and RID MS of European Union States on the border of CIS countries (Russia, Belarus)

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multimodal transportation of dangerous goods in the eastern direction

Multimodal transportation of dangerous goods in the Eastern direction.

Dainis Lācis

State Railway Technical InspectorateLatvia

baltic states latvia lithuania and estonia
Baltic States(Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia)
  • Contracting Parties of ADR and RID
  • MS of European Union
  • States on the border of CIS countries (Russia, Belarus)
transportation of dangerous goods between eu member states
Transportation of dangerous goods between EU Member States
  • Latvia according EU Directives use only ADR and RID
  • Situation is similar to other Member States - no specific problems
situation in cis countries in our view
Situation in CIS countries (in our view)
  • Within CIS countries national legislation is used which differs from international agreements
  • Within CIS countries ADR is used only for transportation to EU
  • Persons, who are involved in dangerous goods’ transportation and supervision, have very low level of education in ADR provisions
  • Because of differences in national legislation and international agreements, CIS countries use international agreements of transportation of dangerous goods with their own interpretation
transportation of dangerous goods between baltic states and cis countries
Transportation of dangerous goods between Baltic States and CIS Countries
  • Road transport
  • Multimodal transport (for example, containers transportationfrom Baltic see ports by railway)
road transport
Road transport
  • Situation is stable
  • CIS countries accept transportation of dangerous goods according to ADR
  • Some additional requirements is needed (for example, additional provisions for using certain routes according to chapter 1.9 of ADR)
  • Only some misunderstandings take place on the border (for example, some border-guards demand the certificate of approval for vehicles according to 9.1.3 of ADR in case other than EX/II, EX/III, FL, OX or AT vehicles)
railway transport
Railway transport
  • CIS countries don’t accept RID directly
  • CIS countries are Contracting Parties of OSJD
  • 2nd Annex of SMGS is legal basis of transportation of dangerous goods by railway between OSJD Contracting Parties
  • Since Baltic States (Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia) use the same railway gauge of 1520mm as CIS countries they also are OSJD Contracting Parties
  • OSJD Contracting Parties are also Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, Albania, China, Mongolia etc.
  • Latvia uses 2nd Annex of SMGS for transportation of dangerous goods to/from the third states operated under the 2nd Annex of SMGS
2nd annex of smgs
2nd Annex of SMGS
  • 2nd Annex of SMGS was very obsolete till 2005
  • Over the period of last few years new EU Member States - Contracting Parties of OSJD have worked very intensively to achieve reduction of differences between RID and SMGS
  • Since 1 July 2005 the new version of the 2nd Annex of SMGS has taken effect which was the first version of the 2nd Annex of SMGS in new structure of RID
  • Since 1 July 2006 the next version of the 2nd Annex of SMGS will enter into force. These new provisions will mainly be in line with RID 2005 version. Nevertheless, some particularities are kept.
the most important differences between 2nd annex of smgs and rid
The most important differences between 2nd Annex of SMGS and RID

In multimodal transportation of dangerous goods we need to take into account:

  • Using emergency cards system
  • Additional records in consignment notes
  • Extra information on placards
  • Additional requirements for tank-containers
  • Differences in limited quantities provisions
  • Other mixed loading provisions
  • Additional provisions for handling (chapter 7.5)
emergency cards system
Emergency cards system
  • CIS countries use system of emergency actions guidance for fire crews and railway employees
  • Emergency cards system is similar to the system of CEFIC Emergency Response Intervention Cards (ERICards)
  • According to emergency cards system each dangerous substance or group of dangerous goods have their own emergency action card
  • Emergency card contains description of the danger, requiredpersonal protection equipment, actions to be taken in cases of leakage, fire, etc.
  • Emergency card number is a three-digit number
extra information on placards
Extra information on placards
  • It is necessary to display emergency card number on the wagon placards

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additional records in consignment notes
Additional records in consignment notes
  • The records in the consignment notes about classification of goods are in accordance with RID
  • but in addition consignment notes include:
    • the number of emergency card,
    • the norm of barrier wagons
    • the dangerousness of goods are indicated not only by the numbers of safety label, but also by the record (stamp) with the name of dangerousness.
additional requirements for tank containers
Additional requirements for tank-containers
  • Russia without any restrictions recognizes tank-containers which shall be capable of absorbing the forces resulting from an impact not less than 4 times (4 g) the maximum permissible gross mass of the fully loaded tank-container at a duration typical of the mechanical shocks experienced in rail transport. That means theyrecognize only portable tank.
  • RID/ADR tank-containers are allowed only by individual permit of Russian maritime register.
differences in limited quantities provisions
Differences in limited quantities provisions
  • CIS countries accept carriage of limited quantities according to chapter 3.4 only for carriage in containers or for mixed load.
  • For full wagon load of limited quantities it is required to use wagon placarding and marking according to chapter 5.3, documentation according to chapter 5.4 and provisions concerning the conditions of carriage, loading, unloading and handling according to part 7.
other mixed loading provisions
Other mixed loading provisions
  • Subchapter 7.5.2. of 2nd Annex of SMGS contains other mixed loading prohibitions which are much stronger than in similar subchapter of RID.
  • For example, loading of packages marked with label No.5.1 is prohibited in the same wagon together with other dangerous goods.