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Land Transport of Dangerous Goods. Cairo, 23 October 2011. General Structure of the Global Transport of Dangerous Goods Land Transport of Dangerous Goods European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR).

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land transport of dangerous goods

Land Transport of Dangerous Goods

Cairo, 23 October 2011

Paul Wauters, President of the IRU Group of Experts on the Transport of DangerousGoods

slide2

General Structure of the Global Transport of Dangerous Goods

  • Land Transport of DangerousGoods
  • European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of DangerousGoods by Road (ADR)
i general structure of the global transport of dangerous goods
I. General Structure of the Global Transport of DangerousGoods
  • Recommendationson the Transport of Dangerous Goods – UN Model Regulations (“Orange Book”)
  • ModalRegulations
slide4
The recommendations are:
  • Presented as “UN Model Regulationson the Transport of DangerousGoods” or “Orange Book”
  • Developedby the UN Economic and SocialCouncil’sCommittee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods
  • Regularlyupdated in the light of
    • Technicalprogress
    • Advent of newsubstances and newmaterials
    • The requirements of modern transport systems
  • Adressed to governmentsand international organisations concernedwiththe regulationof transport of dangerousgoods
slide5
The Orange Book is the basis for:
  • Developmentof the modalregulations
    • IMDG (sea)
    • IATA and ICAO (air)
    • ADR ( roadEurope)
    • RID (rail)
    • ADN (inlandwaterwaysEurope)
    • Other international ornationalregulations (US DOT, Chinese nationalregulations,…)
  • Allowing harmonisation between the different modalregulations
slide6
The aim of the regulations are:
  • To ensure the safety and security of
    • People
    • Property
    • The Environment
  • To ensure fair competition in a free marketwiththe sameconditionsfor all involvedparties and modes
ii land transport of dangerous goods
II. Land Transport of DangerousGoods

…isregulated by:

  • European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR)
  • Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID)
  • European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways  (ADN)
slide8

III. Transport of DangerousGoods

by Road (ADR)

  • “EuropeanAgreementconcerning the International Carriage of DangerousGoodsbyRoad”
  • 47 contractingparties, includingnon-Europeancountriessuch as Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, Kazakhstan…
  • Compulsory in international transport between these countries
  • Compulsory in national transport in the EU countriesand somenon-EUcountries
slide9
The conditions for transport of dangerous goods by road are laid down in:
  • Annex A for the goods in question, in particular regarding their packaging and labelling
  • Annex B as regards the construction, equipment and operation of carrying the goods in question

The structure is consistent with that of the other regulations.

The Annex A is harmonised with IATA, IMDG, RID and ADN.

slide10
Annex A: General provisions and provisionsconcerningdangeroussubstances and articles
  • General provisions (definitions, training, security, DGSA,…)
  • Classification of the dangerousgoods*
  • Dangerousgoodslist, special provisions and exemptionsrelated to LQ and EQ
  • Packing and tank provisions*
  • Consignement procedures
  • Requirementsfor the construction and testing of packaging, IBC’s, largepackagingand tanks
  • Provisionsconcerning the conditions of carriage, loading, unloading and handling
slide11

The classification of the dangerousgoods:

  • Identifies the hazard of the goods in question
  • TakesintoaccountGlobally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) (CLP)
  • Is the same for all transport regulations
slide12

The packing and tank provisionsidentify the receptaclesmeantfor the carriage of dangerousgoods.

  • Packagings (boxes, drums, jerricans, IBCs, etc.)
  • Tanks (fixed tanks, tank-containers, portable tanks, MEGCs, etc.)
slide13
Annex B: Provisionsconcerning transport equipment and transport operations
  • Requirementsforvehiclecrews, equipment, operation and documentation
  • Requirementsconcerning the construction and approval of vehicles
slide14

The participantsinvolved in the transport of dangerousgoods are:

  • Mainparticipants
    • Consignor
    • Carrier
    • Consignee
  • Otherparticipants
    • Loader
    • Packer
    • Filler
    • Tank-container / portable tank operator
    • Unloader

Page 14

slide15
The participants are:
  • to complywith the regulations of ADR in theirrespectivefields
  • co-responsiblewith the otherparticipants in case of non-conformity
  • obliged to nominate a DangerousGoodsSafetyAdviser
slide16
ADR Implicationsforroad transport companies:
  • Driver:
    • Training in regulations, safety and security
    • PPE (PersonalProtectiveEquipment)
    • Safetyawareness
  • Equipment:
    • Truck
    • Trailer
    • Tank
    • Placarding and Marking
slide17

ADR and all otherdangerousgoods transport regulations:

  • are key to ensureharmonised, standardised and safeoperations
  • are meant to protect people and the environmentwithoutpenalisingeconomicactivites