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LECTURE № 2 NUTRITION OF PREGNANT WOMEN DR. Nagayeva S. NUTRITION OF PREGNANT WOMAN

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lecture 2

LECTURE № 2

NUTRITION OF PREGNANT WOMEN

DR. Nagayeva S.

nutrition of pregnant woman
NUTRITION OF PREGNANT WOMAN
  • Nutrition should be given special attention. Products should be fresh and high quality. Forget about cheap semifinished products, which ,as a rule, comprise preservatives and can be stored very long time. Considering increase in appetite during pregnancy ,the quantity of a food should increase proportionally to frequency rates of reception of the food. You shouldn't force yourself to eat a bit of meat only because it contains essential protein for you and your baby . Always it is possible to find an alternative. After meal ,the 20 minutes walks will be very useful for easing work of a gastroenteric tract .
culture of feed
CULTURE OF FEED
  • The Balanced diet - one of the basic condition of favorable course of pregnancy and normal development of fetus. The plentiful flour and fat food can lead excessive weight of a fetus.
  • Requirement in protein, a number of vitamins, calcium, phosphorus and iron increases at pregnancy
vitamins the organic substances are essential for normal vital function of every organism
Vitamins - the organic substances are essential for normal vital function of every organism.
  • The sources of vitamins are …
vitamin a
VITAMIN A
  • contains in:
  • liver
  • milk
  • eggs
  • spinach
  • carrots
  • tomatoes
  • butter
vitamins of group b
VITAMINS OF GROUP B
  • contains in:
  • liver
  • kidneys
  • groats
  • legumes
  • curds
  • cheese
  • fish
  • bread
vitamin c
VITAMINC
  • contains in:
  • pepper
  • currant
  • sea-buckthorn
  • berries
  • wild strawberry
  • citrus
  • fresh cabbage
  • green peas
  • green onions
  • boiled potato
vitamin e
VITAMINE
  • contains in:
  • liver
  • corn
  • eggs
  • vegetable oils
vitamin d
VITAMIND
  • contains in:
  • liver
  • caviar
  • butter
slide10

Folic acid.Deficiency of a folic acid essentially raises risk of occurrence of congenital developmental anomalies of nervous system of an embryo, and also hypotrophy and prematurity.

  • It develops in intestines of the person
  • contains in:
  • liver
  • kidneys
  • green leaves
  • salads from food greens
mineral substances
MINERAL SUBSTANCES
  • Also as well as vitamins represent the vital components of feed providing normal ability to live and development of an organism.
water
WATER
  • The major making part of an organism of the adult person consists of water on 65 % . During pregnancy volume of water in organism increases . Deficiency or dehydration can lead to change of metabolic processes in organism and to lethal outcome.
  • The day time ration of the pregnant woman should include not less than 1-1.5l of water.
slide13
IRON
  • During pregnancy arises additional requirement for iron. It spends for needs of a fetus, and for increased volume of blood of the pregnant woman.
  • Iron is a component of hemoglobin.
  • As the result of the deficiency of iron, anemia has been developing. That condition complicated by chronical fetal hypoxia and with delayed development of fetus .
  • Rich by Iron are : liver, red meat, apples, a black currant, dried fruit.
c alcium
CALCIUM
  • The basic structural element of a bone stock. Deficiency of calcium leads to spasms of gastrocnemius muscles, to destruction of a teeth, osteoporosis (fragility) of bones.
  • At lack of calcium of the pregnant woman it is necessary to resort to additional administration of calcium salts in the form of special mineral additives to food.
  • Contains in: milk, cottage cheese, cheese, yoghurt, parsley.
magnesium
MAGNESIUM
  • Magnesium possesses spasmolytic and vasodilating properties, stimulates work of intestines.
  • Contains in:
  • haricot
  • buckwheat
  • oatmeal
  • chick-pea
iodine
IODINE
  • Contains in all tissues of an organism, but its basic quantity is concentrated in a thyroid gland.
  • Lack of iodine results to violation of functions of a thyroid gland, decrease in intellectual development.
  • During pregnancy the charge of iodine in an organism of the woman increases, in consequence of that its lack should be filled by means of iodine containing preparations .
slide17
Food for pregnant woman might be tasty and useful, and the main thing - it should be prepared with love.