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Fundamentals of Theatre Arts History of the Theatre Greeks through Elizabethan Origins of Theatre Storytelling ancient cultures. 20,000 – 30,000 years old. Egyptians. 2,500 – 3,300 BC. “Murder of Wheat God Osiris by his Enemy Set” Done on a boat in the Nile River.

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fundamentals of theatre arts

Fundamentals of Theatre Arts

History of the Theatre

Greeks through Elizabethan

origins of theatre
Origins of Theatre
  • Storytelling ancient cultures. 20,000 – 30,000 years old.
  • Egyptians. 2,500 – 3,300 BC. “Murder of Wheat God Osiris by his Enemy Set” Done on a boat in the Nile River.
  • Ritual Ceremonies born out of religious experiences.
greeks 500 b c 100 b c
City of Dionysia

3-day Spring Festival with food, wine, drunkeness, orgies, and entertainment.

Play contests by Euripedes, Aristophanes, Aeschylus, Sophecles

Play Contest using comedy and tragedy.

Dithyrambs – chants sung by performers.

All male cast.

Costumes – masks and robes.

Greeks 500 B.C. – 100 B.C.
greeks
Greeks
  • Theatre Building was on side of hill and grew in to “theatron”.
greek effects
Greek Effects
  • Opera developed out of Greek performances.
  • Burlesque developed out of Greek interludes of comedy.
  • Definition of Comedy and Tragedy
  • Use of costuming and masks.
romans 100 b c 800 a d
Romans stole ideas from Greeks using Greek characters and stories.

Playwrights became recognized with Plautus, Seneca, Terrence.

Male Actors.

Spectacle became the norm with gladiators, races, sea battles, public killings.

Romans 100 B.C. – 800 A.D.
romans
Romans
  • Amphitheatre was built to hold 15,000 spectators. Amphitheatre used trap doors, back drop façade.
  • Arena theatre much like football stadium today.
roman effects
Roman Effects
  • Spectacle
  • Arena style theatre
  • Trap doors, entrances for actors and audiences.
  • Back drop or facades.
medieval times 900 1400 s
Medieval Times 900 – 1400’s
  • European influences.
  • Church became the power and influence. Religious plays were performed depicting Bible incidents such as Passion Plays.
medieval times
Medieval Times
  • Morality plays depicted human struggle for perfection and exploring the seven deadly sins of man. “Everyman” was written by anonymous Dutchman.
medieval times 900 1400 s11
Medieval Times 900 – 1400’s
  • Pageant wagon players.
  • France had women performing.
  • Farce and comedy develops.
elizabethan 1400 s 1600 s
Commedia dell’arte: old man Pantelone, smart servant Harlequine, doctor Dottore, young lovers and females were used.Elizabethan 1400’s-1600’s
elizabethan theatre
Elizabethan Theatre
  • William Shakespeare changed performances. Used men as women. Designed costumes, props, staging.
asian theatre
Asian Theatre
  • No Theatre – over 240 plays written by father/son. Main character is Shite, the doer.
  • No used masks.
  • All male.
  • Performed on cypress wood stage 18’ wide set on carthen jars.
asian theatre16
Asian Theatre
  • Kabuki – Ka is song, bu is dance, ki is skill.
  • Used women.
  • Used elaborate makeup and costumes with exaggerated movement.