Charlemagne Karl der Grosse (Charles the Great). King of Franks 1 st Holy Roman Emperor 742-814. He changed the course of history. By Beginning the Carolingian Renaissance By spreading Christianity By uniting almost all of Europe By protecting the Holy Roman Church
King of Franks
1st Holy Roman Emperor
They were descendants of Germanic tribes who had migrated throughout Europe.
They inhabited the previous Roman province of Gaul and were ruled by King Merovech.
This Monarchy gave way to civil wars and eventually broke into 4 sub-kingdoms
Green: Frankish territory in 480 Pink: Tributaries of Charlemagne
Light Green: Further conquests of Clovis
Orange: Conquests of Charlemagne (Saxony, Lombardy, Bavaria, Thuringia, Burgundy, Frisia, Pannonia and the Spanish March)
“To do service and reverence as far as a freeman may, and not at any time of my life withdraw myself from your power. At my death my property shall return to your hands.”