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Ch. 10 – Word Identification. Short Vowels Onsets & Rimes Consonant Clusters & Digraphs Long Vowels R-Controlled Vowels Special Vowel Combinations Phonic Generalizations. Short Vowels. After consonants are taught Before long vowels Most first words are c-v-c. Short Vowels.

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ch 10 word identification

Ch. 10 – Word Identification

Short Vowels

Onsets & Rimes

Consonant Clusters & Digraphs

Long Vowels

R-Controlled Vowels

Special Vowel Combinations

Phonic Generalizations

short vowels
Short Vowels
  • After consonants are taught
  • Before long vowels
  • Most first words are c-v-c
short vowels1
Short Vowels
  • How to teach?
    • Direct practice
    • Connected Text Reading
      • Decodable books

Reading A-Z

onsets and rimes
Onsets and Rimes
  • Onsets: the part of the syllable that comes before the vowel
  • Rimes: AKA phonograms or word families
  • Provides strategy for identifying unknown words
onsets rimes games
Onsets & Rimes- Games
  • Tic-Tac-Toe
  • Hink Pinks
  • Make a Crazy Story
make a crazy story
Make a Crazy Story
  • Mary went for a walk with her cat bat. They sat in the park for awhile and played with a small tall dog.
clusters digraphs activities
Clusters & Digraphs Activities
  • Word sorts
  • Group-Response Activity

“She wore braces now her teeth are __

He is not weak, he is ___”

long vowel sounds
Long Vowel Sounds
  • Easier to learn
  • Sounds like the name
  • Same teaching strategies as Short Vowels
  • Writing
r controlled vowels
R-Controlled Vowels
  • When a vowel is followed by an R
  • Hard to learn
  • Many variations for same sound
  • How to teach?
    • Read stories
    • Matching activity (hands-on)
special vowel combinations
Special Vowel Combinations
  • Dipthong: gliding sound
  • Digraph: 2 vowels make 1 sound
  • Not taught as separate categories, but fall under Special Vowel Combinations
    • Infrequent and/or too many exceptions
phonic generalizations
Phonic Generalizations
  • Teach after basics
  • Obviously aids reading fluency
  • Provide opportunities
    • Memorize vs. Internalize
phonic generalizations1
Phonic Generalizations
  • Common Vowel
    • Short vowels between 2 consonants
      • 71%
    • When 2 vowels are together the first one does the talking
      • 34%
    • Silent e at the end means a long vowel before
      • 57%
phonic generalizations2
Phonic Generalizations
  • Can you think of any?
phonic generalizations3
Phonic Generalizations
  • Obstacles
    • Prompting
    • Many exceptions to the rules
      • “get” “friend” “way” “sew” “bread”
    • Can you think of any?
phonic generalizations4
Phonic Generalizations
  • Help with Onsets and Rimes
  • “The human brain appears to have greater facility for detecting patterns than for applying rules”
phonic myths
Phonic Myths
  • Direct –Practice activities are good enough
  • Middle & High School will never get it
  • It’s for bright students only
  • It’s the only way to teach reading