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Stephen Pompea and Andrea Schweitzer. Broad concept.
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Broad concept Global celebrationin developed and developing countries alike, of astronomy and its contributions to society and culture, stimulating worldwide interest not only in astronomy, but in science in general, with a particular slant towards young people and education at all levels. In unison with UN millennium development goals Where? Everywhere! For whom? People of all ages (but particularly young people), all continents, all paths of life
The International Year of Astronomy Vision To help the citizens of the world rediscover their place in the Universe through the day and night time sky, and thereby engage a personal sense of wonder and discovery. Celebration A global celebration of astronomy and its contributions to society and culture, highlighted by the 400th anniversary of the first use of an astronomical telescope by Galileo. http://astronomy2009.org
Why in 2009? • To commemorate the 400th anniversary of Galileo’s first observations through a telescope in 1609 • To celebrate 400 years of astronomy with telescopes since then Galileo Galilei1564-1642
How IYA Began • First proposed by Franco Pacini of Italy to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Galileo’s first observations through a telescope • Approved by the International Astronomical Union in 2006 • United Nations approval in December 2007 • U.S. House of Representatives Resolution in July 2008 • Over 130 nations participating!
U.S. Goal for IYA “To offer an engaging astronomy experience to every person in the country, nurture existing partnerships and build new connections to sustain public interest.”
How will we do all this? • Coordinate and give visibility to existing programs • Create new IYA materials • Recruit LOTS of volunteers!
Activities in the US US Goal To offer an engaging astronomy experience to every person in the country, nurture existing partnerships and build new connections to sustain public interest. US Themes • Looking Through a Telescope • Dark Skies Are a Universal Resource • Astronomy in Arts, Entertainment & Storytelling • Research Experiences for Students, Teachers, and Citizen-Scientists • Telescope Kits & Optics • Sharing the Universe Through New Technology • The Universe for Classrooms and Families http://astronomy2009.us
NASA and IYA: Our Goals NASA activities support the U.S. goal for IYA, and are aligned with U.S. themes NASA aims to: • Provide opportunities for youth and adults to make their own observations of the universe • Increase awareness of astronomy, including misconceptions • Strengthen interest in science and science education • Enhance collaboration across and beyond NASA
NASA and IYA: Our Strategy NASA’s Approach • Capitalize on public interest in NASA’s scientific discoveries and missions to support US goals. • Convey observation and exploration as an ongoing human endeavor. • Commitment to reaching new audiences • Central website portal with monthly themes that provides a framework for planning. • Topic related to key events and activities • Celestial objects to observe • NASA space science mission events • Events for students, educators, and the public • Related resources and activities for educators and families http://astronomy2009.nasa.gov
Getting Involved: Observing Experiences MicroObservatory • A network of 5 telescopes • Automated, weather-proof • Control via the Internet • Intuitive web interface • E-mail response after image taken • Half million images since 1998 • Users in all 50 states Technical Details: 6in Maksutov reflector B,V,R,I, ND-4 filters 650x500 pixel at 5”/pxl 1º x 0.75º field http://www.microobservatory.org
Working Together: Community Partners From Earth to the Universe • Global Cornerstone Project • Bring beautiful images of the cosmos to non-traditional venues such as public parks and gardens, art museums, shopping • Prototype FETTU outdoor exhibition held at Albert Dock in Liverpool, UK • Semi-permanent exhibits in Chicago and Atlanta; traveling version with multiple stops across the US http://fromearthtotheuniverse.org
MicroObservatory Spitzer Chandra Hubble Working Together: Community Partners Great Observatories Image Unveilings • Spectacular multi-wavelength views from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, Spitzer Space Telescope, and Chandra X-ray Observatory • Large-scale prints of Messier 101 to be unveiled at science centers, museums, planetaria, and schools nationwide February 14-18 • Second event later in the year • Opportunities for Night Sky Network star parties and activities with MicroObservatory! Example above: Messier 51 Object to be unveiled in February is Messier 101 http://hubblesource.stsci.edu/iya
Kepler: NASA’s first mission capable of detecting Earth-sized planets! Scheduled to launch in March. http://kepler.nasa.gov Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter: Will map the Moon in amazing detail; companion LCROSS payload will impact the Moon! LCROSS star party scheduled for August 1. http://lunar.gfsc.nasa.gov and http://lcross.arc.nasa.gov Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Misison 4: Bringing exciting new capabilities to the Hubble Space Telescope! http://hubblesite.org Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer: Making a complete inventory of nearby young stars and their dusty disks! http://wise.ssl.berkeley.edu NASA Mission Events
The Portal to the Universe • The Portal to the Universe • — A one-stop universe of news • Enabling access: To aggregate (pull) from content providers incl. all astronomy-related dynamic content (e.g. RSS feeds of blogs, images, news, etc) and distribute (push) to the users; • Index and archive: To collect and maintain a central repository of useful information, including resources such as educational materials and more, addresses for all astronomy stakeholders such as amateur clubs, planetariums, observatories etc. • Enabling communication and collaboration: Create and maintain a network of all stakeholders incl. establishing a social network for all astronomy interested. www.portaltotheuniverse.org
Looking Through a Telescope • Galileoscope www.astronomy2009.us/optics/galileoscope/ • How to Host a Star Party or Event www.astronomy2009.us/howtohost/ • Discovery Guides www.astrosociety.org/iya/guides.html
Design a telescope kit of high educational utility and optical quality Manufacture and distribute one million inexpensive but high-quality telescope kits Build in maximum educational value and utility: Integrate kits into basic inquiry-based educational material on image formation and telescopes for more extended education programs. Design a professional development programme for educators to increase the reach of the kit Chair: Rick Fienberg (USA) Galileoscope Millions looking at the sky www.galileoscope.org
Galileoscope Millions looking at the sky
Discovery Guides Each IYA Discovery Guide includes: • Monthly theme • Hands-on activity • NASA’s featured celestial object and how to find it in the sky www.astrosociety.org/iya/guides.html
Dark Skies are a Universal Resource • Star Counting Programs - GLOBE at Night - Great World Wide Star Count • National Park Service Initiative www.darksky.org
GLOBE at Night • March 16-28, 2009 • Look toward the constellation Orion • Record your results online www.globe.gov/GaN/
Great World Wide Star Count • October 9-23, 2009 • In the northern hemisphere, look toward the constellation Cygnus the Swan www.windows.ucar.edu/citizen_science/starcount/index.html
Sharing the Universe Through New Technology • “365 Days of Astronomy” podcasts • Portal to the Universe - all-in-one Web site • Astronomy Island in Second Life • WorldWide Telescope, a virtual telescope by Microsoft
365 Days of Astronomy Podcasts • One podcast per day, for all 365 days of IYA2009. • The podcast episodes are written, recorded and produced by people around the world. • You can sponsor a podcast for $25. • www.365DaysOfAstronomy.org
NASA’s Saturn Observing Campaign • March 8-28, 2009 • Help support NASA’s Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn soc.jpl.nasa.gov/index.cfm
IYA2009 Programs • 100 Hours of Astronomy www.100hoursofastronomy.org • From Earth to the Universe (FETTU) www.fromearthtotheuniverse.org • PBS Special “400 Years of the Telescope” www.400years.org Airing April 14th at 10pm
100 Hours of Astronomy • The goal is to have as many people as possible worldwide look through a telescope • April 2-5, 2009 with the Moon at first quarter for early evening observing • Saturn will be an observing highlight • International webcasts • Opening event featuring Galileo’s original telescope www.100HoursofAstronomy.org
100 Hours of Astronomy (cont.) • Science centers, planetariums and science museums will participate with: • Live webcasts • Live observations using remote telescopes • Public observing by amateur astronomy groups • 24-hour live webcast from research observatories worldwide • 24-hour global star party including the International Sidewalk Astronomy Night April 4th www.SidewalkAstronomyNight.com
Image Exhibit: From Earth to the Universe Host a local astronomy image exhibit • 100 astronomical images with captions • Can be as simple as using your home printer and hanging images in a hallway, or as big as an outdoor or airport exhibit www.FromEarthToTheUniverse.org
400 Years of the Telescope PBS TV show and planetarium show in spring 2009 --MPT Airing, April 14th at 10pm, and Md. Science Center planetarium show in June www.400years.org
How You Can Get Involved in IYA Find “Get Involved in IYA” information sheets at: www.astronomy2009.us/GetInvolved/ • General public • Families • Amateur astronomers • Teachers • Homeschool groups • Science centers and Planetaria • Professors and graduate students
Help Spread IYA Logos IYA International Logo www.astronomy2009.org/resources/branding/ and IYA U.S. Logo www.astronomy2009.us/newscenter/logo-graphics/ • On your website as an IYA Supporter • Available on T-shirts, mugs, etc. as a fundraiser International logos: shop.cafepress.com/iya2009 US logos: zazzle.com/iya2009+gifts
Participate in… • GLOBE at Night star counting March 16 – 28, 2009 www.globe.gov/GaN • Earth Hour – turn out the lights! Saturday, March 28, 2009 www.EarthHour.org • 100 Hours of Astronomy April 2 – 5, 2009 www.100hoursofastronomy.org • Great World-wide Star Count Oct 9-23, 2009 www.windows.ucar.edu/citizen_science/starcount/
Local Goals • New Astronomy Audiences • New Partnerships • New Tools • New Ideas • …for years to come.
New Tools • Revised Activities: Phases of Venus and Jupiter’s Moons
New Virtual Tools • Podcasts 365 Days of Astronomy • Island in Second Life • WorldWide Telescope, virtual telescope by Microsoft
New Partnerships • Professional astronomers • Amateur and backyard astronomers • Observatories, planetaria • Science centers • NASA • Universities and colleges • K-12 teachers and schools • Community groups, Scouts • Online communities, Second Life • The public • You!