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Russian Revolutionary Festivals: The Making of a New Time. Mark D. Steinberg. “365 Revolutionary Days” Building panel for the festival of the first anniversary of the October revolution, 7 November 1918.

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russian revolutionary festivals the making of a new time
Russian Revolutionary Festivals: The Making of a New Time

Mark D. Steinberg

“365 Revolutionary Days”

Building panel for the festival of the first anniversary of the October revolution,

7 November 1918

slide2
“The anniversary of the October Revolution became the first day of a new era”- Semen Rodov, a young Proletkult (Proletarian Culture movement) writer

Procession of workers, Petrograd, 7 November 1918

K. Petrov-Vodkin design for Theater Square, Petrograd, 7 November 1918

slide3
“The anniversary of the October Revolution became the first day of a new era”- Semen Rodov, a young Proletkult (Proletarian Culture movement) writer

Mars Field illumination, Petrograd, 7 November 1918

V. and A. Vesnin, design for Trinity Tower entrance to Moscow Kremlin, 7 November 1918

slide4
“The anniversary of the October Revolution became the first day of a new era”- Semen Rodov, a young Proletkult (Proletarian Culture movement) writer
designs for first anniversary of october revolution 7 november 1918
Designs for First Anniversary of October Revolution, 7 November 1918

Proletkult design for Smolny institute facade, Petrograd

Nikolai Tyrsa street decoration, Petrograd

slide9
Proletcult designed flag for Smolny

Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, design for the Admiralty, Petrograd

Engraving of Smolny institute (Bolshevik headquarters in Petrograd 1917)

slide10
Natan Altman, Designs for Uritsky (formerly Palace) Square for first anniversary celebrations, 1918

“I did not seek harmony with the old but contrast with it.” – Natan Altman

slide12
Arch at entry to Smolny (slogan in light bulbs)

“Soviet Constitution” Obelisk, Moscow

“Triumph of Labor” Arch (Liteinyi St.)

slide13
Banner at first anniversary procession, 7 November 1918

May Day 1921 poster

Banners at funeral for fallen in February revolution, 1917

slide14
Sergei Gerasimov,

“Lord of the Earth”

Panel for city Duma building, Moscow 1918

slide18
Sergei Konënkov, “To Those Who Fell in the Struggle for Peace and the Brotherhood of Peoples” – unveiled 7 November 1918, Moscow Kremlin
slide19
…Come down from the cross,

crucified people

And be transformed . . .

Roar, land, with the final storm,

Gather for battle, for the feast,

Let a new day shine in the azure,

The old world transfigured.

-- from Mikhail Gerasimov, Sergei Esenin, and Sergei Klychkov, “Kantata” (1918)

slide20
1. Saviors: titans, gods, and messiahs

“To the Sorrow of All the Bourgeois We will Fan a World Conflagration,” 1918

“The Lord of the World will be Labor: Three Years of Proletarian Dictatorship,” 1920

Ignaty Nivinsky, “Red Lightning,” 1919

slide21
from Vladimir Kirillov, “Iron Messiah” (1918)

There he is—savior, master of the earth,

Multi-faced and insurgent.

He strides across the abyss of the seas.

Made of steel, undeviating and aspiring,

He scatters sparks of rebellious ideas,

And spews cleansing flames.

Wherever his powerful shout rings forth,

The depths of the earth reveal themselves,

Mountains give way in an instant before him,

The world's poles draw closer.…

A new sun he brings to the world…

He erases boundaries and borders.

With his crimson banner—symbol of struggle

We will crush the yoke of fate,

And capture enchanting paradise.

Boris Kustodiev, “The Bolshevik,” 1920

slide22
“Let the ruling classes shudder before the communist revolution” (Poster for fifth anniversary of the revolution, 1922)

Gustav Klutsis, “Electrification of the Whole Country,” 1920

slide25
2. Wings

Banner for Mars Field, Petrograd 1918: “Glory” in flight

Konënkov, “To Those Who Fell in the Struggle…”

7 November 1918, Moscow Kremlin

Wall decoration, first anniversary, Petrograd

slide28
3. The solar myth of the revolution

“From Ruination to Creation”

Panel design by E. R. Eberling for anniversary celebrations, Petrograd 1918

slide29
Typical solar-mythic imagery (“cosmism” “astronomic hyperbole”):

The “sun of the new Lord”

The “sun of universal love”

The “Sun of Eternity”

“A universal dawn”

“A new sun”

“Becoming the sun”

Alexander Apsit, “One Year of Proletarian Dictatorship” (1918)

slide32
4. Apocalypse

Wall decoration by unknown artist, Petrograd, 1918:

“Revolutionary procession”

slide33
“Mystery Bouffe”

7-9 November 1918

Text: Mayakovsky

Staging: Meyerhold

Set: Malevich

Mayakovsky in photo montage by Rodchenko, 1926

slide34
V. Mayakovsky, design for “Mystery Bouffe,” 1918:

“The Promised Land”(обетованная страна)

slide35
Lenin’s “Monumental propaganda,” 1918 (inspired by Campanella’s La città del Sole (1602))

Marx

Blanqui

Heine

Danton

slide38
Vladimir Mother of God, 12th century

Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, “Petrograd, 1918” (1920)

slide43
Vladimir Tatlin, “Monument to the Third International,” 1919-20

(Planned for third anniversary of the October revolution, Petrograd)

slide44
Easter 1917 Poster (March)

“Christ is risen” (traditional Easter greeting)

“Long live the republic!”

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