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Out of the Shadows . What We Should Know About Undocumented Students in Higher Education Dr. Tom Nerini, Western Washington University. Overview. Undocumented Population Background – Undocumented students & education Student issues Institutional issues Best practices.

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Out of the Shadows

What We Should Know About Undocumented Students in Higher Education

Dr. Tom Nerini,

Western Washington University


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Overview

  • Undocumented Population

  • Background –

    • Undocumented students & education

  • Student issues

  • Institutional issues

  • Best practices


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Undocumented Population

  • 11 million undocumented immigrants in the US

  • Increase by about 500,000 per year

  • 1:6 are children

  • 65,000 graduate from high school each year


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Background

  • 1982 – Plyler v Doe

  • 1986 – Leticia A. v UC Regents & CSU Board of Regents

  • 1991- Bradford v UC Regents

  • 1996 – IIRIRA Illegal Immigration Reform & Immigrant Responsibility Act


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IIRIRA

Section 505

  • (a) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an alien who is not lawfully present in the United States shall not be eligible on the basis of residence within a State (or a political subdivision) for any postsecondary education benefit unless a citizen or national of the United States is eligible for such a benefit (in no less an amount, duration, and scope) without regard to whether the citizen or national is such a resident (IIRIRA, 505, 1996).


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Instate tuition laws

  • Texas - California - Illinois

  • Kansas - Nebraska - New Mexico

  • New York - Oklahoma - Washington


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Student Issues

  • Immigration Status

  • Education

  • Family


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Immigration Status

  • Deportation

  • Attitudes

  • Limitations


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Education

  • Hope & Despair

  • Cost & Financial Aid

  • Community Climate


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Family

  • Safety & Security

  • Economic Issues

  • Support for Higher Education


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Institutional issues

  • Enrollment

  • Retention

  • External Affairs


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Conclusions

  • What’s the use?

  • What can we do?

    • Dream Act

    • Key campus contact

    • Increase college knowledge

    • Review campus policies


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Resources

  • NILC - www.nilc.org

  • DREAM listserv - huynh@nilc.org

  • MALDEF- www.maldef.org

  • Pew Hispanic Center - www.pewhispanic.org

  • www.americanvoiceonline.org

  • www.newcomm.org

  • www.immigrationpolicy.org

  • www.wecanstopthehate.org


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Questions & suggestions

  • Tom.nerini@wwu.edu

  • Utahmentor.org