HOLISTIC HEALING. Holistic Health Care. HOLISM HOLISTIC HEALTH CARE. The interaction between the whole person and the environment Connection of the physical, social, emotional, spiritual and environmental factors
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HOLISTIC HEALING Holistic Health Care
HOLISMHOLISTIC HEALTH CARE • The interaction between the whole person and the environment • Connection of the physical, social, emotional, spiritual and environmental factors • Holistic health care: considers the whole person and how areas of concern are linked • Holistic health care: health promotion, illness prevention, health education, health maintenance, and rehabilitative care.
Alternative and Complementary Therapies • Alternative • Not necessarily accepted by mainstream medical practice • Complementary • Used in conjunction with conventional medical therapies
Historical Influences • Issues of balance, life force, energy • Hippocrates wrote about effects of therapeutic massage (Greece) • Egyptians used aromatherapy to ease pain • 1800’s rosemary leaves were burned in hospitals for fumigation • Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese practice • Native Medicine Wheel; flow of spirit
Allopathic Perspective(Western medicine) • Health is absence of disease • Focus on cure • Mind and body treated separately • Technology; repair of damaged parts • Disease occurs from causative agents • Healing depends on outside agents • Health care provider plays an active role • Person who receives care is passive
Alternative (Integrative)Perspective • Holistic view of health • Balance of mind, body and spirit • Mind and body are one • Disease is a result of imbalance • Goal is to restore harmony and balance • Body has natural ability to heal • Client plays the most important role in healing • Work in partnership with health care provider
Relaxation Biofeedback Imagery Yoga Meditation Music therapy Humour Hypnosis Prayer Others? MIND-BODY THERAPIESUsing the mind to heal the body
TOUCH THERAPIES • Healing through touch is an ancient practice. • Cultures have different attitudes toward touch • Requires special training • Therapeutic massage • Reflexology • Acupressure
OTHER THERAPIES • Aromatherapy • Reiki (Japanese) • Acupuncture • Chiropractic therapy • Herbal medicine/nutritional therapies • Naturopathy • Homeopathy
NURSE AS HEALER • Nurses are concerned with the whole person • Holistic nursing is a recognized practice • Have a strong knowledge base • Respect for differences • Assess client’s perspective • Healing and concern for patient are key • Holistic nursing practices are complementary • Development of a holistic self