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Clinical Trials – An Academic Perspective. Mohammed Milhem, MD University of Iowa. General. 3 % of adult cancer patients nationwide enroll in clinical trials each year Advances in cancer treatment depend on clinical trials Barriers to treatment are both patient related and physician related.

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clinical trials an academic perspective

Clinical Trials –An Academic Perspective

Mohammed Milhem, MD

University of Iowa

general
General
  • 3 % of adult cancer patients nationwide enroll in clinical trials each year
  • Advances in cancer treatment depend on clinical trials
  • Barriers to treatment are both patient related and physician related
university of iowa
University of Iowa
  • Last year saw 3,274 new cancer patients
  • 278 cancer patients were placed on treatment clinical trials
  • Accrual rate 8.5%
  • Clinical Trials Support Core supports 21 oncologists
  • Still not enough
academic centers expectations
Academic Centers—Expectations
  • Investigator initiated trials
  • Capabilities of translational research
  • Capacity for a phase I, II, III trials
  • Access to diverse group of patients
  • Access to complex patients
  • Access to National Groups
limitations funding
Limitations—Funding
  • A recent survey of 122 major academic medical centers in the US revealed that 79% of all clinical trials were sponsored by private industry, and 76% of funding for clinical investigations came from private, for-profit companies
  • It is unlikely that this trend of increasing industry-supported clinical research will reverse or even slow down
  • Slow process to get trial up and running
slide6

Investigator initiated

Industry

National

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trial Approved by Investigator

Clinical Trials Support Core Office

Contract Office

Sponsored Programs

PRMC

Radiation Committee

Study Open For Accrual

IRB

TIME === 4-6 months

slide7
PRMC
  • Peer Review and Monitoring Committee
  • Once a month meeting
  • 10 trial limit, first come first serve
  • Cooperative group studies undergo an administrative meeting
  • Industry and investigator initiated undergo a scientific meeting
  • Investigator initiated trials take the longest time
sarcoma related trials
Sarcoma Related Trials
  • Rare tumor-need of a centralized system
  • Last year no sarcoma trials, no patients accrued on trials
  • University of Iowa joins SARC
  • 2 clinical trials obtained from this national group currently open at the University
  • 2 industry sponsored trials open and actively accruing patients
  • 1 Cancer Center supported investigator initiated trial for sarcoma tissue banking
clinical studies
Clinical Studies

4 Open studies.

ARIAD= 4 pts

3 clinical

Yondelis= 1pt

SARC 006= 0 pt

1 collection study

  • 3 Pending studies
  • 2 Studies under consideration
  • 2 Pediatric trials open for bone sarcomas
  • 1 Study on hold
system barriers
System Barriers
  • Slow process ~ not efficient
  • High start up fees
  • Meet more frequently is difficult
  • Need more reviewers for the PRMC
  • More clinical trial support core employees
  • ? Is It faster in the private sector
  • ? Investigator initiated trials
barriers patient related issues
Barriers ~Patient Related Issues
  • Logistic factors such as driving distance or time demands
  • Concerns about being treated at a university center and of losing continuity with their primary oncologist
  • The relationship with their primary oncologist was of very high importance to elderly patients
physician related barriers
Physician-Related Barriers
  • The potential presence of co-morbid conditions aside from those excluded by the protocol
  • Anticipating that older patients would have difficulty understanding the requirements of a clinical trial
  • The logistics and time involved in enrolling older patients onto clinical trials
barriers to minority group participation in cancer clinical trials
Barriers to Minority Group Participation in Cancer Clinical Trials
  • Mistrust-confusion between medical care and research
  • Lack of awareness
  • Lack of invitation
  • Cultural beliefs
  • Eligibility criteria/comorbid conditions
  • Cost/lack of insurance
  • Language/linguistic differences
  • Physician lack of awareness

Intercultural Cancer Council. Cancer Clinical Trials: Participation by Underrepresented Populations

http://iccnetwork.org/cancerfacts/cfs11.htm

barriers to true voluntary participation
Barriers to True Voluntary Participation
  • Desire on the part of patient to please a family member or physician
  • A feeling by the patient that no other options exist
  • Perceptions by patients that they are required to be in clinical trial
solutions
Solutions
  • Providing more information about trials to the community oncologists as well as the prospective enrollees
  • Creating more supportive systems to help patients navigate the complex terrain leading to a clinical trial especially for elderly patients
  • Mechanisms to facilitate the ability of the primary oncologist to deliver such a trial via a network approach-constant communication
  • Experience with SARC as a national program for being a designated site
solutions17
Solutions
  • Another potential mechanism for enhancing enrollment, and one certainly consistent with the overall goals of oncology, would be to seek treatments that have a higher therapeutic-to-toxicity ratio
  • Oral medications, easier to give, better models. Example: ARIAD maintenance study
  • Trials that are easy to administer, require less frequent visits and are not cumbersome for the patient
  • Actively engage with the patient on trial to help maintain the trust
better utilization of resources
Better Utilization of Resources
  • Select trials that have been open for a while
  • Don’t try to open every trial
  • Open trials for different tumor populations and at different stages of their disease ( complimentary)
  • Continually assess trial status – if not accruing close it
  • Replace trials that accrued well, as this is serving an active population
  • Co-ordinate in network the opening of trials
slide19

Thank You

Grant Wood

Fall Plowing