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Presentation Gallery with Key Indicators PowerPoint Presentation
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Presentation Gallery with Key Indicators

Presentation Gallery with Key Indicators

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Presentation Gallery with Key Indicators

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  1. Presentation Gallery with Key Indicators

  2. Child mortality, 2006 • Infant mortality – 71 per 1,000 live births • Under 5 mortality – 111 per 1,000 live births • Under 5 morality rate is higher for male children (131 deaths) compared to female children (89 death) higher • Mortality higher among children of women with low levels of education and among children in rural areas

  3. Infant and under-five mortality rates by sex and area, Ghana, 2006

  4. Nutrition Status, 2006 • 18% and 3% of children under-5 years are underweight and severely underweight respectively • Malnourishment peaks at age 12-23 months; 22 percent of children are stunted and 5 percent wasted • Children in the Upper East and Northern regions of the country are more underweight, stunted and wasted • Boys are more slightly underweight, stunted and wasted than girls.

  5. Percentage of children under-5 who are undernourished, 2006 lll

  6. Breastfeeding, 2006 • About 55% of children below 6 months are exclusively breastfed with 65% for children aged 0-3 months • Among children 6-9 months, 69% receive breast milk and solid or semi-solid foods • 95% still being breastfed at 12-15 months, and by age 20-23 months 56% are still being breastfed

  7. Percentage of mothers who started breastfeeding within one hour and within one day of birth, 2006

  8. Breastfeeding, 2006

  9. Salt Iodization, 2006 • Salt is not iodized in 42% of households tested • 32% of households use adequately iodized salt (> 15 parts per million (ppm)) and 18% of households use some but not adequately iodized salt (< 15 ppm) • The use of adequately iodized salt is twice as high in urban as compared to rural areas

  10. Percentage of Households using adequately iodized salt, 2006

  11. Vitamin A Supplement, 2006 • 60% of children aged 6-59 months receive a high dose of Vitamin A supplement • 7% of children 6-59 months never received the supplement

  12. Percent of children under 5 years that received a high dose of Vitamin A supplement in the last 6 months, 2006

  13. Low birth weight, 2006 • Out of 40% of children weighed at birth, approximately 9% are below 2500 grams • No significant variation in low birth weight by background characteristics

  14. Percentage of infants weighing less than 2,500 grams at Birth, Ghana, 2006

  15. Immunization, 2006 • Overall, more than 85.2 % of children had health cards • 64% of children aged 12-23 months are fully immunized before the age of 12 months and more than 73% of children 2-23 months have all the required vaccinations • About 94% of children aged 12-23 months receive a BCG vaccination by the age of 12 months • First dose of (DPT)HH is given to 94% of children aged 12-23 months, 89% of the same age group receive second dose and 81% of the same age group receive the third dose • 96% of children aged 12-23 months receive polio by age 12 months and third dose, only 80%

  16. Percentage of children aged 12-23 months who received the recommended vaccinations by 12 months, Ghana, 2006

  17. Tetanus Toxoid for pregnant women, 2006 • Protection level of women who have had a live birth within the last 2 years against tetanus is generally high peaking at 81% at age 30-34 years • 64% of women receive at least 2 doses during the last pregnancy

  18. Percentage of women with a live birth in the last 12 months who are protected against neonatal tetanus, Ghana, 2006 (64 percent

  19. Oral Rehydration Treatment, 2006 • 15.4% of children under-5 years had diarrhoea • 19% of children aged 0-59 months with diarrhoea are managed at home • Only 9% of infants under 12 months are managed at home as compared to 31 percent of those aged 24-35 months

  20. Percentage of children aged 0-59 with diarrhoea who received ORT or increased fluids, AND continued feeding, Ghana, 2006

  21. Treatment of Pneumonia, 2006 During the two weeks preceding the survey • 5% had symptoms of pneumonia • Of these, 33.6% were taken to an appropriate provider • 33% of children under-5 years suspected pneumonia receive an antibiotic treatment • Generally treatment of suspected pneumonia with an antibiotic is very low among poor households • Only 2.8% of women knew of the two danger signs of pneumonia

  22. Solid fuels used for cooking, 2006 • 86% of households are using solid fuels for cooking • Solid fuels are used more in rural areas (96%) compared to urban areas (74%) • The higher the educational level of the head of household, the lower the use of solid fuels for cooking (58%) • Use of solid fuels lowest among the wealthiest households (49%) compared to poorest households (99.6%)

  23. Solid fuels used for cooking by poverty and education status, 2008 Wealth status of household Education status of household head

  24. Malaria, 2006 • 49% of households have at least one mosquito net but, only 19% of households have insecticide treated net (ITN) • 33% of children under-five sleep under a mosquito net but 22 percent sleep under an ITN • The use of ITN is higher in the rural areas (25%) than in the urban areas (16%) • 22% of children under-five were ill with fever. The prevalence of fever is lowest among infants 0-11 months old but peaked at 12-23 months old children (27 percent) • The most widely used appropriate anti-malarial drugs are chloroquine used by 42% of children aged 0-59 months with fever and armodiaquine used by 14%. • Of children with fever, 61% are treated with an appropriate anti-malarial drug and 48 percent receive the drug within 24 hours of onset of symptoms

  25. Children under 5-years sleeping under Insecticide Treated Nets by region, 2006

  26. Improved sources of drinking water and sanitary means of excreta disposal, 2006 • 38% of the population has access to pipe-borne water in their dwelling, yard or plot or public tap • 29% and 6% of the population get their drinking water from boreholes and protected wells respectively • 5% depend on sachet water for drinking water and only 0.1% drink bottled water • 78% of the population has improved sources of drinking water • 61% of the population is using improved sanitation facilities • The improved sanitation is however more prevalent in urban areas (83%) than in rural areas (50%)

  27. Percentage of households using both improved sources of drinking water and sanitary means of excreta disposal, 2006

  28. Antenatal Care, 2006 • Coverage of antenatal care is relatively high with, 92% of pregnant women aged 15-49 years receiving medical care at least once from a skilled provider • Higher antenatal care by professional health personnel is recorded in the urban areas of the country (96%) than in the rural areas (90%) • 10% of pregnant women have their blood pressure checked and weight measured • 80% have their urine tested, and 78% have a blood sample taken respectively for laboratory examination • 50% of births are delivered with the assistance of a skilled health personnel (doctors, nurse/midwife) • 49% of women deliver in a health facility. This is higher in urban areas (77%) compared to rural areas (34%)

  29. Comparison between antenatal care attendance and births attended by skilled personnel, 2006

  30. Primary school net attendance ratio, 2006

  31. Literacy, 2006 • 64%of women and 71% of men are literate • In the richest wealth quintile, 81% of women and 85% of men are literates while in the poorest wealth quintile, 30% of women and 38% of men are literate

  32. Percentage of young women and men 15-24 years that are literate, Ghana 2006

  33. Percentage of young women and men 15-24 years that are literate, Ghana 2006

  34. Birth registration, 2006 • The births of 51% of children under-five years have been registered • 79% of births to mothers with secondary and higher education are registered while only 41% of births to mothers with no education are registered • 7 out of every 10 children born in urban areas are registered compared to 4 out of 10 of children born in rural areas

  35. Percentage of children under-5 years whose births are registered, 2006

  36. Knowledge of HIV transmission, 2006 • 98% of men and 97% of women have heard of AIDS • 60% and 56% of men and women respectively know of all three main ways of preventing HIV transmission • However, comprehensive knowledge of HIV (identifying 2 prevention methods and 3 misconceptions) is 31.7% of males and 21.2% for female • 41% of men and 28% of women know that a healthy-looking person can be infected • 92% of men and 93% of women know that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child

  37. Percentage of 15-49 yrs with comprehensive knowledge on HIV/AIDS, 2006

  38. Comprehensive knowledge (identify 2 preventive methods and 3 misconceptions) by region, 2006