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Windows XP Overview. Win16 VM. OS/2. POSIX. User mode. security. Win32. Executive Services. Kernel mode. Kernel. HAL. Hardware. Architecture (from 2000). Architecture (XP adds). Blue screen of death protection often caused by incompatible device drivers

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Windows xp overview l.jpg

Windows XPOverview


Architecture from 2000 l.jpg

Win16

VM

OS/2

POSIX

User

mode

security

Win32

Executive Services

Kernel

mode

Kernel

HAL

Hardware

Architecture (from 2000)


Architecture xp adds l.jpg
Architecture (XP adds)

  • Blue screen of death protection

    • often caused by incompatible device drivers

    • XP verifies third-party drivers when you install them: warns (soft blocks) and (hard) blocks - do not install

    • system restore: takes back to a safe, working, status

  • Improved dynamic libraries handling

    • run different applications with different versions of the same DLL files

    • keep different versions of the same DLL

  • Improved memory pool management

    • optimized to handle physical memory allocation better, reducing disk-based virtual-memory use

    • amount of pages of memory that the OS can map for allocation is twice Windows 2000

  • Improved boot and registry management


Basics l.jpg
Basics

  • Install precautions

    • flash the BIOS: use CPU-z or Aida32 to find upgrade

    • download and run the XP upgrade advisor

    • press F5! XP may not detect ACPI in the BIOS: select Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) PC

    • choices: upgrade vs. clean install

    • SP2 install and resources: mostly a security upgrade

  • Customizing

    • removing Windows Messaging (!), Outlook(?) - Add remove programs/Add Remove Windows components

    • folder options in Explorer: general, view, thumbnails, filmstrips

    • selecting look: themes, background, screensaver, resolution

    • cleaning up boot: use msconfig and check site information

    • many more things to do if you wish to tinker


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Administrative Tools

  • Computer Management

    • Users and groups also acct mgmt

    • Event Viewer: how to and example

    • Disk Management

    • Defragmentation

    • Services: services to disable: telnet, terminal, wireless, firewall (?), Smart Card(?), routing and remote access, remote registry, remote desktop help, NetMeeting remote , messenger, indexing service, alerter, clipbook

  • System Information

  • Special services

    • Remote desktop

    • Security centerand ICS

    • Performance monitor (+ task manager)


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Special topics

  • Basics to improve performance

    • disk cleanup, defragmentation, spyware protection

    • decrease the number of programs in startup m

    • set preferences for performance (example)

    • set performance monitorcounters for specific areas

  • Managing the page file and memory pool

    • XP page file: overview, locating, sizing, defragmenting, counter

    • How to clear the page file at shutdown

    • How to use poolmon.exe to find kernel memory leaks

  • Multibooting

    • XP and Windows

    • XP and Linux: up to FC 1 (Fedora Core 1), FC 3 and above


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