Windows XP Overview. Win16 VM. OS/2. POSIX. User mode. security. Win32. Executive Services. Kernel mode. Kernel. HAL. Hardware. Architecture (from 2000). Architecture (XP adds). Blue screen of death protection often caused by incompatible device drivers
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Win16 VM OS/2 POSIX User mode security Win32 Executive Services Kernel mode Kernel HAL Hardware Architecture (from 2000)
Architecture (XP adds) • Blue screen of death protection • often caused by incompatible device drivers • XP verifies third-party drivers when you install them: warns (soft blocks) and (hard) blocks - do not install • system restore: takes back to a safe, working, status • Improved dynamic libraries handling • run different applications with different versions of the same DLL files • keep different versions of the same DLL • Improved memory pool management • optimized to handle physical memory allocation better, reducing disk-based virtual-memory use • amount of pages of memory that the OS can map for allocation is twice Windows 2000 • Improved boot and registry management
Basics • Install precautions • flash the BIOS: use CPU-z or Aida32 to find upgrade • download and run the XP upgrade advisor • press F5! XP may not detect ACPI in the BIOS: select Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) PC • choices: upgrade vs. clean install • SP2 install and resources: mostly a security upgrade • Customizing • removing Windows Messaging (!), Outlook(?) - Add remove programs/Add Remove Windows components • folder options in Explorer: general, view, thumbnails, filmstrips • selecting look: themes, background, screensaver, resolution • cleaning up boot: use msconfig and check site information • many more things to do if you wish to tinker
Administrative Tools • Computer Management • Users and groups also acct mgmt • Event Viewer: how to and example • Disk Management • Defragmentation • Services: services to disable: telnet, terminal, wireless, firewall (?), Smart Card(?), routing and remote access, remote registry, remote desktop help, NetMeeting remote , messenger, indexing service, alerter, clipbook • System Information • Special services • Remote desktop • Security centerand ICS • Performance monitor (+ task manager)
Special topics • Basics to improve performance • disk cleanup, defragmentation, spyware protection • decrease the number of programs in startup m • set preferences for performance (example) • set performance monitorcounters for specific areas • Managing the page file and memory pool • XP page file: overview, locating, sizing, defragmenting, counter • How to clear the page file at shutdown • How to use poolmon.exe to find kernel memory leaks • Multibooting • XP and Windows • XP and Linux: up to FC 1 (Fedora Core 1), FC 3 and above