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MIT Pistol and Rifle Club Basic Marksmanship Course. Head Instructor Joe Foley 6:00-9:30PM. Introduction. Head Instructor About the Club Student Introductions. Class Information. Need ID & Writing Implement Focus on Competitive not Defensive Satisfies State Safety Requirements

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Mit pistol and rifle club basic marksmanship course l.jpg

MIT Pistol and Rifle ClubBasic Marksmanship Course

Head Instructor

Joe Foley


Introduction l.jpg

  • Head Instructor

  • About the Club

  • Student Introductions

Class information l.jpg
Class Information

  • Need ID & Writing Implement

  • Focus on Competitive not Defensive

  • Satisfies State Safety Requirements

    • Certificate to get a LTC or FID

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Pistol Components

  • Barrel

    • Front end where bullet exits

  • Frame

    • Backbone where everything is attached

  • Action

    • Moving parts: load,fire, and unload

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Pistol Concepts

  • Double-Action

    • Pulling the trigger cocks then releases hammer

  • Single-Action

    • Pulling trigger only releases the hammer

  • Hammerless

    • Hammer is not visible (internal mechanism)

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Pistol Types

  • Revolver

    • Distinctive spinning cylinder to hold cartridges

  • Semi-Automatic

    • Uses the power released by the action of firing to load the next shot from the Magazine

  • Fully Automatic

    • Same as above, but continues to fire while the trigger is pulled

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Ammunition Types

  • Huge Variety

  • Most common pistol:

    • 22long rifle, 9mm, 45ACP

  • Large calibers are Centerfire

  • 22lr still dangerous

    • 12000PSI

    • 1 Mile

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Smith & Wesson Model 41

  • Semi-Automatic 22lr

  • Breaks down easily

  • Problem with Triggerlock

  • Adjusting sights with pennies

    • 1/8” click elevation(50ft)

    • 5/64” click windage(50ft)

    • 12 clocks per turn

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S&W Model 41(cont)

  • Disassemble

  • Parts:

    • Extractor, firing-pin

    • Slide-stop/ejector, trigger guard, hammer, safety, fore & back straps

  • Magazine vs Clip

    • Clip does not have contained spring

  • Demo feeding without barrel

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Mechanical Safety

  • A safety on a pistol is designed to reduce accidental discharge

  • It can fail – don’t trust it

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Golden Safety Rule

  • Always treat the gun as though it were loaded, even if you know it isn’t.

    • Other factors can change the state of the gun without your knowledge

  • Dummy plug

    • Verify unfireable from a distance

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Safety Rules

  • Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction

  • Always keep your guns unloaded until you are ready to shoot

  • Always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot

  • Know your target and what is beyond

  • These rules apply to Air Pistols also!

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Cease Fire

  • Stop Shooting Immediately

  • Remove your finger from the trigger

  • Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction

  • Wait for further instructions from the Range Officer

  • Anyone can call a “Cease Fire”

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  • Lead is Toxic if ingested

  • Wash hands before eating

  • One fatality known since 1820’s

    • Don’t eat/drink on the range!

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Eyes and Ears

  • Gun discharge extremely loud

    • Esp. in enclosed spaces

  • Wear Hearing protectors or Earplugs

  • Wear Eye protectors

    • Flying brass

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Shooting Fundamentals

  • Natural Point of Aim

  • Grip

  • Breath Control

  • Sight Alignment

  • Trigger Squeeze

  • Followthrough

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Natural Point of Aim

  • Find dominant eye

  • Find comfortable position

    • 45 degrees is good start

    • Feet at shoulder distance

  • Hand points at the center of the target

  • Lock wrist and elbow

  • Move back foot to adjust angle

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  • Grip should be firm

    • Not limp nor crushing

      • “Holding a child’s hand”

    • Consistent

      • Memorize how it feels

      • Non-shooting hand to adjust

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Breath Control

  • Hold breath while making the shot

    • Reduces body movement

  • 8-10 seconds before losing visual acuity

  • Take deep breaths to slow down heart-rate

  • Take a breath while lifting the gun

  • Let out small amounts of air to adjust vertical position

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Sight Alignment

  • Demo with Sight Toy

  • Focus on the front sight with Dominant Eye!

  • Tops should be even

  • Front sight in the middle of the notch

    • Equal spacing on both sides

  • Point of Aim

    • Center hold, 6-o’clock, sub-6, line of white

    • 8” sight radius: 1/16” = 5” at 50ft

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Trigger Squeeze

  • Smoothly

  • Straight to the Back

    • Without disturbing sight alignment

  • Finger placement

  • Dry firing

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Follow through

  • After making the shot, re-sight it

  • Hold it (1-2 seconds)

  • Call the shot

  • Minimizes unneccessary movement before bullet leaves barrel

  • Build muscle memory and tone

    • Rapid Fire training

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Sight Adjustment

  • Rear Sight in direction to move shots

    • Shooting high, move sights higher

  • German “bei” means “if”

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Ammunition Components

  • Case

    • Precise brass container

  • Primer

    • Senstive to shock

  • Powder

    • Nitrocellulous aka. Smokeless Powder

  • Bullet

    • Usually lead, sometimes with brass coating

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  • Burns Fast and Produces Hot Gases

  • Exponential Speed as Temperature Increases

  • Demonstration

  • High Pressure Loads (+P, +P+)

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  • Misfire

    • Fails after primer struck by firing pin

  • Hangfire

    • Slow ignition

  • Keep pistol pointed in safe direction 30 seconds before clearing the “dud”

  • Squib load

    • Underpowered

    • Check for blockage in barrel

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  • Clean each time used

  • Make sure:

    • Unloaded

    • Action Open

    • No Ammunition nearby

  • Clean from rear to reduce muzzle wear

    • Avoid denting crown

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  • Need to be inaccessible to unauthorized persons

    • Trigger Locks

    • Gunsafes

    • Locked Boxes

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  • Laws vary

  • Ask local law enforcement or legal counsel for specific rules and regulations