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Journey to European Countries. Virtual Field Trip. Europe. Physical Characteristics. The Volga River is the longest river in Europe. NEXT.

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physical characteristics
Physical Characteristics
  • The Volga River is the longest river in Europe.

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slide4
The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow body of water that connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the world's most important sea lanes.

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The English Channel is a body of water between England and France that connects the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.

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economic characteristics
Economic Characteristics
  • Chernozem is a very black topsoil, rich in humus, typical of cool to temperate semiarid regions, such as the grasslands of European Russia.
  • Europe is known for its advanced farming techniques, high crop yields, fertile soils, black earth, and well-developed infrastructure.

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The "Chunnel" links the United Kingdom and France. It opened in 1994. The Channel Tunnel lies beneath the English Channel. It consists of three parallel tubes, two of which carry trains between the United Kingdom and France. The third tube is a service tunnel. This tube supplies fresh air and maintenance access to the rail tubes, and could be used for emergency evacuation.

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The differences in Western and Eastern European industrial development is due to differing economic systems in prior years.
  • Trade is important, especially to island nations; interdependence

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European Union (EU) is an organization of 27 European countries that promotes cooperation among its members. The members cooperate in many areas, including politics and economics.
  • The union's members are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

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cultural characteristics
Cultural Characteristics
  • Europe has many ethnic groups---languages, religions, customs
  • Sporadic conflict among groups (wars and revolutions)
  • Spread of European culture to many other parts of the world (exploration, colonization, imperialism)

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Europe is highly urbanized
  • Europe is one of the world’s most densely populated areas
  • Windmills and castles are among the sights

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western europe
Western Europe

United Kingdom (Great Britain)

Click to hear the national anthem

Physical Characteristics

Economic Characteristics

Cultural Characteristics

slide13
Thames Riveris the most famous and most important river in England. The Thames is also one of the longest rivers in England.

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Grampian Mountains, also Grampian Hills, mountain system, central Scotland, forming the natural division between the Lowlands and Highlands.

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The Industrial Revolution began in Britain (a country now known as the United Kingdom) during the late 1700's. Great Britain is a major industrial and trade country.

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London is the center of culture and trade. It is home to the 2nd most people of all European countries.

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Westminster Abbey is a major landmark in London, and the site of coronation for the English monarchy.

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Big Benis the name given to the bell, clock, and clock tower of the Houses of Parliament in the Palace of Westminster in London.

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western europe20
Western Europe

France

Click to hear the national anthem

Physical Characteristics

Economic Characteristics

Cultural Characteristics

slide21
TheSeine Riverand its branches form the chief commercial waterway of France. The Seine River flows around the Ile de la Cite (Island of the City).

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The Rhine Riveris an important inland waterway in Europe. It is about 820 miles (1,320 kilometers) long and drains an area of about 86,700 square miles (224,600 square kilometers).

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TheRhone Riveris an important commercial waterway of France. It is famous for the beauty of its valley.

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Alps are the largest mountain system in Europe. The snow-capped peaks and sheltered, peaceful valleys of the Alps are among Europe's most spectacular sights.

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Massif Central, great mountainous plateau, S central France, covering almost a sixth of the surface of the country.

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The Rhine River and the Seine River have both been threatened by air and water pollution.

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Paris is the center of culture and trade. It is home to the 3rd most people of all European countries.

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TheCathedral of Notre Dame, is a famous cathedral in Paris. It stands on the Ile de la Cite, a small island in the Seine River, in the center of Paris.

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TheArc de Triomphe, in Paris is the largest triumphal arch in the world. It is known as the Arch of Triumph in English.

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The Louvreis one of the largest and most famous art museums in the world. The Louvre covers more than 40 acres (16 hectares) on the north bank of the Seine River in Paris.

TOGERMANY

western europe33
Western Europe

Germany

Click to hear the national anthem

Physical Characteristics

Economic Characteristics

Cultural Characteristics

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TheDanube Riveris the second longest river in Europe. The Danube flows 1,770 miles from southern Germany to eastern Europe.

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TheBlack Forestis a mountain district in southwestern Germany, covered with forests of dark fir and spruce trees.

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The North European Plainextends across the northern reaches of the country; this flat, lowland terrain is dissected by numerous bogs, rivers and streams, and is mostly used as farmland.

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Ruhr valleyis famous for its industrial history, originally based on coal mining and steel production and now benefiting from its industrial mix of energy production, environmental technologies and modern service industries.

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Berlin is the center of culture and trade. Berlin is home to the most people of all European countries. Berlin is Germany's capital and largest city. It has a population of about 3 1/2 million and is one of Europe's great cultural, political, and economic centers.

TOSWITZERLAND

western europe41
Western Europe

Switzerland

Click to hear the national anthem

Physical Characteristics

Economic Characteristics

Cultural Characteristics

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TheRhine Riveris an important inland waterway in Europe. The river rises in eastern Switzerland. It forms part of the borders of Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, France, and Germany.

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TheAlps are the largest mountain system in Europe. The snow-capped peaks and sheltered, peaceful valleys of the Alps are among Europe's most spectacular sights.

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The Rhine River is threatened by air and water pollution.
  • Switzerland has a well-educated workforce

Industrial and technological societies

Banking

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Switzerland is home tomany different ethnicgroups and religions.

Four (4) national languages arespoken inSwitzerland.

TOLuxembourg

western europe46
Western Europe

Luxembourg

Click to hear the national anthem

Physical Characteristics

Economic Characteristics

Cultural Characteristics

luxembourg is smaller than the state of rhode island rhode island is the smallest state in the us
Luxembourg is smaller than the state of Rhode Island. (Rhode Island is the smallest state in the US)

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slide48
Luxembourg is very prosperous. Many businesses have headquarters there. Luxembourg is home to the 2nd largest steel producing company in Europe.

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next stop

Next Stop…

Southern Europe

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