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UNIT #2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER #5 Congress LESSON #1 The National Legislature. UNIT #2 The Legislative Branch CHAPTER #5 Congress LESSON #1 The National Legislature. The Houses of Congress. -Congress is the national lawmaking body

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UNIT #2

The Legislative Branch

CHAPTER #5

Congress

LESSON #1

The National Legislature

slide2

UNIT #2

The Legislative Branch

CHAPTER #5

Congress

LESSON #1

The National Legislature

The Houses of Congress

-Congress is the national lawmaking body

-Congress is a bicameral legislature--meaning it has two houses

-The upper house is the Senate, consisting of 100 members--two per state

-The lower house is the House of Representatives (HOR), consisting of 435 members

-The number of members in the HOR is based on the population of each state

-The Reapportionment Act of 1929 set the number of members at 435

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UNIT #2

The Legislative Branch

CHAPTER #5

Congress

LESSON #1

The National Legislature

Page 2

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1990-2000

2010-2020

2000-2010

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UNIT #2

The Legislative Branch

CHAPTER #5

Congress

LESSON #1

The National Legislature

San Francisco Bay Area

Los Angeles Area

California

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UNIT #2

The Legislative Branch

CHAPTER #5

Congress

LESSON #1

The National Legislature

Changing Districts

-Since the population of states can change, so can representation

-Seats in the HOR are reapportioned, or reassigned after the census every ten years

-When states gain or lose seats in the HOR they must redraw their districts

-Political parties in power in a state often gerrymander, or try to draw districts lines so that its members will win elections

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UNIT #2

The Legislative Branch

CHAPTER #5

Congress

LESSON #1

The National Legislature

Congress’ Schedule

-Congress meets for a term

-A term begins on January 3rd of odd-numbered years

-Terms last for two years and are divided into two one year sessions

-A session is from January until November or December

-Congress recesses for holidays, vacations and to allow members to return home to their constituents

-Members of both houses must vote to adjourn

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UNIT #2

The Legislative Branch

CHAPTER #5

Congress

LESSON #1

The National Legislature

Congress’ Duties

-The HOR and the Senate have similar duties:

Pass laws

Represent what they think is best for their constituents

Oversee the workings of the federal government

Help their constituents solve problems with the federal government

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