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Surviving the Pandemic; Mental Health Issues. October 12, 2006 Alliant Energy Center, Madison, WI Barb Biddick LPC, Mental Health Team American Red Cross-Badger Chapter. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. 5. Self-Actualization 4. Status (Esteem) 3. Love/Belonging 2. Safety

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surviving the pandemic mental health issues

Surviving the Pandemic;Mental Health Issues

October 12, 2006

Alliant Energy Center, Madison, WI

Barb Biddick LPC, Mental Health Team

American Red Cross-Badger Chapter

maslow s hierarchy of needs
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
  • 5. Self-Actualization
  • 4. Status (Esteem)
  • 3. Love/Belonging
  • 2. Safety
  • 1. Physiological (biological needs)
surviving the pandemic
Surviving the Pandemic
  • A virus that has never infected humans before causes pandemic flu.
  • Vaccinations won’t be available until the virus is identified & a vaccine produced. This development can take several months.
  • Avoid crowds.
  • Wash hands.
  • Plan ahead.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention 2006

antiviral drug
Antiviral Drug
  • U.S. Dept. of HHS Secretary Leavitt announces GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) is awarded a contract of $16,833,000 to provide zanamivir (Relenza) to all 50 states, the Dist. Of Columbia, 5 U.S. territories, & 3 Freely Associated States of the Pacific at a subsidized price. 7/20/2006
  • This covers 25% of the population.
surviving the pandemic6
Surviving the Pandemic
  • Virologist Robert G. Webster states:

-We may have 5 years to prepare

Time for scientists to develop, manufacture and stock pile new seed stocks for vaccines and antiviral medications, such as Relenza and Tamiflu.

-Until then, get flu shots and pneumonia shots.

-Practice good hygiene; hand washing, don’t shake hands.

Fall 2006 AARP The Magazine

related mental health issues
Related Mental Health Issues
  • Fear of the unknown
  • Possible chaos (panic, anger) leading to crisis events
  • Those who are currently in crisis
  • Those who are chronically mentally ill
  • Stress of surviving and functioning for months before vaccine is produced
  • Communication needs
  • Scarcity of resources
  • Grief and loss concerns
  • Cumulative stress
prevent fear chaos
Prevent Fear & Chaos
  • Plan, Plan, Plan
    • Regularly provide accurate, up to date information with clear directives.
    • Develop planning relationships with local agencies such DHHS, Law Enforcement, Hospitals, Medical Clinics, Schools, Businesses, etc.
    • Governmental bodies determine a priority list:
      • Who receives treatment first? Healthcare workers, children, etc.
      • Vaccine, anti-viral meds, ventilators, etc.
surviving the pandemic9
Surviving the Pandemic
  • Michael Leavitt, Secretary of Health & Human Services warns that if the avian flu comes, we shouldn’t count on help from the federal government.
  • Plan, prepare:
survival stress
Survival Stress
  • Reduce stress reactions by planning
    • Stockpile food, water, medicines, household supplies for 3 months.
    • Save money in case your employment is closed.
    • Plan to be homebound for a period of time.
    • Communicate with others via phone, e-mail.
    • Plan for displacement of family members.
    • Prepare wills, living wills, & health care proxies.
crisis response
Crisis Response
  • Critical Incident Stress
    • Dysfunctional families in crisis
    • Accidents (More travel in cars than air or rail)
    • Shootings
    • Sexual Assaults
    • Suicides
    • Disasters
    • Fires/Floods
crisis response12
Crisis Response
  • Understanding cognitive, behavioral, physical, and emotional reactions. What is normal; when do I need psychological help?
  • The impact of info taken in through the 5 senses.
  • Crisis Lines, talk about it
  • Distribution of literature
  • Video cameras via internet
  • Self care information via media sources
  • Distribution of goods, food, water
grief loss
Grief & Loss
  • Funerals
    • Done via video feed, internet?
    • More cremation?
    • Support groups via conference calls, chat rooms
communication needs
Communication Needs
  • Avoid isolation
  • Will our technology systems be adequate in case of overload?
  • Work at home, personal communication
  • Security of systems
  • Crisis lines
scarcity of resources
Scarcity of Resources
  • Prepare
  • Prioritize
  • Contagion on transported goods
  • Fear, worry, anger, frustration
  • Instant gratification unlikely
  • Underground, black market
  • Barter
cumulative stress
Cumulative Stress
  • One stressor after another or stressors running concurrently
  • Affects immune system
  • Affects coping ability
  • Depression
  • Survivor guilt
  • Feeling overwhelmed
any positives
Any Positives?
  • Altruistic acts
  • Appreciation of life prior to pandemic
  • Quality time with families
  • Human resourcefulness
  • Resiliency
  • Art, writing; documenting history
  • Lessons learned