cost of environmental degradation l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Cost of Environmental Degradation PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Cost of Environmental Degradation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Cost of Environmental Degradation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 297 Views
  • Uploaded on

Cost of Environmental Degradation. Ministry of Environment Service of Environmental Guidance Viviane Sassine Environmental Specialist SMAP III Regional Meeting, Villa Valmer, Marseilles, France 29 June 2009. Outline. Cost of Environmental Degradation (Why?)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Cost of Environmental Degradation' - Lucy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
cost of environmental degradation

Cost of Environmental Degradation

Ministry of Environment

Service of Environmental Guidance

Viviane Sassine

Environmental Specialist

SMAP III Regional Meeting, Villa Valmer, Marseilles, France

29 June 2009

outline
Outline
  • Cost of Environmental Degradation (Why?)
  • Study on the Cost of Environmental Degradation in Lebanon (CED-L)
  • Economic Assessment of Environmental Degradation due to July 2006 hostilities
slide3

Why do we Need to Know

the Cost of Neglecting the Environment?

To speak a non-environmentalist language

Community

Decision makers

Next

slide4

Study on the Cost of Environmental Degradation in Lebanon (CED-L)

Funded & implemented:

World Bank- METAP

Implementation region:

7 countries: Lebanon, Syria, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia

objectives
Objectives
  • Provide an estimate of the cost of environmental degradation in Lebanon using the most recent data
  • Provide analytical framework that can be applied periodically by professionals in Lebanon to assess the COED over time
  • Provide a basis for training program for all interested stakeholders to incorporate assessments of COED into policy making and environmental management.
slide6

Total Cost

565 million USD

2.8- 4.0% GDP

slide7

What?

Water Quality

Solid waste

Air Quality

Total Cost

Coastal Zones & Cultural heritage

Land & Wild life

Next

slide8

Republic of Lebanon

Economic Assessment of Environmental Degradation due to July 2006 hostilities

Funded & implemented:

World Bank

slide9

Aim and Objectives

  • Prepared by the World Bank upon the request of MoE
  • Assessment of Environmental Degradation caused by 34 day hostilities on Lebanon
  • Ultimate goal:
    • Present the overall picture of environmental degradation
    • Identify the natural resources mostly affected by the Israeli war on Lebanon
slide10

Total Cost

729 million USD

3.6% GDP

overall cost of environmental degradation
Overall cost of environmental degradation

[1] Based on an estimated GDP for 2006 of US$20.5 billion (Economic Intelligence Unit, 2006)

waste
Waste

Total estimated costs

Back

oil spill
Oil Spill

Estimated costs of damage and clean-up due to the oil spill (million US$)

Back

water
Water
  • The additional costs of getting water and the cost of reservoir rehabilitation are valued at US$131.4 million.
  • This figure underestimates the real value of the damage cost linked to water resources, as it does not include the impact of water degradation on health.

Back

quarries
Quarries

Overall damage caused by the added pressure on quarries to supply needed aggregate and sand for the reconstruction is estimated to range between US$ 15 and 175 million (or an average of US$95.5 million).

Back

forest
Forest

Overall damage to forests and to national reforestation program ranges between US$7.0 – 10.8 million, with an average of US$8.9 million.

Back

slide18

Water Quality

175 Million USD/ 1.0-1.2 percent of GDP

Health Impacts

79 – 105 M USD

Reduced Quality of potable water

82- 89 M USD

Morbidity

Mortality

Purchase of Bottled Water

Medical Care

slide19

Air Quality

170 Million USD/ 0.7-1.3 % of GDP

Health impacts from Lead

28-40 M USD

Health Impacts from PM10

61-124 M USD

Health Impacts of Indoor air pollution

10-46 M USD

Quality of Life

12- 16 M USD

slide20

Land & Wild Life

100 Million USD/ 0.5-0.7 % of GDP

Deterioration of estate prices around 3 quarries

14 – 16 M USD

Degraded Terraced Land

60 – 90 M USD

Deterioration of Tourism opportunities

4-14 M USD

slide21

Coastal Zones &

Cultural Heritage

110 Million USD/ 0.6-0.75 % of GDP

International tourism losses

63-74 M USD

Domestic recreational losses

9 – 12 M USD

Ecological losses & Non-use value

27-40 M USD

slide22

Solid Waste

8 Million USD/ 0.05% of GDP

Mismanagement of Municipal Solid waste

8 M USD

comparison of 2 studies
Comparison of 2 studies
  • The first study (CED-L) estimated the annual costs of environmental degradation in 2000 at about US$565 million or 3.4% of GDP
  • A comparison between the two estimates shows that the damage caused by the 34-day hostilities (729 million USD) is almost equivalent to one year of environmental degradation in times peace.
slide24

Service of Environmental Guidance Directorate General of Environment

Ministry of Environment

Lazarieh Center, Downtown Beirut

P.O. Box 11-2727 Lebanon

Tel: 00 961 (0) 1 976 555

Fax: 00 961 (0) 1 976 530

E-mail: sga@moe.gov.lbv.sassine@moe.gov.lb

Visit: www.moe.gov.lb