コース・イントロダクション：グローバル・ガバナンス研究の最前線を探るコース・イントロダクション：グローバル・ガバナンス研究の最前線を探る 「先端研究G」 2003年10月1日
主要文献紹介 Rosenau, J.N. & Ernst-Otto Czempiel, eds.  Governance Without Government: Order and Change in World Politics Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Governance, order, and change in world politics Governance without government: polyarchy in nineteenth-century European international politics The decaying pillars of the Westphalian temple: implications for international order and governance The “triumph” of neoclassical economics in the developing world: policy convergence and bases of governance in the international economic order Towards a post-hegemonic conceptualization of world order: reflections on the relevancy of Ibn Khaldun The effectiveness of international institutions: hard cases and critical variables Explaining the regulation of transnational practices: a state-building approach “And still it moves!” State interests and social forces in the European Community Governance and democratization Citizenship in a changing global order Rosenau, J.N. & Ernst-Otto Czempiel, eds. Governance Without Government: Order and Change in World PoliticsCambridge: Cambridge University Press
1 Governance, order, and change in world politics, James N. Rosenau • - the prospects for global order and governance have become a transcendent issue • do questions about the nature of order and governance • the lessening of order, and the faltering of governance
A number of crucial questions (1): • What does it mean by governance on a global scale? • How can it operate without government? • If governance implies a system of rule, and if it is not sustained by an organized government, who makes and implements the rules? • Does the prevailing global order depend on the nature and extensiveness of governance?
A number of crucial questions (2): • Indeed, to what does global order refer? • What forms can it take? • Is global order a mental construct, an ideational image of how things word? • Is it an implicit and largely unrecognized complex of norms that limits and shapes the conduct of international actors? • Or does it consist of patterns and regularities that are empirically discernible?
A number of crucial questions (3): • Can extensive, disorderly conflict be considered a form of order? • Or is order founded on normative considerations that stress cooperation and preclude the notion of a conflict-ridden and chaotic order? • Can there be global order during a period of rapid change? • And how is order to be distinguished from stability and the interests and material conditions on which it rests?
Rosenau, James N., George Washington University • GOVERNANCE AND ORDER • GOVERNANCE, REGIMES, AND INSTITUTIONS • ANALYTIC ORDER VERSUS NORMATIVE ORDER • LAYERS OF EMPIRICAL ORDER • ORDER AND CHANGE • SYSTEM CHANGE VERSUS WITHIN-SYSTEM CHANGE • SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS (Chapter 2): • Holsti, K.J. seeks to development perspective on the current scene by probing the origins, operations, and consequences of the system of governance that prevailed among the great powers in nineteenth-century Europe – “multipower stewardship”
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS (Chapter 3): • Zacher, Mark W. uses historical comparison to construct an analysis of the “decay” of the “Westphalian temple,” by which he means the system of states that has conditioned the structure and functioning of world politics since the seventeenth century. • States are becoming increasingly enmeshed in a network of collaborative arrangements and regimes
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS (Chapter 4): • Biersteker, Thomas J. explores the study of governance in world politics by seeking to explain why a neoclassical convergence has recently emerged among underdeveloped countries. • His central proposition is that while behavioral convergence is likely to facilitate purposive governance in the international political economy, …
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS (Chapter 5): • Cox, Robert W. is especially concerned with the ideational dimension of governance, what he regards as the “intersubjective” foundation of world politics.
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS (Chapter 6): • Young, Oran R. assesses the independent causal effect, or “effectiveness,” of international institutions in world politics • This theme concerns the role of social institutions in shaping both the behavior of individual members of international society and the collective behavior resulting from their interactions.
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS (Chapter 7): • Thomson, Janice E. assesses the usefulness of “state-building theory” – the general proposition that what does and does not get regulated at the international level is a function of the will of strong states – as a framework for understanding the emergence of international regulation. • She concludes that international regulation is a political rather than a moral phenomenon.
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS (Chapter 8): • Cornett, Linda & James A. Caporaso explore contending approaches to governance without government by looking at the revival of tendencies toward European integration in the middle and late 1980s.
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS (Chapter 9): • Czempiel, Ernst-Otto posits that the interactions of a global society consisting predominantly of states erected on the Western model will result in a peaceful system of governance.
SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS (Chapter 10): • Rosenaus’s chapter departs from the widely held assumption that global order and change are macro-level phenomena and explores the role of micro-level actors in the unfolding of governance without government. • His chapter asks to what extent can they say that order and order transformations are the consequences of micro-level changes?
While the enhancement of micro skills are not seen as determining the exact nature and direction of macro order and change, it is argued that students of world politics need to recognize that people are adapting rather than remaining constant and that micro- and macro-level developments are thus interactive in the processes of governance without government.